The Hindu Editorial (Enforcing claims) – Apr 12, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (Enforcing claims) – Apr 12, 2021

For several years now, the relationship of the U.S. and India has been marked by their sensitivity to each other’s concerns as they deepened cooperation on strategic issues, and aligned positions on multilateral issues. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Enforcing claims) – Apr 12, 2021.

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The Hindu Editorial (Enforcing claims) – Apr 12, 2021:

  1. enforce (verb) – force, compel, demand, insist on.
  2. claim (noun) – rights, entitlement.
  3. maritime (adjective) – of or related to the sea.
  4. pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  5. mark (verb) – indicate, represent, signify.
  6. sensitivity (noun) – delicacy, subtlety, finesse; oversensitivity.
  7. deepened (adjective) – heightened, reinforced, strengthened, enhanced, augmented.
  8. strategic (adjective) – relating to achieving long-term or overall goals.
  9. aligned (adjective) – united, joined, combined, cooperated, collaborated.
  10. multilateral (adjective) – involving many different countries/parties/organizations.
  11. as a result (phrase) – subsequently, therefore, thus.
  12. Seventh Fleet (noun) – Established on March 15, 1943, it is the largest forward-deployed U.S. fleet with 60 to 70 ships, 300 aircraft and 40,000 Navy and Marine Corps personnel. (“the fleet” means a country’s navy).
  13. destroyer (noun) – a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable, long-endurance warship.
  14. USS John Paul Jones (noun) – a 9,000-tonne American guided missile destroyer and it is over a quarter-century old warship.
  15. traverse (verb) – go across, pass over.
  16. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) (noun) – The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) defines an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) as generally extending 200 nautical miles from shore, within which the coastal state has the right to explore and exploit, and the responsibility to conserve and manage, both living and non-living resources.
  17. in order to (phrase) – with the purpose/aim of.
  18. come as a surprise (phrase) – to make someone feel surprised.
  19. envoy (noun) – representative, delegate, deputy; diplomat, consul, ambassador
  20. assert (verb) – insist on, stand up for, uphold, defend.
  21. nautical mile (noun) – it is a unit of measurement defined as 1.852 kilometres, used on water by sailors and/or navigators in shipping and aviation. It is the average length of one minute of one degree along a great circle (circumference) of the Earth. One nautical mile corresponds to one minute of latitude.
  22. claim (verb) – assert, declare, profess, state.
  23. consistent (adjective) – in agreement with, in line with, conforming to.
  24. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) (noun) – This convention provides the overarching framework for the governance of the oceans. It governs relations among countries on oceans-related issues. It outlines the rights and responsibilities countries have related to the use of the oceans, the seabed and their resources, and the protection of the ocean environment. This Convention was signed on 10 December 1982 and entered into force on 16 November 1994.
  25. Freedom of Navigation (FON) (noun) – a principle of customary (established ) international law that ships flying the flag of any sovereign state shall not suffer interference from other states, apart from the exceptions provided for in international law.
  26. Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPs) (noun) – operations that reinforce internationally-recognized rights and freedoms by challenging excessive maritime claims.
  27. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, implement, execute, bring about.
  28. notably (adverb) – especially, particularly, strikingly, markedly.
  29. diplomatic (adjective) – (delicate & sensitive) consular, foreign-policy.
  30. channel (noun) – means, method, mechanism.
  31. in addition (phrase) – moreover, furthermore, additionally, besides.
  32. contest (verb) – defy, oppose, object to, challenge, dispute.
  33. authorise (verb) – approve, endorse, permit/allow.
  34. manoeuvre (noun) – activity, operation, training exercises.
  35. continental shelf (noun) – the edge/portion of a continent (mainland) that lies under the ocean.
  36. dispose of (verb) – throw away, get rid of, do away with, discard, jettison, abandon.
  37. diplomatically (adverb) – tactfully, sensitively; in a way that involves ambassadors/diplomats between countries.
  38. grapple with (verb) – tackle, confront, deal with, cope with.
  39. standard operating procedure/protocol (SOP) (noun) – a detailed, written document consisting of step-by-step information on routine activities necessary to complete tasks in accordance with specific regulations or standards.
  40. to begin with (phrase) – at first, at the outset, at the beginning.
  41. make clear (phrase) – explain, clarify, elucidate.
  42. belligerence (adjective) – aggressive behaviour, warlike behaviour, determination, resistance, combativeness.
  43. chart (verb) – outline, describe, detail.
  44. course (noun) – plan of action.
  45. primarily (adverb) – basically, especially, particularly.
  46. come into conflict with (phrase) – fall/run foul of, get into trouble, come into conflict with, go against (by not following rules/standards).
  47. ally (noun) – a country/state with an alliance with another one in which they promise to support each other militarily and to defend each other.
  48. tolerate (verb) – accept, swallow, admit of, recognize, acknowledge.
  49. contend with (verb) – grapple with, deal with, take on, cope with.
  50. seek (verb) – ask for, request, demand.
  51. Quad/Quadrilateral (noun) – The ‘Quadrilateral’ is described as four democracies (the United States, Japan, Australia and India) with a shared objective to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region.
  52. stated (adjective) – clearly mentioned/expressed.
  53. objective (noun) – aim, intention, goal.
  54. The Indo-Pacific (region) (noun) – the Indo-Pacific region refers to the confluence (convergence) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, which interconnect in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, and more).

Note:

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (Enforcing claims) – Apr 12, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (Enforcing claims) – Apr 12, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Enforcing claims) – Apr 12, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Enforcing claims) – Apr 12, 2021

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