The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021

The landslide victory of the All India Trinamool Congress in the West Bengal Assembly elections and the pushback of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in West Bengal,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021:

  1. trump (verb) – beat, outshine, eclipse, surpass, outdo, outperform; do better than.
  2. majoritarianism (noun) – a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  3. heartland (noun) – the most important part of a field of activity; the central part of something.
  4. assertion (noun) – declaration, statement, announcement, opinion, assurance.
  5. bulwark (noun) – protection, guard, defence, support.
  6. expansionary (adjective) – (of an action) planned to cause political expansion.
  7. landslide (noun) – decisive (victory), runaway (victory), overwhelming majority.
  8. pushback (noun) – resistance, opposition, force back, repulse drive; hatred, dislike.
  9. give rise to (phrase) – cause, bring about, result in, produce, generate.
  10. pervasive (adjective) – penetrating, pervading, extensive, widespread, prevalent, ubiquitous, omnipresent.
  11. right-wing (adjective) – conservative, rightist, ultra-right, alt-right.
  12. assertion (noun) – defence.
  13. trope (noun) – motif, cliché; recurring concept, idea, motive, topic, subject (used many times).
  14. deploy (verb) – use, utilize, employ, make use of. 
  15. underline (verb) – emphasize, underscore, highlight.
  16. temper (verb) – strengthen, toughen, fortify.
  17. realism (noun) – pragmatism, practicality, matter-of-factness.
  18. ideological (adjective) – relating to a system of ideas.
  19. identity (noun) – a social category, a set of persons marked by a label and distinguished by rules deciding membership and (alleged) characteristic features or attributes; individuality, character, originality.
  20. encompass (verb) – include, incorporate, comprise. take in.
  21. strategy (noun) – plan of action.
  22. stunning (adjective) – impressive, remarkable, outstanding, incredible.
  23. propel (verb) – spur, impel, motivate, prompt.
  24. neutralise (verb) – eliminate, cancel out, invalidate; counteract, counterbalance.
  25. best (verb) – defeat, beat, conquer, triumph over.
  26. illustrate (verb) – explain, elucidate, clarify. 
  27. dimension (noun) – aspect, feature, facet, element.
  28. States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) (noun) – After independence, there has been a growing demand for reorganisation of the States on more rational basis, in the context of not only from financial, economic and administrative management of independent India but also due to the growing importance of regional languages. For the first time, the States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) was constituted in 1953 to go into the problem and to recommend the principles and broad guidelines on which the States can be reorganised.
  29. Gangetic (adjective) – relating to the river Gange.
  30. valley (noun) – a low area between hills or mountains typically with a river running through it.
  31. backbone (noun) – mainstay, cornerstone, foundation, chief support.
  32. centrepiece (noun) – highlight, main feature, centre of attention, focal point.
  33. regionalisation (noun) – it can be defined as intensification of intra-regional social and economic interactions.
  34. fragmentation (noun) – breaking, separation, disintegration.
  35. instil (verb) – introduce, inspire, implant, inculcate.
  36. in contrast to (phrase) – in opposition to.
  37. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  38. splinter (verb) – separate, break away (into smaller groups).
  39. stake a claim (phrase) – assert, declare, announce/state (ones right to something).
  40. idiom (noun) – mode of expression, language, phrasing.
  41. nation-state (noun) – a state (country) in which a great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it. The nation-state is an ideal in which cultural boundaries match up with political boundaries. An independent state consists of people from one particular national group.
  42. homogeneity (noun) – uniformity, similarity, likeliness, comparability.
  43. resonance (noun) – reverberation, continuing effect, repercussion, ramification.
  44. elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society.
  45. long-standing (adjective) – long-established, deep-rooted, fixed, persistent, continuing (for a long time).
  46. composite (adjective) – combined, mixed, complex.
  47. plural (adjective) – relating to a system in which people co-exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  48. yield (verb) – produce, give, provide (results/benefits/gains).
  49. homogenized (adjective) – made similar; made uniform.
  50. divide (noun) – division, separation, split, difference.
  51. mirror (verb) – reflect, reproduce, imitate, parallel; reiterate.
  52. cleavage (noun) – separation, rupture, fragmentation.
