The Hindu Editorial (Strategic shift) – Apr 30, 2020
On March 28, only 130 districts of India’s 736 had reported COVID-19 cases. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Strategic shift) – Apr 30, 2020.
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Today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Strategic shift) – Apr 30, 2020
- isolation (noun) – a complete separation from others of a person known or reasonably believed to be infected with communicable diseases.
- coronavirus (CoV)(noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
- reserve (verb) – retain, keep, secure (for future/emergency use).
- COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
- lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
- manifest (verb) – indicate, show, display, exhibit.
- (be) subjected to (verb) – put through, undergo (a particular form of treatment); treat with.
- quarantine (noun) – a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; Quarantine is imposed to separate and restrict the movement of persons, who may have been exposed to infectious disease, but not yet known to be ill.
- manifestation (noun) – symptom, sign, indication (of a disease).
- noticeably (adverb) – clearly, visibly.
- sicker comparative adjective of sick (adjective) – ill or unwell.
- segregate (verb) – separate, isolate.
- transmission chain (noun) – the act or process by which something is spread or passed from one person or thing to another.
- extinguish (verb) – eradicate, wipe out, remove, destroy.
- hover (verb) – remain at a level.
- containment (noun) – an act of keeping something (harmful) under control (it means quickly identifying cases of coronavirus through testing, placing infected individuals in isolation, tracking who infected persons might have been in contact with and potentially quarantining those who came into contact with infection so that the disease doesn’t continue to spread).
- tweak (noun) – adjustment, modification, alteration, change.
- presymptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with mild illness/symptoms.
- ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
- caregiver (noun) – nurse, attendant.
- surveillance (noun) – observation, scrutiny, inspection/examination.
- prompt (verb) – give rise to, bring about, cause, trigger.
- relative (adjective) – comparative, comparable, correlative, corresponding.
- relaxation (noun) – moderation, modification (of a rule less strict).
- anecdotal (adjective) – not based on factual, scientific reports and observations done carefully; unscientific, informal, unreliable, untrustworthy.
- disproportionately (adverb) – excessively, unduly, unnecessarily.
- vulnerable (adjective) – unsafe, unprotected, at risk.
- shut down (phrasal verb) – discontinue, cease activity, close.
- clog (verb) – fill up, crowd, pack, cram.
- relatively (adverb) – comparatively, proportionately, by comparison.
- turn up (phrasal verb) – come, arrive, appear, be present, turn out.
- infer (verb) – deduce, come to the conclusion, reason/conclude; assume.
- pose (verb) – raise, ask, put (a question/matter for consideration).
- asymptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with no symptoms.
- potent (adjective) – strong, powerful, vigorous.
- endanger (verb) – imperil, jeopardize, risk, put in danger.
- stretch (verb) – put a strain on, put great demands on, overtax; drain/exhaust/deplete/sap.
- symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with symptoms.
- far more (phrase) – a lot more, much more.
- prudent (adjective) – wise, sensible, well judged.
- fortify (verb) – strengthen, reinforce, bolster, consolidate.
- community transmission (noun) – community spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is unknown. An infected person has no travel history to an affected area and no known contact with a person previously diagnosed with a particular disease. It is possible the patient is exposed to a returning traveler who is infected.
- local transmission (cluster) (noun) – local spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is known. An infected person has travel history to an affected area. We could able to identify and trace individual cases, and ring-fence a cluster (of them) to prevent the spread of infection.
- magnitude (noun) – importance/significance, distinction, intensity/power.
- power (verb) – move/push with great speed/force.
- broach (verb) – put forward, bring up, raise/introduce, mention (a difficult subject for discussion).
- pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
- on paper (phrase) – in theory, theoretically, hypothetically.
- equip (verb) – prepare (for a particular task/situation).
- supply chain/channel (noun) – a network between a company and its suppliers to produce and distribute a specific product to the final buyer.
- personal protective equipment (PPE) (noun) – safety gear; protective clothing, helmets, masks, goggles, gloves or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer’s body from injury/disease.
- infusion (noun) – the introduction/instilling/imbuing of a new thing.
- RT-PCR testing (noun) – Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) Testing; it is one of the most accurate laboratory methods for detecting, tracking, and studying the coronavirus. It is a nuclear-derived method for detecting the presence of specific genetic material from any pathogen, including a virus. (pathogen is a bacteria/virus that causes disease).
- rationale (noun) – reason, basis, logic, principle.
- stringent (adjective) – strict/stern, severe, tough/rigorous.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
Today’s word list-1 The Hindu Editorial (Strategic shift) – Apr 30, 2020: