The Hindu Editorial (Good neighbours) – Mar 31, 2021
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Bangladesh to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the war of liberation and the centenary year of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Good neighbours) – Mar 31, 2021.
To read this article, click here.
This preview is provided here with permission.
Courtesy: The Hindu
The Hindu Editorial (Good neighbours) – Mar 31, 2021:
- neighbour (noun) – a country that is next to another country; (bordering) country.
- ties (noun) – association, relationship, bond, connection.
- aware (adjective) – conscious of, acquainted with, familiar with, informed about.
- commemorate (verb) – celebrate/honour the memory of someone/something with a ceremony/event; pay tribute to, pay homage to.
- The war of liberation (noun) – The Bangladesh War of Independence; It began on 26 March 1971 and ended with the liberation of Bangladesh on 16 December 1971. It was an armed conflict between West Pakistan (now Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). The armed struggle was the culmination of a series of events, situations and issues contributing to the progressively deteriorating relations between East and West Pakistan.
- liberation (noun) – freedom, independence.
- centenary (adjective) – relating to the hundredth anniversary.
- showcase (verb) – display, exhibit, unveil, show to the public.
- emotive (adjective) – emotional.
- confer (verb) – present to, award to, honour with, bestow on.
- The Gandhi Peace Prize (noun) – It is an annual award instituted by the government of India since 1995, the 125th birth anniversary commemoration year of Mahatma Gandhi. It is for Social, Economic and Political transformation through Non-violence. The Award comprises an amount of Rs. One Crore and a Citation.
- posthumously (adverb) – happening after the death (of a person).
- memorial (noun) – a structure built in order to remind people of a famous person or event; monument.
- pay homage to (phrase) – pay tribute to, commemorate, honour/salute.
- massacre (verb) – murder, kill.
- regime (noun) – government, authorities.
- highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize.
- aid (noun) – support, help, assistance.
- shelter (noun) – protection, shield, cover.
- assassinate (verb) – murder, kill.
- bring about (phrasal verb) – cause, create, give rise to, produce.
- build on (phrasal verb) – develop, enhance, expand on.
- virtual (adjective) – performing a task with the use of a computer, especially over a network.
- (virtual) meeting (noun) – (interactive) online meeting.
- bolster (verb) – strengthen, support, reinforce/buttress.
- infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure for something (to function properly).
- framework (noun) – structure, system, organization.
- memorandum of understanding (MoU) (noun) – a formal (written) agreement between two (bilateral) or more (multilateral) parties outlined in a formal document.
- Disaster Management (noun) – It can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.
- mark (verb) – indicate, represent, signify.
- difference (noun) – disagreement, difference of opinion, misunderstanding, dispute.
- shut down (phrasal verb) – cease activity, close down, cease operation.
- mistrust (noun) – suspicion, distrust, doubt, misgivings.
- Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) (noun) – The 2015 Land Boundary Agreement served a historic role in advancing the exchange of 111 enclaves (17,160.63 acres) from India to Bangladesh and reciprocatively, the latter transferred 51 enclaves (7,110.02 acres) to India. In addition, the choice of citizenship in either country was offered by states to enclave residents. It was the most important bilateral initiative between Bangladesh and India to resolve the longstanding border dispute that arose after the Partition of 1947, by means of the 2015 Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) and the exchange of enclaves (chhitmahals) and adverse possessions between the two countries.
- tribunal (noun) – panel, committee (set up to resolve some disputes particularly).
- in favour of (phrase) – in support of, to the advantage of, approve of.
- maritime (adjective) – of or related to the sea.
- confidence-building (measures/mechanisms) (noun) – confidence-building measures (CBMs) are planned procedures to prevent hostilities, to avert escalation, to reduce military tension, and to build mutual trust between countries.
- pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
- Teesta water dispute (noun) – The Teesta river, a tributary (branch river) of the Jamuna River (Brahmaputra River), originates in Sikkim and flows through West Bengal as well as Bangladesh. Negotiations on how to share the water have been going on since 1983. Currently, Bangladesh’s share is lower than that of India’s. Sharing the waters of the Teesta river is the most contentious issue between two friendly neighbours, India and Bangladesh.
- civilian (noun) – non-military, non-combatant, civil.
- dent (verb) – weaken, undermine, diminish, reduce, lessen.
- impetus (noun) – motivation, stimulus, incitement, inducement, inspiration, encouragement.
- Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks to grant citizenship to religious minorities of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, who had to flee their homeland facing persecution. The six minority groups that have been specifically identified are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians, and Parsis.
- address (verb) – tackle, deal with, grapple with.
- rally (noun) – gathering, march, meeting.
- Matua (noun) – The Matua Mahasangha, a religious reforms movement and a sect, was formed by Harichand Thakur in East Bengal in the mid-1800s. The word ‘matua’ means to be absorbed or remain absorbed in meditation, specifically to be absorbed in the meditation of the divine. Matuas are Namasudras, a Scheduled Caste group, trace their ancestry to East Bengal, and many of them entered West Bengal after Partition and after the formation of Bangladesh.
- raise eyebrows (phrase) – show surprise.
- repercussion (noun) – consequence, result, effect, outcome.
- reprisal (noun) – retaliation, counterattack, counterstroke.
- mob (noun) – a large, disorganized, and often violent crowd of people.
- underline (verb) – underscore, emphasize, highlight.
- count (verb) – matter, enter into consideration, be important/significant, signify.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
The Hindu Editorial (Good neighbours) – Mar 31, 2021: