The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021

The absence of evidence, they say, is not the evidence of absence. More than a month after India-Pakistan border commanders agreed to strictly observe all agreements between the two countries,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021:

  1. backchannel (noun) – a secondary or secret route.
  2. step forward (noun) – improvement, development, advancement, progress.
  3. in place (phrase) – set up, established, ready.
  4. observe (verb) – follow, comply with, abide by, obey, adhere to, conform to. 
  5. far (adverb) – very much, considerably, markedly, significantly.
  6. outweigh (verb) – be greater than; take priority over, prevail over; offset, cancel out.
  7. channel (noun) – means, method, medium, mechanism.
  8. clue (noun) – hint, indication, signal, pointer.
  9. employ (verb) – use, utilize, make use of.
  10. resolution (noun) – solution, settlement, sorting out.
  11. diplomatic (adjective) – (delicate & sensitive) consular, foreign-policy, political.
  12. Indus Water Treaty (IWT) (noun) – Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) was signed on September 19, 1960, between India and Pakistan to share waters from the Indus system of rivers.
  13. granting (noun) – allocation, allotment, issuing.
  14. salutary (adjective) – good, helpful/useful, beneficial, practical, valuable.
  15. strengthen (verb) – increase, make stronger, give strength to, heighten.
  16. stand out (phrasal verb) – be noticeable, be visible, be obvious.
  17. recriminatory (adjective) – counterattacking, countercharging, retaliating, quarreling.
  18. ties (noun) – association, relationship, bond, connection.
  19. strike (noun) – attack.
  20. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity, dearth.
  21. ongoing (adjective) – current, existing, continuing, happening, occurring.
  22. as well as (phrase) – and also, and in addition.
  23. The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) (noun) – The Ministry of External Affairs (abbreviated as MEA) of India, also known as the Foreign Ministry, is the government agency responsible for the conduct of foreign relations of India.
  24. U-turn (noun) – about-turn, a reversal of policy, change of mind/plan, about-face.
  25. rebuttal (noun) – negation, denial, disproving.
  26. credible (adjective) – acceptable, trustworthy, reliable, dependable; believable, plausible, reasonable.
  27. oversee (verb) – supervise, be in charge of, be responsible for, look after, keep an eye on, inspect.
  28. National Security Adviser (NSA) (noun) – the senior official on the National Security Council of India, and the chief adviser to the Prime Minister of India on national security policy and international affairs. Ajit Doval is the current NSA, and has the same rank as a Union Cabinet Minister.
  29. neighbouring (adjective) – adjacent.
  30. facilitate (verb) – make easy, make possible; assist, help/aid.
  31. quite the reverse (phrase) – quite the opposite/contrary; used for saying that something is the opposite of what has been suggested.
  32. non-denial (noun) – a statement that appears to deny that something is true, but which, when examined carefully, can be seen to have used diversion or ambiguity to avoid making a clear, direct denial.
  33. chain (noun) – series, succession, string, sequence (of events).
  34. aghast (adjective) – stunned, shocked, horrified, appalled, afraid, frightened, scared, spooked.
  35. prospect (noun) – probability, possibility, chance; thought, idea.
  36. sanction (verb) – authorize, permit, allow, endorse, approve.
  37. instructional (adjective) – informative, informatory, providing detailed information.
  38. bring to light (phrase) – reveal, disclose, expose/identify.
  39. Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) (noun) – the intelligence agency of Pakistan.
  40. revile (verb) – criticize, censure, condemn.
  41. arm (verb) – provide, supply, equip (with weapons).
  42. Research and Analysis Wing (noun) – the foreign intelligence agency of India.
  43. aground (adverb/adjective) – foundered, grounded, stuck/wrecked.
  44. unorthodox (adjective) –  nonconformist; unconventional, uncommon.
  45. interlocutor (noun) – a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.
  46. envoy (noun) – diplomat, consul, ambassador; representative, delegate, mediator.
  47. hammer out (phrasal verb) – produce, bring about, forge, develop (a plan/agreement) after a lot of work.
  48. contour (noun) – outline, shape, form.
  49. ceasefire (noun) – a negotiated agreement that will be accompanied by other associated commitments to de-escalate the fighting; a temporary stoppage of war, truce, armistice.
  50. shuttle (verb) – come and go, go back and forth, travel back and forth.
  51. speak of (phrasal verb) – mention, talk about, discuss, refer to.
  52. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  53. hand over (phrasal verb) – pass, transfer, assign. 
  54. abound (verb) – be in large numbers; be plentiful, be numerous; be full of.
