The Hindu Lead Article (Throttled at the grass roots) – Sep 09, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (Throttled at the grass roots) – Sep 09, 2019

Democratic decentralisation is barely alive in India. Over 25 years after the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments (they mandated the establishment of panchayats and municipalities as elected local governments)… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Throttled at the grass roots) – Sep 09, 2019.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Throttled at the grass roots) – Sep 09, 2019:

  1. throttle (verb) – suppress, control/restrict, stifle.
  2. grass root (noun) – the most basic level of an organisation.
  3. hamstrung (adjective) – counterproductive, ineffective/ineffectual,  futile/pointless.
  4. bidding (noun) – command, order, instruction.
  5. decentralisation (noun) – the process of distributing or dispersing functions, powers, people or things away from a central location or authority.
  6. devolve (verb) – delegate, pass down, transfer/assign.
  7. accountable (adjective) – answerable, responsible.
  8. in spite of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  9. fanfare (noun) – publicity, media attention, display/showiness.
  10. ground (noun) – reason, cause, basis/factor.
  11. devolution (noun) – decentralization, delegation, distribution.
  12. envision (verb) – imagine, visualize, envisage.
  13. imply (verb) – say indirectly, suggest, hint.
  14. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold.
  15. basket (noun) – group.
  16. the wherewithal (noun) – resources, funds, reserves, money.
  17. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute.
  18. not by a long shot (phrase) – by no means, not at all, in no way.
  19. enjoin (verb) – prohibit, ban/bar, prevent.
  20. habitation (noun) – place of residence, house, dwelling (place), abode.
  21. sanitation (noun) – it generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the  safe disposal of human urine and faeces (Courtesy: WHO).
  22. provision (noun) – facilities, services, amenities.
  23. lie in (phrasal verb) – be present, be contained, exist.
  24. set apart (phrasal verb) – distinguish, differentiate, single out/separate.
  25. nail in the coffin (phrase) – an event/action that was considered as a harmful/destructive to something (a situation/person) which is already becoming weak.
  26. furthermore (adverb) – moreover, in addition, additionally.
  27. subsequently (adverb) – afterwards, later on, eventually.
  28. alibi (noun) – defence, justification, explanation.
  29. matrix (noun) – pattern, form; environment/situation.
  30. delimitation (noun) – an act of fixing boundary or limits.
  31. downside (noun) – drawback, disadvantage, stumbling block.
  32. centralisation (noun) – the process of having functions, powers, people or things only in a central location or authority.
  33. a host of (noun) – lot, large number, great quantity.
  34. beaming (adjective) – expression of an emotion (happy, cheerful, smiling/laughing).
  35. homily (noun) – lecture, discourse, talk.
  36. inimical (adjective) – hostile, unfriendly, opposed/unfavourable.
  37. ring fence (verb) – guarantee that (funds allocated for a particular plan) will not be spent on anything else.
  38. taint (verb) – corrupt, infect, damage.
  39. travesty (noun) – misrepresentation, distortion/perversion, poor imitation.
  40. champion (verb) – advocate, promote, support.
  41. outrage (noun) – indignation, fury, anger.
  42. shortchange (verb) – treat unfairly, defraud, deceive, trick.
  43. allege (verb) – declare, affirm, claim.
  44. strike (a) deal (phrase) – to come to an agreement.
  45. behest (noun) – instruction, requirement, wish/desire.
  46. decentralise (verb) – transfer of the power/control (of a department/organisation/government) from a single place to other locations.
  47. erroneously (adjective) – incorrectly, in a mistaken way.
  48. curb (verb) – restrain, restrict, control.
  49. revitalise (verb) – re-energize, strengthen, revive.
  50. erroneous (adjective) – wrong, incorrect, in error.
  51. pretend (verb) – claim, profess, make believe.
  52. cosmetic (adjective) – superficial, outward, external.
  53. facilitate (verb) – make easier, clear the way for, assist/help.
  54. thrust (verb) – force, push, drive.
  55. reluctant (adjective) – unwilling, disinclined, unenthusiastic.
  56. top-down (adjective) – hierarchical; controlled, directed, or organized from the top level.
  57. accountability (noun) – responsibility, liability, answerability.
  58. messy (adjective) – complex, intricate, confused.
  59. appropriate (verb) – allocate, assign, allot, earmark, set apart.
  60. robust (adjective) – strong, powerful, tough.
  61. get off someone’s back (phrase) – to stop bothering/criticizing someone about something.
  62. stay away (phrasal verb) –  avoid, eschew, abstain, fend off/hold off.
  63. hold (someone) to account (phrase) – to require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.bigotry, narrow-mindedness
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Throttled at the grass roots) – Sep 09, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (Throttled at the grass roots) – Sep 09, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (Throttled at the grass roots) – Sep 09, 2019

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