  53. play a part/role (phrase) – contribute to, be instrumental in, be a factor in.
  54. heritage (noun) – tradition, history, background, past, culture.
  55. homogenization (noun) – the process of making things uniform/similar.
  56. quicken (verb) – speed up, accelerate, step up, hasten.
  57. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  58. subsequent (adjective) – following, ensuing, succeeding, successive.
  59. nevertheless (adverb) – in spite of everything, notwithstanding, regardless, anyway, anyhow, however.
  60. ingredient (noun) – element, part, component.
  61. differentiation (noun) – distinction, disparity, polarity, separation.
  62. means (noun) – way, method, mode.
  63. consolidate (verb) – strengthen, stabilize, reinforce, fortify.
  64. dilute (verb) – weaken, diminish, reduce, decrease, lessen.
  65. momentum (noun) – power, strength, impetus.
  66. in the wake of (phrase) – as a result of, in the aftermath of, as a consequence of.
  67. cast a shadow over/on (phrase) – spoil, diminish, let down.
  68. alike (adverb) – similarly, identically, uniformly.
  69. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with a narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance- called chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  70. marginalise (verb) – treat as insignificant, treat as unimportant, neglect.
  71. instrumental (adjective) – influential, contributory; helpful, useful.
  72. forge (verb) – form, create, establish, set up.
  73. conservative (adjective) – traditional, conventional, old-fashioned.
  74. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  75. steer (verb) – conduct, direct, lead, guide.
  76. affairs (noun) – concerns, matters, activities; event, happening, occurrence.
  77. intensification (noun) – escalation, stepping up, increase, strengthening, reinforcement.
  78. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing forces/people/resources together for a particular cause.
  79. deftly (adverb) – cleverly, proficiently, skillfully.
  80. facilitate (verb) – make easy, make possible, enable; assist, help/aid.
  81. crusade (noun) – campaign, drive/push, movement.
  82. appropriation (noun) – seizure, take over, capture.
  83. communalisation (noun) – the act of making something communal.
  84. short circuit (verb) – shorten, reduce, lessen, cut down (a process/activity).
  85. lay the groundwork (phrase) – arrange, organize, draw up, prepare (the foundation/basis for something).
  86. deployment (noun) – the bringing of resources into effective action.
  87. ascriptive (adjective) – having the quality to be attributable to.
  88. offset (verb) – even up, counterbalance, equalize, neutralize; make amends for, compensate for.
  89. countervailing (adjective) – offsetting, counteracting, acting against with equal power, force, or effect.
  90. building block (noun) – a fundamental or basic unit/element.
  91. reach out (phrasal verb) – contact someone to obtain/offer help/assistance/cooperation.
  92. mobilise (verb) – bring (resources) into use for a particular purpose/cause.
  93. assimilate (verb) – subsume, incorporate, integrate, absorb, embrace, accept. 
  94. meta-narrative (noun) – grand narrative; overarching narrative.
  95. seek (verb) – try to obtain, aim, attempt to get.
  96. court (verb) – seek, try to obtain, pursue, go after, aim at, intent on.
  97. fragment (verb) – a small part or section of something.
  98. undermine (verb) – weaken, subvert, sabotage, damage.
  99. broad-based (adjective) – wide-ranging, general.
  100. appeal (noun) – attraction, allure, drawing power.
  101. co-opt (verb) – subsume, incorporate, integrate.
  102. keen (adjective) – determined, desirous, ambitious.
  103. align (with) (verb) – join forces with, join up with, form an alliance with, link up with, combine with.
  104. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; portrayal/account.
  105. reset (noun) – re-establishment.
  106. lie in (phrasal verb) – be present, exist.
  107. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  108. front (noun) – political group, party, faction, grouping.
  109. majoritarian (adjective) – relating to a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  110. revive (verb) – energize, resuscitate, strengthen, regenerate, renew.
  111. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
  112. orthodoxy (noun) – doctrine, belief, practice, dogma; traditionalism/conservatism.
  113. secular (adjective) – non-religious.
  114. campaign (noun) – an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision-making progress within a specific group; drive, movement, crusade.
  115. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  116. underpinning (noun) – solid base, support, foundation.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Trumping majoritarianism in the Hindi heartland) – May 22, 2021

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