  55. diplomat (noun) – ambassador, envoy, emissary, consul.
  56. scour (verb) – search, comb, hunt through, look all over.
  57. Line of Control (LoC) (noun) – it is a 450 mile-long military control line lying between India and Pakistan’s controlled parts of the former (under the British) Jammu and Kashmir. This line is not actually a legally recognized international boundary but prevails as per de facto. After the Simla Agreement signed in July 1972, this line was officially renamed as “Line of Control” from “the Cease-fire Line”.
  58. in order to (phrase) – with the purpose/aim of.
  59. work out (phrasal verb) – develop, form, initiate/establish.
  60. tarmac (noun) – a runway; a type of road surfacing material; it refers to airport runway here.
  61. by many/all accounts (phrase) – you believe something is true because other people say so.
  62. account (noun) – description, report, news, narration, narrative.
  63. assume (verb) – take, accept, shoulder (power/responsibility).
  64. reportedly (adverb) – supposedly, seemingly, apparently, allegedly.
  65. soon-to-be (adjective) – potential, possible/probable, likely.
  66. hold off (phrasal verb) – hold back, delay/postpone, resist.
  67. swearing-in (noun) – an official ceremony in which a person is taking the oath and admitted into a new official job.
  68. magnate (noun) – industrialist, tycoon, mogul.
  69. set off (phrasal verb) – give rise to, cause, trigger, prompt, bring about.
  70. falter (verb) – hesitate, delay, be undecided, be irresolute.
  71. preface (verb) – start, begin, introduce (an event by doing something).
  72. ease (verb) – moderate, decrease, lessen, diminish, reduce, lower.
  73. go ahead (phrasal verb) – to proceed, to continue to do something, to start/begin to do something.
  74. dispensation (noun) – system, organization; government.
  75. averse to (adjective) – opposed to, against, hostile to.
  76. as a result (phrase) – subsequently, therefore, thus.
  77. revelation (noun) – disclosure, a surprising fact, declaration, utterance, announcement, report.
  78. to begin with (phrase) – at first, at the outset, at the beginning.
  79. inimical (adjective) – hostile, unfriendly, antagonistic.
  80. neighbour (noun) – a country that is next to another country; (bordering) country.
  81. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  82. inevitable (adjective) – an unavoidable situation, an unpreventable situation.
  83. constraint (noun) – restriction, limitation, restraint.
  84. front (noun) – a specific/particular situation or condition.
  85. the spotlight (noun) – the public attention, the focus of public/media; the public eye.
  86. put the spotlight on (phrase) – to focus on someone or something; bring attention to someone or something.
  87. dire (adjective) – terrible/awful, appalling, distressing.
  88. mounting (adjective) – increasing, growing, rising, escalating.
  89. Financial Action Task Force (FATF) (noun) – The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is the global money laundering and terrorist financing watchdog. The inter-governmental body sets international standards that aim to prevent these illegal activities and the harm they cause to society.
  90. shut down (phrasal verb) – cease activity, close down, cease operation.
  91. safe haven (noun) – refuge, shelter, asylum, place of safety/security.
  92. sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  93. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, precondition, essential requirement.
  94. stand-off (noun) – deadlock, stalemate, impasse (in a dispute/conflict).
  95. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) (noun) – People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the country of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is one of the largest military forces in the world.
  96. Line of Actual Control (LAC) (noun) – the de-facto (effective) border between India and China. The LAC is a 4,057-km border running through three areas-Western (Ladakh, Ladakh (Kashmir)), middle (Uttarakhand, Himachal), and eastern (Sikkim, Arunachal).
  97. two-front situation/challenge (noun) – two-front situation//challenge is something in which attacks take place on two geographically separate fronts.
  98. fuel (verb) – intensify, exacerbate, vitalize.
  99. push (noun) – effort, initiative, drive.
  100. conflagration (noun) – flames, blaze, fire, inferno.
  101. precedence (noun) – priority, preference, first place, primacy.
  102. pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  103. memoir (noun) – autobiography, life story, recollections/experiences.
  104. hawk (noun) – a person who supports an aggressive or warlike policy, (in external/foreign affairs).
  105. dove (noun) – a person who supports a peaceful or conciliatory policy, (in external/foreign affairs).
  106. destiny (noun) – fate, karma.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Through a backchannel, steps forward) – Apr 12, 2021

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