The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021

In recent years, radical politics has faced a number of new challenges, not least of which has been the re-emergence of the aggressive, authoritarian state. Hyper-masculine nationalism, and a systemic… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021.

To read this article, click here.

This preview is provided here with permission.  

Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021:

  1. reinvent (verb) – renew, revive, revamp, rejuvenate, redevelop, remodel.
  2. radical (adjective) – revolutionary, progressive, forward-looking, reforming, liberal.
  3. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, follow.
  4. agents of change/change agent (noun) – someone/something who promotes and enables change to happen within any group or organization.
  5. secularism (noun) – the belief that religion should not have a strong influence in education or other public parts of society.
  6. green (adjective) – environmentally friendly, non-polluting, ozone-friendly, energy-efficient, fuel-saving, low-carbon.
  7. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  8. movement (noun) – campaign, crusade, drive/push.
  9. aggressive (adjective) – assertive, forceful, vigorous.
  10. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, draconian, undemocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  11. hyper- (prefix) – over; beyond; excessively.
  12. masculine (adjective) – muscular, strong, potent, well built, powerfully built.
  13. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with a narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance-called chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  14. systemic (adjective) – structured, methodical, organized, orderly, planned.
  15. assault (noun) – attack, offensive, onslaught.
  16. marginalised (adjective) – treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected.
  17. the marginalised (noun) – the people who are treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected.
  18. rationale (noun) – reason, reasoning/thinking, logic, grounds, basis.
  19. assertion (noun) – declaration, statement, announcement, pronouncement.
  20. indiscriminate (adjective) – thoughtless, careless, unsystematic, unmethodical.
  21. hegemony (noun) – leadership, dominance, authority.
  22. neo-liberal (adjective) – relating to an ideology that emphasizes individual interests; (In general, it is relating to an economic policy model that supports the value of free-market competition by the private sectors which with little government control over it).
  23. demise (noun) – end, disintegration, downfall, ruin.
  24. free play (noun) – unrestricted activity.
  25. majoritarianism (noun) – a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  26. far right (noun) – the extreme right wing of a political party or group; extremely conservative, rightist.
  27. ideological (adjective) – relating to a system of ideas.
  28. vacuum (noun) – gap, space, absence, lack/deficiency of something.
  29. globalisation (noun) – the process of making the trade of goods and services equivalent in all nations (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  30. anti-globalisation (noun) – against/opposing globalisation;
  31. in the face of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of; when confronted with.
  32. disenchantment (noun) – disappointment, dissatisfaction, discontent.
  33. free-market (noun) – a type of economic system that is controlled by the market forces of supply and demand, as opposed to government controls that involve price-cutting monopolies. It is different from a regulated market or command economy. In the latter, a central government agency decides the supply and demand, which means the market does not operate freely. In a free market, a majority of companies and properties are owned by individuals or entities in the private sector instead of the state.
  34. liberalism (noun) – a political philosophy founded on ideas of liberty and equality.
  35. centralist (adjective) – central.
  36. centralism (noun) – the control under a single authority.
  37. socialism (noun) – it’s a state-controlled economy in which the state controls the means of production: factories, offices, resources, and firms. Since the government controls almost all of society’s functions, it can make better use of resources, labors, and lands.
  38. far-reaching (adjective) – widespread, sweeping, extensive, important, significant.
