The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021

The Supreme Court of India has cleared the decks for the intensely contested new Parliament and Central Vista projects in New Delhi. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021:

  1. Central Vista (noun) – it is a grand redevelopment project for building what will be the power corridor of India, having a new Parliament building, a common central secretariat and revamped three-km-long Rajpath, from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the India Gate.
  2. key (adjective) – basic, fundamental, critical, important.
  3. civic (adjective) – government, public.
  4. procurement (noun) – the action of procuring/purchasing something.
  5. clear the decks (phrase) – removing hindrances/barriers while preparing for a course of action.
  6. contested (adjective) – opposed, disputed, debated, argued.
  7. sanction (verb) – authorize, permit, allow, endorse, approve.
  8. stipulated (adjective) – specified, demanded, stated (as a requirement).
  9. regulation (noun) – rule, order, directive, ordinance.
  10. go ahead (phrasal verb) – to proceed, to continue to do something, to start/begin to do something.
  11. put an end to (phrase) – stop, terminate, abolish.
  12. litigation (noun) – legal case, legal proceeding, legal action.
  13. necessarily (adverb) – inevitably, certainly, surely, undoubtedly.
  14. recur (verb) – happen again, reoccur, occur again.
  15. participatory (adjective) – involving by participation.
  16. hesitant (adjective) – uncertain, undecided, dubious, sceptical, reluctant.
  17. mandated (adjective) – mandatory, compulsory, binding, required.
  18. enduring (adjective) – long-lasting, persisting, durable.
  19. persuasion (noun) – belief, opinion, conviction, faith, view.
  20. erroneous (adjective) – wrong, incorrect, inaccurate.
  21. unproductive (adjective) – futile, vain, useless, pointless, ineffective.
  22. sui generis (adjective) – Latin, literally ‘of its own kind’; unique, individual, special.
  23. widespread (adjective) – extensive, general, universal, across the board.
  24. imprudent (adjective) – thoughtless, unthinking, short-sighted.
  25. reckless (adjective) – careless, thoughtless, incautious, heedless, hasty.
  26. abound (verb) – be in large numbers; be plentiful, be numerous; be full of.
  27. erratically (adverb) – unpredictably.
  28. drop (verb) – abandon, give up, discontinue.
  29. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  30. cumulatively (adverb) – in a cumulative manner; increasingly, collectively, totally.
  31. erode (verb) – undermine, weaken, destroy, spoil gradually.
  32. course correction (noun) – modifying, improving, rectifying (the plan of action).
  33. dead end (noun) – impasse, deadlock, stalemate, stand-off.
  34. obsolescent (noun) – out of date, outdated, old-fashioned; declining, waning, moribund.
  35. regulatory (adjective) – governmental, executive, supervisory, managerial.
  36. mandate (noun) – authority, approval, authorization.
  37. unalloyed (adjective) – unlimited, unrestricted, categorical, unequivocal, unambiguous.
  38. flip flop (noun) – a sudden reversal of something, particularly a policy/plan.
  39. case in point (phrase) – example, instance, typical case, sample.
  40. accountability (noun) – responsibility, liability, answerability.
  41. whimsical (adjective) – volatile, unpredictable, erratic, mercurial, impulsive.
  42. institutionalise (verb) – set up a standard practice (in an organisation/culture).
  43. regulator (noun) – an association that supervises a particular business activity.
  44. keep a check (noun) – monitor, control.
  45. oversight (noun) – supervision, surveillance, inspection, administration, management.
  46. in place (phrase) – establish, set up, arranged, in order.
  47. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  48. track record (noun) – previous performance, previous accomplishments, previous achievements.
  49. provision (noun) – term, requirement, condition.
  50. mandate (verb) – authorize, nominate, name, empower.
  51. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  52. vague (adjective) – imprecise, inexact, unclear/uncertain.
  53. stipulate (verb) – lay down, specify, state clearly.
  54. objective (noun) – impartial, unbiased, fair-minded; factual, actual/real.
  55. measure (noun) – step, action, course of action, plan of action, procedure.
  56. at the mercy of (phrase) – in the power of, under the control of, unprotected against, defenceless against.
  57. interpretation (noun) – explanation, understanding/reading, inference, clarification.
  58. on display (phrase) – in a public place where the public can see.
  59. dissenting (adjective) – opposite, contradicting, disagreeing, conflicting.
  60. yardstick (noun) – standard, measure, gauge; benchmark.
  61. arrive at (verb) – attain, reach, accomplish (a conclusion or decision).
