The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021

In recent years, radical politics has faced a number of new challenges, not least of which has been the re-emergence of the aggressive, authoritarian state. Hyper-masculine nationalism, and a systemic… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021:

  1. reinvent (verb) – renew, revive, revamp, rejuvenate, redevelop, remodel.
  2. radical (adjective) – revolutionary, progressive, forward-looking, reforming, liberal.
  3. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, follow.
  4. agents of change/change agent (noun) – someone/something who promotes and enables change to happen within any group or organization.
  5. secularism (noun) – the belief that religion should not have a strong influence in education or other public parts of society.
  6. green (adjective) – environmentally friendly, non-polluting, ozone-friendly, energy-efficient, fuel-saving, low-carbon.
  7. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  8. movement (noun) – campaign, crusade, drive/push.
  9. aggressive (adjective) – assertive, forceful, vigorous.
  10. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, draconian, undemocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  11. hyper- (prefix) – over; beyond; excessively.
  12. masculine (adjective) – muscular, strong, potent, well built, powerfully built.
  13. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with a narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance-called chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  14. systemic (adjective) – structured, methodical, organized, orderly, planned.
  15. assault (noun) – attack, offensive, onslaught.
  16. marginalised (adjective) – treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected.
  17. the marginalised (noun) – the people who are treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected.
  18. rationale (noun) – reason, reasoning/thinking, logic, grounds, basis.
  19. assertion (noun) – declaration, statement, announcement, pronouncement.
  20. indiscriminate (adjective) – thoughtless, careless, unsystematic, unmethodical.
  21. hegemony (noun) – leadership, dominance, authority.
  22. neo-liberal (adjective) – relating to an ideology that emphasizes individual interests; (In general, it is relating to an economic policy model that supports the value of free-market competition by the private sectors which with little government control over it).
  23. demise (noun) – end, disintegration, downfall, ruin.
  24. free play (noun) – unrestricted activity.
  25. majoritarianism (noun) – a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  26. far right (noun) – the extreme right wing of a political party or group; extremely conservative, rightist.
  27. ideological (adjective) – relating to a system of ideas.
  28. vacuum (noun) – gap, space, absence, lack/deficiency of something.
  29. globalisation (noun) – the process of making the trade of goods and services equivalent in all nations (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  30. anti-globalisation (noun) – against/opposing globalisation;
  31. in the face of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of; when confronted with.
  32. disenchantment (noun) – disappointment, dissatisfaction, discontent.
  33. free-market (noun) – a type of economic system that is controlled by the market forces of supply and demand, as opposed to government controls that involve price-cutting monopolies. It is different from a regulated market or command economy. In the latter, a central government agency decides the supply and demand, which means the market does not operate freely. In a free market, a majority of companies and properties are owned by individuals or entities in the private sector instead of the state.
  34. liberalism (noun) – a political philosophy founded on ideas of liberty and equality.
  35. centralist (adjective) – central.
  36. centralism (noun) – the control under a single authority.
  37. socialism (noun) – it’s a state-controlled economy in which the state controls the means of production: factories, offices, resources, and firms. Since the government controls almost all of society’s functions, it can make better use of resources, labors, and lands.
  38. far-reaching (adjective) – widespread, sweeping, extensive, important, significant.
  39. bulwark (noun) – protector, guard, supporter.
  40. voracity (noun) – the state of being voracious (unappeasable, greedy, uncontrollable).
  41. ecological (adjective) – relating to the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
  42. devastation (noun) – destruction, damage, havoc/wreckage.
  43. relative (adjective) – moderate, reasonable, considerable.
  44. geographically (adverb) – in terms of the region.
  45. multifarious (adjective) – many, multiple, various, manifold.
  46. dark reality (noun) – grim/dismal reality.
  47. at large (phrase) – as a whole, generally, extensively.
  48. universal (adjective) – relating to all people; all-inclusive, all-embracing, comprehensive.
  49. relative (adjective) – corresponding, comparable, correlative, parallel.
  50. emancipation (noun) – release, setting free, liberation, freedom.
  51. context (noun) – situation; circumstances, conditions, state of affairs.
  52. neo-liberalism (noun) – new/revived liberal principles.
  53. the crushing (noun) – suppression, overpowering, quashing, quelling.
  54. dignity (noun) – self-esteem, self-worth, self-respect, pride/morale.
  55. hunger (noun) – desire, craving, longing, appetite.
  56. unrelenting (adjective) – resolute, determined, inflexible, uncompromising, unyielding, unflagging; unceasing, persistent.
  57. siege (noun) – blockade, beleaguerment, encirclement.
  58. prompt (verb) – induce, cause, motivate, persuade, encourage, impel, urge.
  59. contemporary (adjective) – modern, present-day.
  60. Marxist (adjective) – relating to a body of doctrine developed by Karl Marx and, to a lesser extent, by Friedrich Engels in the mid-19th century.
  61. condemn (verb) – censure, criticize, castigate; destine, damn.
  62. usurp (verb) – take over, appropriate, seize.
  63. strike a balance (phrase) – find a fair & reasonable line of action between two contrasting things.
