The Hindu Editorial (Promises to keep) – Apr 30, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (Promises to keep) – Apr 30, 2021

In his first address to a joint session of Congress, U.S. President Joe Biden made clear that his administration would continue pressing forward with promises made during his election campaign last year,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Promises to keep) – Apr 30, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

The Hindu Editorial (Promises to keep) – Apr 30, 2021:

  1. address (noun) – speech, talk, discourse.
  2. Congress (noun) – legislative assembly, parliament; The United States Congress is the bicameral (two chambers) legislature of the federal government of the United States, and consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.
  3. on course (noun) – on target, on track.
  4. at home (phrase) – in one’s own country.
  5. make clear (phrase) – explain, clarify, elucidate.
  6. press forward (phrasal verb) – to continue making progress despite opposition/difficulty; proceed forward, push forward, advance.
  7. campaign (noun) – canvassing, electioneering, an act of soliciting (asking for/requesting) votes; an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision-making progress within a specific group.
  8. vigorously (adverb) – aggressively, strongly, powerfully, intensely.
  9. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  10. kick-start (verb) – revive, renew, restore, revitalize, uplift.
  11. sustainable (adjective) – acceptable, trustworthy, dependable; reasonable, sensible, well-founded.
  12. reassert (verb) – confirm again, reaffirm.
  13. driving force (noun) – motive force, impetus, motivation, encouragement; stimulus, boost.
  14. push back (phrasal verb) – oppose, resist, object, reject.
  15. hegemon (noun) – super power, major power.
  16. coterminous (adjective) – happening at the same period of time; be present at the same period of time; coexistent, close, alongside.
  17. arguably (adverb) – possibly, conceivably, maybe, potentially.
  18. fraught (adjective) – worried, upset, troubled, distressed, agitated, distraught (and with many problems).
  19. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  20. devastation (noun) – destruction, damage, havoc/wreckage.
  21. wreak (verb) – cause, inflict, bring about (danger).
  22. coronavirus (CoV) (noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  23. surpass (verb) – be greater than, exceed.
  24. grim (adjective) – distressing, upsetting, worrying, unpleasant, dismal/awful.
  25. rise to the challenge (phrase) – tackle a difficult situation successfully.
  26. pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  27. predecessor (noun) – previous holder of the post; forerunner, precursor, antecedent.
  28. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  29. funnel (verb) – channel, guide, pass, feed, direct.
  30. household (noun) – family, house.
  31. a shot in the arm (phrase) – (figuratively) boost, fillip, stimulus, impetus, encouragement; (literally) an injection of drugs.
  32. revive (verb) – reintroduce, reinitiate, bring back.
  33. mollify (verb) – calm down, pacify, appease/mitigate.
  34. likely (adjective) – probable, possible, plausible.
  35. slap (verb) – impose, add, put on, levy.
  36. wound (noun) – damage, distress, blow.
  37. hatred (noun) – enmity, antipathy, antagonism, hostility, resentment, aversion.
  38. heal (verb) – get better, get well, recover; alleviate, lessen, mitigate.
  39. conviction (noun) – pronouncement of guilt, sentence, judgement.
  40. bridge (verb) – join, link, connect, unite.
  41. chasm (noun) – a clear difference between two people/groups’ thoughts, feelings, opinions, etc.; divergence, disunion, gulf, void, gap.
  42. prejudiced (adjective) – biased, discriminatory, partisan, intolerant, unfair.
  43. overzealous (adjective) – too zealous; excessively sincere, feeling, fervent, impassioned, passionate, enthusiastic.
  44. notwithstanding (conjunction) – although, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, even though.
  45. considerable (adjective) – substantial, appreciable, significant, much.
  46. arena (noun) – a place of activity.
  47. wrought (verb) – (old) past and past participle of work; cause, effect.
  48. isolationist (noun) – a person who believes in or advocates isolation (a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries).
  49. prioritise (verb) – make a point of, highlight, call attention to (something as very important).
  50. transactionalism (noun) – a philosophical method of social exchange.
  51. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  52. quid pro quo (phrase) – “something for something”; support in exchange for something.
  53. voice (noun) – expression; opinion, view.
  54. plurilateral (adjective) – (of an agreement involving many different countries (in which WTO member countries would be given the choice to agree to new rules on a voluntary basis).
  55. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  56. throw down the gauntlet (phrase) – challenge, confront, dare.
  57. The Indo-Pacific (region) (noun) – the Indo-Pacific region refers to the confluence (convergence) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, which interconnect in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, and more).
  58. rules-based (adjective) – based on a predetermined set of principles.
  59. world/international/global order (noun) – the arrangement of power and authority that provides the system for the conduct of diplomacy and world politics in relation to the entire world.
  60. vow (verb) – swear, pledge, promise, affirm.
  61. stand up to (phrasal verb) – defy, confront, challenge, oppose openly, resist.
  62. unfair (adjective) – unjust, inequitable, prejudiced, biased; unequal, uneven.
  63. disallowed (adjective) –  invalidated, overruled, rejected, refused, dismissed.
  64. subsidy (noun) – also called subvention; a financial contribution granted to help an industry or business, mostly given by a government, in order to keep the price of service/goods at a low level.
  65. state-owned (adjective) – government-owned.
  66. enterprise (noun) – business, company, firm.
  67. espionage (noun) – the act of spying; obtaining secret or confidential (political or military) information of a country and/or disclosing it without the permission of that country; undercover work, infiltration, counter-intelligence.
  68. speak out (phrasal verb) – express, articulate, communicate, convey, voice (something straightforwardly & publicly).
  69. perceived (adjective) – understandable, recognisable, noticeable, distinguishable, observable.
  70. aggression (noun) – hostility, belligerence, combativeness, warmongering, hawkishness.
  71. conservative (adjective) – right-wing, reactionary, traditionalist, ultra-right.
  72. hostile (adjective) – opposed, inimical, antagonistic, ill-disposed; confrontational, belligerent, combative.
  73. pushback (noun) – resistance, opposition, disagreement, force back, repulse drive.
  74. geopolitical (adjective) – relating to (the study of) the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources &, etc.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  75. rival (noun) – competitor, opponent.
  76. hold fast (phrase) – believe in an idea/principle and follow it.
  77. elevate (verb) – raise, lift up (to a higher position/level).


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (Promises to keep) – Apr 30, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (Promises to keep) – Apr 30, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Promises to keep) – Apr 30, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Promises to keep) – Apr 30, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Promises to keep) – Apr 30, 2021

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