  39. bulwark (noun) – protector, guard, supporter.
  40. voracity (noun) – the state of being voracious (unappeasable, greedy, uncontrollable).
  41. ecological (adjective) – relating to the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
  42. devastation (noun) – destruction, damage, havoc/wreckage.
  43. relative (adjective) – moderate, reasonable, considerable.
  44. geographically (adverb) – in terms of the region.
  45. multifarious (adjective) – many, multiple, various, manifold.
  46. dark reality (noun) – grim/dismal reality.
  47. at large (phrase) – as a whole, generally, extensively.
  48. universal (adjective) – relating to all people; all-inclusive, all-embracing, comprehensive.
  49. relative (adjective) – corresponding, comparable, correlative, parallel.
  50. emancipation (noun) – release, setting free, liberation, freedom.
  51. context (noun) – situation; circumstances, conditions, state of affairs.
  52. neo-liberalism (noun) – new/revived liberal principles.
  53. the crushing (noun) – suppression, overpowering, quashing, quelling.
  54. dignity (noun) – self-esteem, self-worth, self-respect, pride/morale.
  55. hunger (noun) – desire, craving, longing, appetite.
  56. unrelenting (adjective) – resolute, determined, inflexible, uncompromising, unyielding, unflagging; unceasing, persistent.
  57. siege (noun) – blockade, beleaguerment, encirclement.
  58. prompt (verb) – induce, cause, motivate, persuade, encourage, impel, urge.
  59. contemporary (adjective) – modern, present-day.
  60. Marxist (adjective) – relating to a body of doctrine developed by Karl Marx and, to a lesser extent, by Friedrich Engels in the mid-19th century.
  61. condemn (verb) – censure, criticize, castigate; destine, damn.
  62. usurp (verb) – take over, appropriate, seize.
  63. strike a balance (phrase) – find a fair & reasonable line of action between two contrasting things.
  64. move away from (phrasal verb) – change/alter one’s ideas/beliefs/views and so.
  65. straitjacket (noun) – restriction, restraint, constraint.
  66. orthodox (adjective) – traditional, conventional, doctrinal, mainstream, conformist.
  67. marxism (noun) – a radical, revolutionary political philosophy by Karl Marx.
  68. lay emphasis on (phrase) – to emphasize the importance of something.
  69. predominance (noun) – supremacy, dominance, control, power.
  70. proletariat (noun) – working-class people, wage-earners, the labouring classes, the common people, the ordinary people, the lower classes.
  71. determinism (noun) – the philosophical view that all events are determined completely by previously existing causes.
  72. consciousness (noun) – awareness, knowledge, realization, recognition.
  73. overlook (verb) – neglect, ignore, disregard, turn a blind eye.
  74. alliance (noun) – association, union, partnership.
  75. feminist (adjective) – relating to a person who supports feminism (fights for the equality of all people).
  76. thereby (adverb) – as a result of that.
  77. decentralised (adjective) – relating to the transfer of the power/control of a department/government from a single place to other locations.
  78. pluralistic (adjective) – coexistent; (of people) exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  79. inclusive (adjective) – all-embracing, all-inclusive, with everyone included, comprehensive.
  80. capitalism (noun) – an economic system based on private ownership; private enterprise, private ownership.
  81. contested (adjective) – disputed, challenged.
  82. racism (noun) – the belief that a particular race is superior or inferior to another.
  83. privatisation (noun) – transfer of a business, industry, academic institutions, or service from public to private ownership and control.
  84. surveillance (noun) – monitoring, observation, scrutiny, inspection.
  85. bureaucratization (noun) – the formation of something into a bureaucracy (administration).
  86. irrational (adjective) – unreasonable, illogical, groundless, unfounded.
  87. mystification (noun) – confusion.
  88. discourse (noun) – discussion, conversation, communication, expression.
  89. ethnicity (noun) – a category of people who identify with each other based on common language, ancestral, social, cultural, or national experiences.
  90. deconstruct (verb) – analyse, examine, study, inspect, scrutinize.
  91. conflictual (adjective) – involving conflict/disagreement.
  92. inevitably (adverb) – unavoidably, certainly, definitely.
