The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021

Few Presidents have tried to alter the fundamentals of American foreign policy since the end of the Second World War like Donald Trump… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021:

  1. unravelling (noun) – explaining, resolving, sorting out.
  2. liberal (adjective) – progressive, forward-thinking, broad-minded, reformist.
  3. globalism (noun) – planning policies on global basics.
  4. Trumpism (noun) – a political ideology, style of governance, political movement and set of mechanisms for governance associated with United States president Donald Trump.
  5. unleash (verb) – let loose, release, set free.
  6. break with (verb) – act in a way that is not in line with others.
  7. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  8. strategist (noun) – someone skilled in planning action/policy (especially in  politics/war).
  9. doctrine (noun) – order, command, rule, decree, directive.
  10. in the driver’s seat (phrase) – in charge, in command, in control, responsible, at the top.
  11. wagon (noun) – carriage, goods vehicle.
  12. decry (verb) – denounce, condemn, criticize.
  13. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (noun) – NATO was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union.
  14. bedrock (noun) – core, basis/base, foundation.
  15. trans- (prefix) – across.
  16. trans-Atlantic (adjective) – concerning/relating to countries on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
  17. pull out (phrasal verb) – withdraw, retreat, get/move out.
  18. multilateral (adjective) – involving many different countries/parties/organizations.
  19. trade/tariff war (noun) – a condition in which a country increase tariffs on foreign goods and impose quota restrictions to restrict other countries’ trade.
  20. foe (noun) – enemy, adversary, opponent, nemesis.
  21. alike (adverb) – equally.
  22. barring (preposition) – except for, with the exception of, apart from, other than, excluding.
  23. normalisation (noun) – the process of bringing something (relationship, ties) back to a normal condition after a war or disagreement.
  24. to one’s credit (phrase) – used to mention that someone deserves praise/admiration.
  25. disruptor (noun) – a person/thing that effects the shift of fundamental expectations and behaviors.
  26. outlive (verb) – outlast, survive, endure, withstand, live through.
  27. unmake (verb) – undo, annul, cancel, reverse, retract; destroy, ruin.
  28. legacy (adjective) – relating to something that has been superseded but is difficult to replace because of its wide use.
  29. take back (phrasal verb) – get back, regain, repossess, reclaim, retrieve, recover.
  30. isolationism (noun) – a policy or doctrine of trying to isolate one’s country from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances, foreign economic commitments, international agreements, and generally attempting to make one’s economy entirely self-reliant.
  31. harp on (phrasal verb) – talk or write/complain continuously and lengthy on a particular subject.
  32. pull back (phrasal verb) – withdraw, retreat, disengage.
  33. catastrophe (noun) – disaster, calamity, mishap, crisis.
  34. Great Depression (noun) – a worldwide economic depression that started in 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s (almost for 10 years until about 1939). Although it originated in the United States, the Great Depression caused drastic declines in output, severe unemployment, and acute deflation in almost every country of the world.
  35. isolationist (adjective) – relating to a person who believes in or advocates isolation (a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries).
  36. progressive (noun) –  reformist, liberal, libertarian, progressionist, leftist.
  37. conservative (adjective) – right-winger, rightist, traditionalist.
  38. imprint (noun) – influence, impression, impact.
  39. root (noun) – basic cause of something.
  40. world/international/global order (noun) – the arrangement of power and authority that provides the system for the conduct of diplomacy and world politics in relation to the entire world.
  41. self-determination (noun) – autonomy, independence, freedom.
  42. rule of law (phrase) – it is described as “a principle of governance in which all persons, institutions and entities, public and private, including the State itself, are accountable to laws that are publicly promulgated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international human rights norms and standards.
  43. capitalist (adjective) – relating to the people with the idea of personal profit and success.
  44. free trade (noun) – a policy to eliminate barriers/limits/regulations against imports and exports.
  45. lay the foundation (phrase) – (figuratively) to create basic ideas from which something bigger evolves.  (literally) to create basic (underground) structures from which something bigger develops.
  46. inter- (prefix) – between.
  47. League of Nations (noun) – The League of Nations was a international organization founded after the Paris Peace Conference (Treaty of Versailles), 1919. The League’s goals included disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation diplomacy and improving global welfare. The League ultimately proved incapable of preventing aggression by the Axis Powers in the 1930s. The onset of the Second World War made it clear that the League had failed in its primary purpose-to avoid any future world war. The United Nations Organization replaced it after World War II and inherited a number of agencies and organizations founded by the League.