  64. move away from (phrasal verb) – change/alter one’s ideas/beliefs/views and so.
  65. straitjacket (noun) – restriction, restraint, constraint.
  66. orthodox (adjective) – traditional, conventional, doctrinal, mainstream, conformist.
  67. marxism (noun) – a radical, revolutionary political philosophy by Karl Marx.
  68. lay emphasis on (phrase) – to emphasize the importance of something.
  69. predominance (noun) – supremacy, dominance, control, power.
  70. proletariat (noun) – working-class people, wage-earners, the labouring classes, the common people, the ordinary people, the lower classes.
  71. determinism (noun) – the philosophical view that all events are determined completely by previously existing causes.
  72. consciousness (noun) – awareness, knowledge, realization, recognition.
  73. overlook (verb) – neglect, ignore, disregard, turn a blind eye.
  74. alliance (noun) – association, union, partnership.
  75. feminist (adjective) – relating to a person who supports feminism (fights for the equality of all people).
  76. thereby (adverb) – as a result of that.
  77. decentralised (adjective) – relating to the transfer of the power/control of a department/government from a single place to other locations.
  78. pluralistic (adjective) – coexistent; (of people) exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  79. inclusive (adjective) – all-embracing, all-inclusive, with everyone included, comprehensive.
  80. capitalism (noun) – an economic system based on private ownership; private enterprise, private ownership.
  81. contested (adjective) – disputed, challenged.
  82. racism (noun) – the belief that a particular race is superior or inferior to another.
  83. privatisation (noun) – transfer of a business, industry, academic institutions, or service from public to private ownership and control.
  84. surveillance (noun) – monitoring, observation, scrutiny, inspection.
  85. bureaucratization (noun) – the formation of something into a bureaucracy (administration).
  86. irrational (adjective) – unreasonable, illogical, groundless, unfounded.
  87. mystification (noun) – confusion.
  88. discourse (noun) – discussion, conversation, communication, expression.
  89. ethnicity (noun) – a category of people who identify with each other based on common language, ancestral, social, cultural, or national experiences.
  90. deconstruct (verb) – analyse, examine, study, inspect, scrutinize.
  91. conflictual (adjective) – involving conflict/disagreement.
  92. inevitably (adverb) – unavoidably, certainly, definitely.
  93. spectre (noun) – threat, menace, danger/peril.
  94. lurk (verb) – hide, conceal, keep out of sight.
  95. deprivation (noun) – dispossession, withdrawal, removal, taking away, stripping.
  96. rampant (adjective) – widespread, present everywhere/pervasive, unrestrained/out of control.
  97. progressive (noun) – relating to a person who supports social reform; liberal, forward-looking, forward-thinking, dynamic.
  98. gear up (phrasal verb) – get ready, prepare, equip (oneself) for something.
  99. predicament (noun) – problematic situation, difficulty, quandary.
  100. acute (adjective) – severe, intense, serious.
  101. right-wing (adjective) – conservative, rightist, ultra-right, alt-right.
  102. regime (noun) – government.
  103. communalism (noun) – adherence/obedience to one’s own ethnic group (against the principle/practice of living together in a wider society).
  104. oppression (noun) – persecution, abuse, ill-treatment, suppression.
  105. degradation (noun) – deterioration, degeneration, atrophy, decay, wasting away.
  106. discrimination (noun) – prejudice, intolerance, inequity, unfairness (against an individual or group of individuals by society and its institutions (basically in the procedures, policies, or objectives) as a whole.
  107. gender discrimination (noun) – sexual discrimination; discrimination based on gender (or sex).
  108. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing forces/people/resources together for a particular cause.
  109. consequently (adverb) – as a result, therefore, for this reason, because of that.
  110. imperative (adjective) – vitally important, crucial, critical, necessary, essential.
  111. mitigate (verb) – reduce, lessen, decrease, make less severe.
  112. famine (noun) – deficiency, shortfall, lack, insufficiency, scarcity (of food).
  113. usher in (verb) – start, begin, initiate.
  114. classless (Adjective) – relating to a society without social classes.
  115. green movement (noun) – environmental movement; a diverse movement that forwards the concerns of environmentalists.
  116. aggressively (adverb) – determinedly, vigorously, energetically.
  117. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  118. vigour (noun) – strength, power, high level of activity.
  119. imperceptibly (adverb) – unnoticeably, invisibly, gradually, slightly, minutely.
  120. awakening (noun) – understanding, insight, awareness, learning.
  121. consolidation (noun) – the process of combining a number of things into a single more effective one; unification.
  122. ground (noun) – reason, factor, basis, rationale, premise.
  123. expediency (noun) – advantage, benefit, utility.
  124. authoritarianism (noun) – autocracy, fascism, totalitarianism/draconianism. 
  125. pass through (phrasal verb) – go through, undergo, get through, traverse, pass over, infiltrate.
  126. newfound (adjective) – recently established.
  127. turnaround (noun) – an unexpected change.
  128. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  129. revival (noun) – re-establishment, reintroduction, restoration.
  130. fury (noun) – severity, intensity, strength, power.
