The Hindu Lead Article (To stop a third wave, India has to mask up) – Apr 30, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (To stop a third wave, India has to mask up) – Apr 30, 2021

As the smoke from countless funeral pyres rises above our cities, and desperately sick people line the corridors and wards of our hospitals seeking beds,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (To stop a third wave, India has to mask up) – Apr 30, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (To stop a third wave, India has to mask up) – Apr 30, 2021:

  1. mask up (phrasal verb) – to wear a mask (face covering).
  2. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
  3. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  4. voluntarily (adverb) – willingly, readily, spontaneously.
  5. pyre (noun) – a funeral pile of wood for burning dead body.
  6. desperately (adverb) – seriously, dangerously, perilously.
  7. seek (verb) – try to obtain, attempt to find.
  8. the way out (noun) – a method of dealing with a problem; solution.
  9. plague (noun) – contagious, infectious, communicable disease.
  10. famine (noun) – deficiency, shortfall, lack, insufficiency, scarcity (of food).
  11. anaemic (adjective) – feeble, weak, poor.
  12. pace (noun) – speed.
  13. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  14. drive (noun) – campaign, movement, effort, push.
  15. unlikely (adjective) – improbable, not likely, doubtful, dubious.
  16. ferocity (noun) – intensity, severity, strength.
  17. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  18. epidemiological (adjective) – relating to the study and analysis of the distribution, patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
  19. unfold (verb) – develop, evolve, happen, occur, transpire, emerge.
  20. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  21. look around (phrasal verb) – look at, check on, examine, study.
  22. distinct (adjective) – clear-cut, definite, well defined, clearly noticeable, easily distinguishable.
  23. explosive (adjective) – violent, intense, vehement; critical, serious, dangerous, perilous.
  24. subside (verb) – diminish, decline, abate, get lower.
  25. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  26. aggressive (adjective) – forceful, insistent, vigorous.
  27. campaign (noun) – drive, push, effort, movement.
  28. vaccinate (verb) – inoculate, administer, introduce (with a vaccine to provide immunity against a disease).
  29. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  30. a given (noun) – established fact, reality, certainty.
  31. recede (verb) – diminish, lessen, decrease, retreat.
  32. likely (adverb) – probably, possibly.
  33. build up (phrasal verb) – start, begin, develop.
  34. think ahead (phrasal verb) – consider, contemplate, give thought to, deliberate about, weigh up, mull over, chew over, reflect on.
  35. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  36. inelastic (adjective) – relating to supply/demand which is unconcerned to changes in price.
  37. the bulk of (noun) – most, larger part, larger number.
  38. blunt (verb) – weaken, reduce.
  39. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term that means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  40. hygiene (noun) – cleanliness.
  41. sound (verb) – appear, look like, seem.
  42. mundane (adjective) – normal, common, ordinary.
  43. in the absence of (phrase) – without.
  44. community transmission (noun) – community spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is unknown. An infected person has no travel history to an affected area and no known contact with a person previously diagnosed with a particular disease. It is possible the patient is exposed to a returning traveler who is infected.
  45. local transmission (cluster) (noun) – local spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is known. An infected person has a travel history to an affected area. We could able to identify and trace individual cases, and ring-fence a cluster (of them) to prevent the spread of infection.
  46. norms (noun) – standard, convention, guidelines, criterion.
  47. per capita (adverb & adjective) – per person, for each, individually.
  48. mortality (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  49. universal masking (noun) – masking by all people.
  50. household (noun) – family, house.
  51. comprehensive (adjective) – broad-based, all-inclusive, diversified, complete/thorough.
  52. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) USA (noun) – a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary scientific journal.
  53. complementary (adjective) – supportive, supporting, compatible, interrelated.
  54. sustain (verb) – continue, carry on, keep up, prolong, preserve, conserve, protract.
  55. rigorous (adjective) – careful, diligent, attentive, ultra-careful.
  56. persuade (verb) – convince, influence, motivate.
  57. conventional wisdom (noun) – the common or accepted understanding, belief, opinion of a given topic.
  58. impose (verb) – force, thrust, inflict (an unwelcome decision).
  59. non-compliance (noun) – indiscipline, misbehaviour, misconduct, disobedience.
  60. interest (noun) – advantage, benefit.
  61. show the way (phrase) – do something at first to suggest others what should be done.
  62. enthusiastically (adverb) – interestingly, eagerly/keenly, vigorously, vehemently.
  63. accompany (verb) – supplement, augment, enhance.
  64. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute.
  65. triple (verb) – increase by three (times).
  66. give away (phrasal verb) – dispense, hand out, provide something freely.
  67. volunteer (noun) – participant.
  68. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  69. three-fold (adverb) – three times (as great/as much).
  70. humid (adjective) – muggy, sultry, sticky, steamy (due to high level of water vapour in the atmosphere).
  71. crippling (adjective) – weakening, damaging, impairing, destroying, spoiling, paralyzing.
  72. take into account (phrase) – consider, take into consideration, have regard to, reckon with.
  73. reach out (phrasal verb) – contact someone to obtain/offer help/assistance/cooperation.
  74. imaginative (adjective) – creative, inspired, insightful, inventive, resourceful.
  75. reinforce (verb) – support, strengthen, fortify, bolster up, underpin.
  76. simplistic (adjective) – oversimple/oversimplified, superficial, facile.
  77. put in place (phrase) – establish, set up, create/form.
  78. organism (noun) – living thing, being, creature.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (To stop a third wave, India has to mask up) – Apr 30, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (To stop a third wave, India has to mask up) – Apr 30, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (To stop a third wave, India has to mask up) – Apr 30, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (To stop a third wave, India has to mask up) – Apr 30, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (To stop a third wave, India has to mask up) – Apr 30, 2021

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