The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021

It has been a year since the news of tensions between Indian and Chinese troops on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh first broke. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021:

  1. pave (verb) – cover, surface, finish.
  2. ties (noun) – association, relationship, bond, connection.
  3. grapple with (verb) – tackle, confront, deal with, cope with.
  4. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  5. Line of Actual Control (LAC) (noun) – the de-facto (effective) border between India and China. The LAC is a 4,057-km border running through three areas-Western (Ladakh, Ladakh (Kashmir)), middle (Uttarakhand, Himachal), and eastern (Sikkim, Arunachal).
  6. ingress (noun) – entry, access, means of entry, admission.
  7. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) (noun) – People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the country of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is one of the largest military forces in the world.
  8. imagery (noun) – images collectively.
  9. sparse (adjective) – limited, minimal, meagre, scarce, infrequent, least.
  10. eventually (adverb) – in the end, finally, at last.
  11. plain (noun) – a large area of flat land.
  12. Depsang plains (noun) – The Depsang plains lie south of DBO (Daulat Beg Oldie post) in a strategic area that the military calls Sub-Sector North (SSN). DBO is the country’s northernmost outpost where India operates an advanced landing ground to support its forward military deployments. The Depsang Plains are large plains that are suitable for driving armoured carriers, artillery and mechanised units, which is unusual at the height of about 17,000 feet above sea level. The Depsang plains are strategically important as it provides a flat surface amid the mountainous terrain which can be used by either of the two countries to launch a military offensive, similar to the Spanggur Gap in the Chushul sub-sector.
  13. hot springs (noun) – Hot Springs (Kyam) is the location of an Indian border checkpost operated by Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) in the Chang Chenmo River valley in Ladakh near the disputed border with China. It is so named because there is a hot spring at this location. (hot spring is generally a spring (well head) with water at temperatures substantially higher than the air temperature of the surrounding region).
  14. disengage (verb) – withdraw, pull out, leave, move out, retreat.
  15. face-off (noun) – conflict, clash.
  16. eyeball to eyeball (phrase) – face to face, stare down, outface, stand up to.
  17. confrontation (noun) – clash, conflict, encounter.
  18. disengagement (noun) – withdrawal, departure, retreat (of military troops from an area of conflict).
  19. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  20. walkback (noun) – reversal/withdrawal of a decision.
  21. leverage (verb) – use, make use of, utilize (to maximum gain).
  22. for the sake of (phrase) – for the purpose of, in order to improve/achieve; in the interest of.
  23. flashpoint (noun) – a situation where sudden problems could happen. (In international relations, a flashpoint is an area or dispute that has a strong possibility of developing into a war).
  24. piecemeal (adjective) – disorganized, unplanned, unsystematic, unmethodical, step by step.
  25. rationale (noun) – reason, reasoning/thinking, logic, grounds, basis.
  26. explosive (adjective) – violent, intense, vehement; critical, serious, dangerous, perilous.
  27. escalate (verb) – increase, heighten, intensify; become serious.
  28. play with (phrase) – take advantage of, exploit, make use of, use.
  29. in sight (phrase) – observable, noticeable, visible, recognizable, on view, near at hand.
  30. deny (verb) – reject, abandon, discard.
  31. territory (noun) – sphere, arena, domain.
  32. patrol (verb) – keep guard, keep watch, keep a vigil on.
  33. patrol (noun) – vigil, guard, watch, monitoring.
  34. avowed (adjective) – asserted, declared, admitted, stated publicly.
  35. status quo ante (phrase) – a Latin phrase meaning “the state of affairs existing before” (or) “the way things were before”.
  36. status quo (noun) – a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with respect to social or political issues; the present situation, the current state.
  37. de-escalation (noun) – reduction, lessening, decrease (the intensity of a potentially violent situation).
  38. de-induction (noun) – an act of moving out of troops deployed from an area of conflict.
  39. reiterate (verb) – repeat, say again, restate.
  40. tranquility (noun) – peacefulness, restfulness, calmness, quietness.
  41. unsustainable (adjective) – undefendable, unjustifiable, unacceptable, illogical, irrational.
  42. deployment (noun) – the bringing of resources into effective action.
  43. belie (verb) – contradict, conceal/cover, disguise, misrepresent, falsify.
  44. cognisant (adjective) – aware, well informed about, familiar with.
  45. volatility (noun) – unpredictability, instability, unreliability.
  46. gauge (verb) – judge, assess, evaluate, appraise, analyse.
  47. undertake (verb) – begin, start; engage in, become involved in, take part in.
  48. reorientation (noun) – the act of changing the focus/direction.
  49. geopolitics (noun) – the study of the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources & etc,.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  50. pose (verb) – create, cause, present (a problem or danger or risk).
  51. tricky (adjective) – difficult, awkward, problematic, uncertain.
  52. geopolitical (adjective) – relating to (the study of) the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources &, etc.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  53. exacerbate (verb) – intensify, increase, heighten, aggravate, worsen, compound.
  54. devastation (noun) – destruction, damage, havoc/wreckage.
