The Hindu Editorial (Salvaging strategy) – Apr 13, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (Salvaging strategy) – Apr 13, 2021

India’s aggressive second wave of coronavirus infections marked by over 1,50,000 cases a day and many deaths is clearly the result of irrational exuberance early in the new year. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Salvaging strategy) – Apr 13, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

The Hindu Editorial (Salvaging strategy) – Apr 13, 2021:

  1. salvage (verb) – recover, regain, restore, reclaim, get back, retrieve.
  2. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  3. scale up (phrasal verb) – increase, expand, augment; step up. 
  4. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  5. rational (adjective) – logical, well reasoned, sensible, reasonable.
  6. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  7. rein in (phrasal verb) -control, restrain, restrict, limit someone/something.
  8. aggressive (adjective) – assertive, forceful, insistent, vigorous.
  9. coronavirus (CoV) (noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  10. mark (verb) – indicate, represent, signify.
  11. irrational (adjective) – unreasonable, illogical, groundless, baseless, unjustifiable, unfounded.
  12. exuberance (noun) – excitement, elation, enthusiasm, cheerfulness, buoyancy.
  13. prematurely (adverb) – too soon, too early, before the usual time.
  14. virtually (adverb) – practically, almost, nearly.
  15. rash (adjective) – reckless, hasty, incautious, careless.
  16. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  17. regard (noun) – consideration, care, concern, thought, heed, attention.
  18. lapse (noun) – failure, mistake, blunder/oversight.
  19. nascent (adjective) – just beginning, developing, emerging, rising, burgeoning.
  20. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  21. setback (noun) – problem, difficulty, issue.
  22. mitigation (noun) – alleviation, reduction; lessening.
  23. hobble (verb) – restrict/control/limit the activity or development of something.
  24. wildfire spread/spread like wildfire (phrase) – spread with great speed (like a large destructive fire which breaks out in a forest).
  25. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  26. opt (verb) – choose, select, decide on.
  27. stagger (verb) – phase; carry out/perform/pursue something in stages; time at intervals (of something as they don’t happen at the same time).
  28. protocol (noun) – procedure, method, system.
  29. inscrutable (adjective) – mysterious, enigmatic, cryptic, difficult to interpret, hard to understand.
  30. non-transparent (adjective) – obscure, unclear, ambiguous, uncertain.
  31. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  32. cold chain (noun) – a temperature-controlled supply chain. It is a kind of supply chain that specializes in the storage, transport, and preservation of cargo that needs to be maintained at a specific temperature or within an acceptable temperature range.
  33. acquisition (noun) – obtaining, acquiring, procuring.
  34. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  35. m-RNA technology (noun) – messenger RNA technology;  the set of instructions by which cells make all proteins and send them to various parts of the body. mRNA medicines take advantage of normal biological processes to express proteins and create a desired therapeutic effect.
  36. mRNA vaccine (noun) – The vaccine is a messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccine, which stands for “messenger ribonucleic acid”. Messenger RNA is essentially the blueprint that living cells use to turn gene sequences into the proteins that form their fundamental structures. Once injected, the mRNA in the vaccine is translated into a viral protein, which our immune systems detect. The body generates an immune response in reaction to these viral proteins, which can’t by themselves cause disease, and this provides protection against developing Covid-19.
  37. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
  38. Oxford vaccine/Covishield (noun) – (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) or (AZD1222) is a COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca, UK Ltd. (named Covishield in India). Serum Institute of India (SII), a biotechnology company has partnered with global pharma giant AstraZeneca and Oxford University for this vaccine candidate ‘Covidshield’.
  39. Covaxin (noun) – India’s first indigenous COVID-19 vaccine candidate (COVAXIN) developed by a Hyderabad-based company (Bharat Biotech) in collaboration with the ICMR (The Indian Council of Medical Research).
  40. recipient (noun) – beneficiary, receiver.
  41. silver bullet (noun) – a simple solution to a complex problem.
  42. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  43. variant (noun) – different or form or version or mutant of something (virus).
  44. symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with symptoms.
  45. asymptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with no symptoms.
  46. pre-symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with mild illness/symptoms.
  47. social vaccine (noun) – a metaphor (symbolic thing) for a series of social and behavioural measures that governments can use to raise public consciousness about unhealthy situations through social mobilisation- masking, healthy distancing and public etiquette.
  48. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  49. etiquette (noun) – proper behaviour, good manners, rules of conduct/protocol.
  50. more so (phrase) – it means that to a greater degree.
  51. equip (verb) – prepare (for a particular task/situation).
  52. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  53. fatigue (noun) – tiredness, weariness, exhaustion.
  54. pandemic fatigue (noun) – it can happen when people get tired of the pandemic measures and become less likely to follow public health practices.
  55. opportunity cost (noun) – It refers to the price/cost/value of the next best thing you could have done had you not made your first choice.
  56. prolonged (adjective) – lengthy, extended, protracted, unending, unrelenting.
  57. adherence (noun) – compliance, observance, conformity.
  58. demanding (adjective) – difficult, challenging, taxing, tough, burdensome, stressful. 
  59. ritual (noun) – ceremony, rite, custom, observance.
  60. confine (verb) – limit, restrict.
  61. universal (adjective) – relating to all people; all-inclusive, all-embracing, comprehensive, general/common.
  62. deficit (noun) – shortfall, deficiency, shortage, lack.
  63. mobility (noun) – transportability.
  64. come up with (phrasal verb) – produce, put forward, present/submit.
  65. curb (noun) – control, restriction, limitation.
  66. incentivise (verb) – encourage, motivate, galvanize.
  67. perception (noun) – understanding, discernment, recognition/realization; interpretation.
  68. compensate (verb) – recompense, repay, reimburse, remunerate.
  69. hospitality (services) (noun) – customer services provided at hotels, restaurants, events, and other areas of the tourism industry.
  70. road map (noun) – schedule of a (complex) program.
  71. carefree (adjective) – unworried, untroubled, easy-going.
  72. way off (adverb) – far away.
  73. lack (verb) – be without, be deprived of, be low on, be short of.
  74. avert (verb) – prevent, stop, avoid.
  75. costly (adjective) – ruinous, disastrous, devastating, damaging, woeful/awful, terrible, unfortunate.
  76. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  77. call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  78. credibility (noun) – trustworthiness, reliability, integrity.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (Salvaging strategy) – Apr 13, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (Salvaging strategy) – Apr 13, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Salvaging strategy) – Apr 13, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Salvaging strategy) – Apr 13, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Salvaging strategy) – Apr 13, 2021

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