  93. spectre (noun) – threat, menace, danger/peril.
  94. lurk (verb) – hide, conceal, keep out of sight.
  95. deprivation (noun) – dispossession, withdrawal, removal, taking away, stripping.
  96. rampant (adjective) – widespread, present everywhere/pervasive, unrestrained/out of control.
  97. progressive (noun) – relating to a person who supports social reform; liberal, forward-looking, forward-thinking, dynamic.
  98. gear up (phrasal verb) – get ready, prepare, equip (oneself) for something.
  99. predicament (noun) – problematic situation, difficulty, quandary.
  100. acute (adjective) – severe, intense, serious.
  101. right-wing (adjective) – conservative, rightist, ultra-right, alt-right.
  102. regime (noun) – government.
  103. communalism (noun) – adherence/obedience to one’s own ethnic group (against the principle/practice of living together in a wider society).
  104. oppression (noun) – persecution, abuse, ill-treatment, suppression.
  105. degradation (noun) – deterioration, degeneration, atrophy, decay, wasting away.
  106. discrimination (noun) – prejudice, intolerance, inequity, unfairness (against an individual or group of individuals by society and its institutions (basically in the procedures, policies, or objectives) as a whole.
  107. gender discrimination (noun) – sexual discrimination; discrimination based on gender (or sex).
  108. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing forces/people/resources together for a particular cause.
  109. consequently (adverb) – as a result, therefore, for this reason, because of that.
  110. imperative (adjective) – vitally important, crucial, critical, necessary, essential.
  111. mitigate (verb) – reduce, lessen, decrease, make less severe.
  112. famine (noun) – deficiency, shortfall, lack, insufficiency, scarcity (of food).
  113. usher in (verb) – start, begin, initiate.
  114. classless (Adjective) – relating to a society without social classes.
  115. green movement (noun) – environmental movement; a diverse movement that forwards the concerns of environmentalists.
  116. aggressively (adverb) – determinedly, vigorously, energetically.
  117. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  118. vigour (noun) – strength, power, high level of activity.
  119. imperceptibly (adverb) – unnoticeably, invisibly, gradually, slightly, minutely.
  120. awakening (noun) – understanding, insight, awareness, learning.
  121. consolidation (noun) – the process of combining a number of things into a single more effective one; unification.
  122. ground (noun) – reason, factor, basis, rationale, premise.
  123. expediency (noun) – advantage, benefit, utility.
  124. authoritarianism (noun) – autocracy, fascism, totalitarianism/draconianism. 
  125. pass through (phrasal verb) – go through, undergo, get through, traverse, pass over, infiltrate.
  126. newfound (adjective) – recently established.
  127. turnaround (noun) – an unexpected change.
  128. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  129. revival (noun) – re-establishment, reintroduction, restoration.
  130. fury (noun) – severity, intensity, strength, power.
  131. Arab Spring (noun) – it refers to the democratic protests, uprisings, and demonstrations that arose independently and spread across the Arab world in 2011.
  132. impetus (noun) – motivation, encouragement; stimulus, boost.
  133. wilting (adjective) – languishing, weakening, fading, waning, losing energy, feeling weak.
  134. so as to (phrase) – in order to.
  135. moral high ground (noun) – ethical or political parlance/expression/phrase, refers to the status of being respected for remaining moral, and adhering to and upholding a universally recognized standard of justice or goodness.
  136. fragile (adjective) – weak, risky, unreliable, insecure; easily broken/destroyed.
  137. appalling (adjective) – shocking, horrible, horrific, terrible, awful.
  138. will (noun) – desire, wish, preference, disposition.
  139. polarised (adjective) – separated/divided into opposing two.
  140. ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, destroy.
  141. viable (adjective) – reasonable, practical, logical, sensible, effective.
  142. inherent (adjective) – implicit, intrinsic, fundamental, basic.
  143. manifest (adjective) – obvious, clear, apparent, evident, palpable.
  144. accumulation (noun) – amassing, gathering, stockpiling, hoarding.
  145. pole (noun) – extremity.
  146. misery (noun) – pain, grief, anguish, agony, distress, torment, suffering.