  131. Arab Spring (noun) – it refers to the democratic protests, uprisings, and demonstrations that arose independently and spread across the Arab world in 2011.
  132. impetus (noun) – motivation, encouragement; stimulus, boost.
  133. wilting (adjective) – languishing, weakening, fading, waning, losing energy, feeling weak.
  134. so as to (phrase) – in order to.
  135. moral high ground (noun) – ethical or political parlance/expression/phrase, refers to the status of being respected for remaining moral, and adhering to and upholding a universally recognized standard of justice or goodness.
  136. fragile (adjective) – weak, risky, unreliable, insecure; easily broken/destroyed.
  137. appalling (adjective) – shocking, horrible, horrific, terrible, awful.
  138. will (noun) – desire, wish, preference, disposition.
  139. polarised (adjective) – separated/divided into opposing two.
  140. ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, destroy.
  141. viable (adjective) – reasonable, practical, logical, sensible, effective.
  142. inherent (adjective) – implicit, intrinsic, fundamental, basic.
  143. manifest (adjective) – obvious, clear, apparent, evident, palpable.
  144. accumulation (noun) – amassing, gathering, stockpiling, hoarding.
  145. pole (noun) – extremity.
  146. misery (noun) – pain, grief, anguish, agony, distress, torment, suffering.
  147. inevitable (adjective) – an unavoidable situation, an unpreventable situation.
  148. phenomenon (noun) – situation, circumstance.
  149. burgeoning (adjective) – growing, increasing expanding, mushrooming rapidly.
  150. sea (noun) – multitude, a host of, lot, large number, great quantity.
  151. clamour (verb) – demand, protest, press, push.
  152. languish (verb) – suffer, experience hardship; be abandoned, be neglected, be forgotten.
  153. sink into (verb) – fall into, lapse into.
  154. debt (noun) – liability, financial obligation, borrowed capital.
  155. inveterate (adjective) – hardcore, hardened, chronic; long-established, deep-rooted.
  156. relentlessly (adverb) – continuously, persistently, firmly/determinedly, continuously in an intense way.
  157. reproach (verb) – rebuke, reprove, scold, reprimand, admonish, chastise.
  158. proclivity (noun) – liking, inclination, tendency/leaning.
  159. high ground (noun) – a position of superiority; a position of advantage.
  160. sham (noun) – pretence, act.
  161. symphony (noun) – an arrangement/composition of different elements.
  162. successive (adjective) – consecutive, continuous, succeeding.
  163. inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
  164. multiracial (adjective) – global, worldwide, intercontinental.
  165. vicious (adjective) – spiteful, menacing, heinous, hostile, hate-filled.
  166. perpetuate (verb) – cause to continue something indefinitely, particularly a bad situation, an attitude/idea/belief, etc; keep going, keep in existence, extend/prolong.
  167. transformative (adjective) – life-changing, forward-thinking, progressive.
  168. foster (verb) – encourage, promote, further, stimulate, advance, forward.
  169. equitable (adjective) – fair, just, impartial.
  170. indiscriminate (adjective) – broad-based.
  171. juncture (noun) – point in time, time/moment, stage.
  172. rabid (adjective) – extreme, fanatical, overzealous.
  173. ultra-nationalism (noun) – extreme nationalism (hyper-nationalism).
  174. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about, call forth, give rise to.
  175. fragmented (adjective) – divided, splintered, split, separated, disintegrated.
  176. participatory (adjective) – involving by participation.
  177. espouse (verb) – support, champion, endorse, advocate, approve.
  178. tenacious (adjective) – firm, strong, purposeful.
  179. resolve (noun) – determination, willpower, firmness, resolution, courage.
  180. seek (verb) – try, attempt, aim; ask for, request, demand.
  181. brutality (noun) – cruelty, barbarity, inhumanity.
  182. grassroots (noun as modifier) – the most basic levels of an organisation.
  183. activism (noun) – involvement; campaigning/supporting (to cause political or social change).
  184. foremost (adjective) – most important.
  185. relevance (noun) – significance, importance.
  186. as opposed to (phrase) – in contrast with, as against, rather than, instead of.
  187. scourge (noun) – affliction, bane, curse, plague.
  188. elitist (adjective) – associated with an elite group of people.
  189. cataclysmic (adjective) – disastrous, catastrophic, devastating, destructive.
  190. capitalism (noun) – an economic system based on private ownership; private enterprise, private ownership.
  191. equip (verb) – prepare (for a particular task/situation).
  192. confront (verb) – face, address, tackle, deal with.
  193. murky (adjective) – questionable, suspicious, dubious,/mysterious.
  194. populism (noun) – policies that supposedly represent the opinions of ordinary people (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  195. on a platter (phrase) – used to mention that someone receives something with no effort.
  196. reason with (phrasal verb) – talk round, win round, persuade, coax, prevail on, convince.
  197. inculcate (verb) – introduce, instil, infuse, induce.
  198. unbiased (adjective) – impartial, unprejudiced, non-partisan, objective.
  199. just (adjective) – impartial, unbiased, objective, neutral.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021

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