  62. acquisition (noun) – obtaining, acquiring/procuring, appropriation.
  63. Land Acquisition Act, 2013 (noun) – an Act of Indian Parliament that regulates land acquisition and lays down the procedure and rules for granting compensation, rehabilitation, and resettlement to the affected persons in India. The Act has provisions to provide fair compensation to those whose land is taken away, brings transparency to the process of acquisition of land to set up factories or buildings, infrastructural projects, and assures rehabilitation of those affected.
  64. abusive (adjective) – ruthless, merciless, pitiless, uncaring.
  65. subsequent (adjective) – following, ensuing, successive.
  66. spell out (phrasal verb) – explain, make clear, elucidate/clarify.
  67. consent (noun) – agreement, assent, accord.
  68. benchmark (noun as modifier) – standard, base/basis, point of reference.
  69. diversity (noun) – existence/presence of different people (from a variety of backgrounds and perspectives ranging from race to age to gender to hometown to educational experience) within-group; variety, variance, difference.
  70. inclusive (adjective) – all-embracing, all-inclusive, with everyone included, comprehensive.
  71. unambiguously (adverb) – undeniably, unquestionably, undebatably.
  72. disclosure (noun) – revelation, report, declaration, announcement.
  73. aesthetic (noun) – artistic, elegant, exquisite; attractive, pleasing.
  74. have a bearing on (phrase) – have a relevance/relation to something.
  75. judicious (adjective) – wise, sensible, prudent, thoughtful, well-advised.
  76. disastrously (adverb) – unsuccessfully.
  77. downstream (adjective) – happening at a later stage in a process.
  78. procure (verb) – obtain, get, find (with care or effort).
  79. barring (preposition) – except for, with the exception of, apart from, other than, excluding.
  80. prerequisite (noun) – necessary condition, essential, requirement.
  81. Quality- and Cost-Based Selection (QCBS) (noun) – a method that takes into account the quality of the proposal and the cost of the services, is the commonly recommended method for the selection of consultants.
  82. weightage (noun) – importance, significance, value.
  83. competency (noun) – skill, prowess, ability, expertise.
  84. relatively (adverb) – comparatively, proportionately, somewhat, to a certain extent/degree.
  85. prioritise (verb) – make a point of, highlight, call attention to (something as very important).
  86. undermine (verb) – reduce, diminish, impede, hinder.
  87. professed (adjective) – supposed, ostensible, alleged, claimed, so-called.
  88. outdo (verb) – surpass, exceed, outclass.
  89. steep (adjective) – unreasonable, excessive; abrupt, sudden.
  90. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity, dearth.
  91. criterion (noun) – basis, standard; specification, guideline. (criteria is the plural form of criterion).
  92. barrier (noun) – obstacle, obstruction, hurdle, impediment, hindrance; difficulty, problem.
  93. considerable (adjective) – substantial, appreciable, significant, much.
  94. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  95. detrimentally (adverb) – unfavourably, unfortunately, adversely.
  96. going forward (phrase) – in the future.
  97. in this regard (phrase) – in connection with the aspect/consideration/point referred to earlier.
  98. take one’s cue from (phrase) – follow the example of; follow the advice of.
  99. advocate (verb) – recommend, prescribe, advise, favour.
  100. lay emphasis on (phrase) – to emphasize the importance of something.
  101. qualitative (adjective) – excellent, high quality.
  102. disaggregate (verb) – separate, divide.
  103. state capacity (noun) – it refers to a state’s (country’s) ability to make and effectively implement decisions in domestic and foreign policy.
  104. sustain (verb) – continue, carry on, maintain, conserve, bolster up.
  105. hastily (adverb) – swiftly, rapidly, quickly.
  106. implant (verb) – instil, inculcate, introduce.
  107. prevalent (adjective) – widespread, usual/common, ubiquitous.
  108. on the face of it (phrase) – apparently, seemingly, evidently/ostensibly; at first glance.
  109. incremental (adjective) – gradual, phased, step-by-step.
  110. moderate (verb) – regulate, keep in check.
  111. in light of (phrase) – taking into consideration, considering, bearing in mind, in view of.
  112. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  113. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  114. proportional (adjective) – corresponding, proportionate, comparable,  commensurate, equivalent.
  115. will (noun) – determination, firmness of purpose, resolve, will power, strength of character, resolution.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Beyond the Central Vista verdict, key questions) – Jan 09, 2021

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