  48. unearth (verb) – expose, bring to light, uncover, find out.
  49. strategic (adjective) – relating to achieving long-term or overall (military) goals.
  50. the Cold War (noun) – The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States and a group of countries) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and a group of countries).
  51. bloc (noun) – alliance, association, union.
  52. patronage (noun) – support, backing; favouritism, nepotism, partisanship.
  53. advance (noun) – breakthrough, development, step forward, success.
  54. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; portrayal/account.
  55. embrace (verb) – welcome, accept, adapt.
  56. internationalism (noun) – the state or process of being international.
  57. embody (verb) – include, incorporate, encompass, integrate.
  58. transborder (adjective) – crossing across a border.
  59. pundit (noun) – expert, specialist.
  60. triumphant (adjective) – victorious, successful, winning.
  61. step up (phrasal verb) – increase, augment, strengthen, boost.
  62. prophesy (verb) – predict, foretell, foresee/augur.
  63. normative (adjective) – relating to a standard/norm, particularly of behaviour.
  64. geostrategic (adjective) – relating to the strategy of dealing with geopolitical issues.
  65. charm (noun) – drawing power, attraction.
  66. realm (noun) – area, field, domain (of activity).
  67. adventure (noun) – risky activity.
  68. hard power (noun) – hard power is coercive power executed through military threats and economic incentives and based on tangible resources such as the army or economic strength.
  69. soft power (noun) – soft power is convincing & effective power deriving from attraction and imitation and be based on intangible (non-physical) resources such as culture, ideology, and institutions (Courtesy: E-International Relations (E-IR)).
  70. smart power (noun) – In international relations, the term smart power refers to the combination of hard power and soft power strategies.
  71. regime (noun) – government.
  72. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  73. disintegration (noun) – breakdown, fragmentation, collapse.
  74. strike a deal/bargain (phrase) – to come to an agreement.
  75. militia (noun) – armed forces, military unit, soldiery (from the civil population to support main forces).
  76. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold, champion.
  77. prolonged (adjective) – lengthy, extended, protracted, continuous.
  78. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  79. blow (noun) – shock, surprise; setback/misfortune.
  80. capitalism (noun) – an economic system based on the private ownership; private enterprise, private ownership.
  81. break out (phrasal verb) – flare up, begin/start suddenly, erupt, set in.
  82. guarantor (noun) – supporter, backer.
  83. immigration (noun) – the act of leaving one’s countries and moving to another country of which they are not natives, nor citizens, to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens.
  84. far-right (adjective) – relating to the extreme right wing of a political party or group; extremely conservative, rightist.
  85. anti-immigrant (adjective) – voicing opposition to immigrants (non-natives, foreigners, migrants).
  86. immigrant (noun) – non-native, foreigner, migrant.
  87. Islamophobic (adjective) – (of a person) having an unreasonable fear and dislike of Muslims.
  88. mobilise (verb) – bring (resources) into use for a particular purpose/cause.
  89. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance- called as chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  90. vilify (verb) – censure, insult, criticize.
  91. Brexit (noun) – a term used for the (supposed) departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
  92. manifestation (noun) – display, demonstration, appearance, expression. 
  93. tectonic (adjective) – very important, significant, substantial/considerable, big/major (change/shift/development that will have a strong, global impact all over the place.
  94. under way (adverb) – in progress, happening, taking place.
  95. unsurprisingly (adverb) – as expected.
  96. coincidence (noun) – co-occurrence, coexistence.
  97. myriad (adjective) – a great number, countless, various.
  98. undo (verb) – cancel, reverse, revoke, nullify, invalidate.
  99. Paris Agreement/Accord (noun) – The Paris Agreement builds upon the Convention (agreement) and for the first time brings all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so. The Paris Agreement central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  100. revive (verb) – restore, revitalize, renew, bring back.
  101. globalisation (noun) – the process of making the trade of goods and services equivalent in all nations (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  102. in the name of (phrase) – for the sake of, at the behest of.
  103. hegemony (noun) – leadership, dominance, authority.
  104. fast-diversifying (adjective) – fast-expanding.
  105. elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society.
  106. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  107. globalist  (noun) – the politicians who support globalism.
  108. populist (noun) – the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
  109. current (noun) – course of events, progression, movement.
  110. nationalist (noun) – authoritarian, totalitarian, autocrat.
  111. ascent (noun) – rise.
  112. old order (noun) – an out-of-fashion way of doing things; old government.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (The unravelling of liberal globalism) – Jan 18, 2021

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