The Hindu Lead Article (Undermining ‘vaccination for all’) – Apr 27, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Undermining ‘vaccination for all’) – Apr 27, 2021

Just when the spread of COVID-19 has reached catastrophic proportions, with the daily case-load rising faster than that seen anywhere in the world since the beginning of the novel coronavirus pandemic,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Undermining ‘vaccination for all’) – Apr 27, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Undermining ‘vaccination for all’) – Apr 27, 2021:

  1. undermine (verb) – weaken, subvert, sabotage, damage.
  2. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  3. universal vaccination (noun) – vaccination for all.
  4. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  5. strategy (noun) – plan of action.
  6. give up (phrasal verb) – discontinue, abandon, renounce, forgo.
  7. catastrophic (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
  8. proportions (noun) – scale, range, volume, magnitude.
  9. case-load (noun) – the number of cases to be handled by a doctor at one time.
  10. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  11. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  12. unveil (verb) – present, disclose, make public.
  13. revamped (adjective) – overhauled, reorganized, restructured, revived.
  14. hallmark (noun) – distinctive feature, indication, sure sign.
  15. phased (adjective) – gradual, incremental, step-by-step, staggered.
  16. roll-out (noun) – official launch/introduction.
  17. drive (noun) – campaign, movement, effort, push.
  18. namely (adverb) – specifically, in other words, that is.
  19. deregulation (noun) – the removal of (government’s) regulations.
  20. substantially (adverb) – considerably, significantly, largely.
  21. hitherto (adverb) – previously, earlier, so far/thus far, until now.
  22. grant (noun) – allowance, allocation, allotment.
  23. Oxford vaccine/Covishield (noun) – (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) or (AZD1222) is a COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca, UK Ltd. (named Covishield in India). Serum Institute of India (SII), a biotechnology company has partnered with global pharma giant AstraZeneca and Oxford University for this vaccine candidate ‘Covidshield’.
  24. Covaxin (noun) – India’s first indigenous COVID-19 vaccine candidate (COVAXIN) developed by a Hyderabad-based company (Bharat Biotech) in collaboration with the ICMR (The Indian Council of Medical Research).
  25. hand over (phrasal verb) – pass, transfer, assign.
  26. reins (noun) – controlling power. (In general, rein is the long leather strap(s) attached to a horse’s head (usually on either sides), by which the rider controls a horse).
  27. thus far (phrase) – until now, till date.
  28. vaccinate (verb) – inoculate, administer, introduce (with a vaccine to provide immunity against a disease).
  29. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
  30. objective (adjective) – factual, actual, existing, real.
  31. livelihood (noun) – means of making a living with the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing); means of support, subsistence, source of income.
  32. rejig (verb) – reorganize, rearrange, alter.
  33. extant (noun) – existing, present.
  34. ambitious (adjective) – formidable, challenging, demanding.
  35. frontline staff/worker/responder/personnel (noun) – a person who is among the first to arrive and provide assistance at the scene of an emergency. First/front line workers/responders typically include paramedics, emergency medical technicians, police officers, firefighters, sanitary workers & etc.
  36. in sync (phrase) – working well together, in agreement.
  37. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  38. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  39. scepticism (noun) – doubt, suspicion/mistrust, wariness, lack of conviction.
  40. administer (verb) – dispense, provide, give, apply (a drug/vaccine).
  41. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  42. facet (noun) – aspect, feature, characteristic/nuance.
  43. mismatch (noun) – discrepancy, inconsistency, contradiction.
  44. inability (noun) – incapability, incapacity, helplessness.
  45. cold war (noun) – a state of political and military tension between two countries, especially superpowers.
  46. the Cold War (noun) – The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States and a group of countries) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and a group of countries).
  47. legislation (noun) – body of laws, rules, regulations, statutes.
  48. Defense Production Act (DPA) (noun) – It allows the federal government to force companies to increase the production of critical supplies during national emergencies. It gives the executive branch substantial powers. It allows the president, largely through executive order, to direct private companies to prioritize orders from the federal government. The president is also empowered to “allocate materials, services, and facilities” for national defense purposes, and take actions to restrict hoarding of needed supplies.
  49. culture (noun) – a method of multiplying microbial organisms by letting them reproduce in predetermined culture medium under controlled laboratory conditions.
  50. lack (verb) – be without, be in need of, require, be short of.
  51. onus (noun) – responsibility, duty; burden, liability, obligation.
  52. crunch (noun) – critical (point).
  53. departure (noun) – deviation, divergence, shift/change.
  54. play a part/role (phrase) – contribute to, be instrumental in, be a factor in.
  55. sole (adjective) – only, unique, exclusive, individual.
  56. procurement (noun) – the action of procuring/purchasing something.
  57. drive down (phrasal verb) – to make the price of something reduce to a lower level.
  58. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  59. affordable (adjective) – economical, inexpensive, reasonably priced.
  60. mechanism (noun) – procedure, process, method, technique.
  61. fragment (verb) – break up, disintegrate, break down.
  62. imply (verb) – say indirectly, suggest, indicate.
  63. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about, call forth, give rise to.
  64. inequitable (adjective) – biased, unfair, unjust, discriminatory.
  65. moreover (adverb) – besides, furthermore, in addition.
  66. procure (verb) – buy, purchase.
  67. earmark (verb) – reserve, set aside,  set apart.
  68. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  69. deregulate (verb) – remove regulations from.
  70. in view of (phrase) – because of, as a result of, taking into consideration.
  71. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  72. set to (adjective) – ready, prepared, likely to do something.
  73. rake in (phrasal verb) – to make/earn a lot of money.
  74. bear (verb) – endure, tolerate, suffer (a difficulty).
  75. beef up (phrasal verb) – strengthen, reinforce, consolidate, improve.
  76. pertinent (adjective) – relevant, appropriate, applicable.
  77. ironic (adjective) – strange, unexpected, odd, paradoxical.
  78. champion (verb) – uphold, support, advocate, back.
  79. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  80. determination (noun) – setting, fixing.
  81. duopoly (noun) – it is used to describe any market where two firms dominate.
  82. affordability (noun) – inexpensiveness.
  83. Public Sector Enterprise/Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) (noun) – Companies owned by the Union Government of India or one of the many state or territorial governments or both together in parts. The company stock is majority-owned by the government in a PSU.
  84. open license (noun) – a set of conditions applied to an original work that grants permission for anyone to make use of that work as long as they follow the conditions of the license.
  85. scale up (phrasal verb) – increase, expand, augment.
  86. enable (verb) – make possible, allow, facilitate.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Undermining ‘vaccination for all’) – Apr 27, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Undermining ‘vaccination for all’) – Apr 27, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Undermining ‘vaccination for all’) – Apr 27, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Undermining ‘vaccination for all’) – Apr 27, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Undermining ‘vaccination for all’) – Apr 27, 2021

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