  147. inevitable (adjective) – an unavoidable situation, an unpreventable situation.
  148. phenomenon (noun) – situation, circumstance.
  149. burgeoning (adjective) – growing, increasing expanding, mushrooming rapidly.
  150. sea (noun) – multitude, a host of, lot, large number, great quantity.
  151. clamour (verb) – demand, protest, press, push.
  152. languish (verb) – suffer, experience hardship; be abandoned, be neglected, be forgotten.
  153. sink into (verb) – fall into, lapse into.
  154. debt (noun) – liability, financial obligation, borrowed capital.
  155. inveterate (adjective) – hardcore, hardened, chronic; long-established, deep-rooted.
  156. relentlessly (adverb) – continuously, persistently, firmly/determinedly, continuously in an intense way.
  157. reproach (verb) – rebuke, reprove, scold, reprimand, admonish, chastise.
  158. proclivity (noun) – liking, inclination, tendency/leaning.
  159. high ground (noun) – a position of superiority; a position of advantage.
  160. sham (noun) – pretence, act.
  161. symphony (noun) – an arrangement/composition of different elements.
  162. successive (adjective) – consecutive, continuous, succeeding.
  163. inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
  164. multiracial (adjective) – global, worldwide, intercontinental.
  165. vicious (adjective) – spiteful, menacing, heinous, hostile, hate-filled.
  166. perpetuate (verb) – cause to continue something indefinitely, particularly a bad situation, an attitude/idea/belief, etc; keep going, keep in existence, extend/prolong.
  167. transformative (adjective) – life-changing, forward-thinking, progressive.
  168. foster (verb) – encourage, promote, further, stimulate, advance, forward.
  169. equitable (adjective) – fair, just, impartial.
  170. indiscriminate (adjective) – broad-based.
  171. juncture (noun) – point in time, time/moment, stage.
  172. rabid (adjective) – extreme, fanatical, overzealous.
  173. ultra-nationalism (noun) – extreme nationalism (hyper-nationalism).
  174. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about, call forth, give rise to.
  175. fragmented (adjective) – divided, splintered, split, separated, disintegrated.
  176. participatory (adjective) – involving by participation.
  177. espouse (verb) – support, champion, endorse, advocate, approve.
  178. tenacious (adjective) – firm, strong, purposeful.
  179. resolve (noun) – determination, willpower, firmness, resolution, courage.
  180. seek (verb) – try, attempt, aim; ask for, request, demand.
  181. brutality (noun) – cruelty, barbarity, inhumanity.
  182. grassroots (noun as modifier) – the most basic levels of an organisation.
  183. activism (noun) – involvement; campaigning/supporting (to cause political or social change).
  184. foremost (adjective) – most important.
  185. relevance (noun) – significance, importance.
  186. as opposed to (phrase) – in contrast with, as against, rather than, instead of.
  187. scourge (noun) – affliction, bane, curse, plague.
  188. elitist (adjective) – associated with an elite group of people.
  189. cataclysmic (adjective) – disastrous, catastrophic, devastating, destructive.
  190. capitalism (noun) – an economic system based on private ownership; private enterprise, private ownership.
  191. equip (verb) – prepare (for a particular task/situation).
  192. confront (verb) – face, address, tackle, deal with.
  193. murky (adjective) – questionable, suspicious, dubious,/mysterious.
  194. populism (noun) – policies that supposedly represent the opinions of ordinary people (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  195. on a platter (phrase) – used to mention that someone receives something with no effort.
  196. reason with (phrasal verb) – talk round, win round, persuade, coax, prevail on, convince.
  197. inculcate (verb) – introduce, instil, infuse, induce.
  198. unbiased (adjective) – impartial, unprejudiced, non-partisan, objective.
  199. just (adjective) – impartial, unbiased, objective, neutral.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reinventing radical politics, by looking Left) – Mar 16, 2021

“Phrasal Verbs” We Learnt Last Week

“Idioms & Phrases” We Learnt Last Week

“Important Definitions” We Learnt Last Week

Recent Word Lists For The Hindu Editorial Articles

Recent Advanced Word Lists For The Hindu Lead Articles

Recent Word of the Day

Recent Words of the Month

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.