  55. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  56. vaccine Maitri (noun) – vaccine friendship;  a humanitarian initiative undertaken by the Indian government to provide COVID-19 vaccines to countries around the world.
  57. vaccine diplomacy (noun) – the use of a vaccine to increase diplomatic relationship and influence other countries but also, from a strategic perspective, vaccine access opens the door to expand long-term health security provisions.
  58. backtrack (verb) – backpedal, change one’s mind, do a U-turn, back down.
  59. neighbour (noun) – a country that is next to another country; (bordering) country.
  60. procure (verb) – buy, purchase.
  61. counter (noun) – an alternative & opposite thing to something.
  62. ostensibly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, supposedly.
  63. lynchpin (noun as modifier) – most important, main, focal, central (thing).
  64. Quad/Quadrilateral (noun) – The ‘Quadrilateral’ is described as four democracies (the United States, Japan, Australia and India) with a shared objective to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region.
  65. pledge (noun) – promise, undertaking, oath, agreement, assurance.
  66. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  67. The Indo-Pacific (region) (noun) – the Indo-Pacific region refers to the confluence (convergence) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, which interconnect in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, and more).
  68. influence (noun) – power, authority, sway, leverage, position.
  69. renege (verb) – fail to honour, go back on, default on, break one’s word/promise (a commitment/contract).
  70. COVAX (noun) – COVAX is co-led by Gavi, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), and WHO. Its aim is to accelerate the development and manufacture of COVID-19 vaccines, and to guarantee fair and equitable access for every country in the world.
  71. footing (noun) – state, standing, position.
  72. abysmal (adjective) – very bad, awful, terrible.
  73. anticipate (verb) – expect, foresee, predict.
  74. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
  75. aura (noun) – distinctive character.
  76. emergent (adjective) – emerging, developing, arising. 
  77. tom-tom (verb) – proclaim, announce/voice, boast about.
  78. self-reliance (noun) – self-sufficiency, self-support, self-sustenance.
  79. lay bare (phrasal verb) – reveal, uncover, expose.
  80. vulnerability (noun) – weakness, defencelessness, unprotectedness, susceptibility.
  81. anchor (noun) – mainstay, cornerstone, bulwark.
  82. behest (noun) – instruction, requirement, demand, wish/desire.
  83. presumption (noun) – assumption, supposition, belief/notion, thought, impression.
  84. strain (verb) – hurt, damage, impair.
  85. vagary (noun) – peculiarity, oddity, eccentricity, unpredictability.
  86. hypothesis (noun) – reason, basis, thinking.
  87. oceanic (adjective) – huge, vast.
  88. prowess (noun) – courage, bravery, valour; expertise, mastery, skilfulness.
  89. scenario (noun) – situation, background, context.
  90. at all costs (phrase) – irrespective of the effort needed; whatever happens; at any price; regardless of, in spite of everything.
  91. two-front situation/challenge (noun) – two-front situation//challenge is something in which attack takes place on two geographically separate fronts.
  92. collusive (adjective) – tricky, conspiratorial, deceitful, conniving.
  93. back channel (noun) – a secondary or secret route.
  94. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  95. ceasefire (noun) – a negotiated agreement that will be accompanied by other associated commitments to de-escalate the fighting; a temporary stoppage of war, truce, armistice.
  96. Line of Control (LoC) (noun) – it is a 450 mile-long military control line lying between India and Pakistan’s controlled parts of the former (under the British) Jammu and Kashmir. This line is not actually a legally recognized international boundary but prevails as per de facto. After the Simla Agreement signed in July 1972, this line was officially renamed as “Line of Control” from “the Cease-fire Line”.
  97. contradictory (adjective) – contrary, contrasting, conflicting, inconsistent.
  98. voice (noun) – expression; opinion, view.
  99. flounder (verb) – struggle, have difficulty, be confused, be in difficulties, be in dire straits.
  100. environment (noun) – situation, context, scenario, backdrop.
  101. preoccupation (noun) – absence of mind, distraction, forgetfulness, inattentiveness, heedlessness.
  102. brook (verb) – tolerate, put up with, allow/accept (something like dissent/difference of opinion).
  103. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  104. loom (verb) – emerge, appear, become visible, take a threatening shape.
  105. loom large (phrase) – be imminent/close, about to happen (and something which has a lot of importance/attention).
  106. go by (phrasal verb) – follow, observe something.
  107. spiteful (adjective) – hostile, unfriendly, hateful, vengeful.
  108. reckless (adjective) – careless, thoughtless, incautious, heedless.
  109. couple (verb) – combine, integrate, incorporate, connect.
  110. imminent (adjective) – close/near, about to happen, approaching/impending.
  111. ominous (adjective) – threatening, menacing, inauspicious, unpromising, unfavourable.
  112. assertive (adjective) – bullish, dominant, domineering, authoritative.
  113. in concert (phrase) – acting jointly.
  114. nightmare (noun) – very unpleasant or frightening experience; ordeal, horror, torment.
  115. condolences (noun) – sympathy, solace, comfort, consolation, fellow feeling, understanding, empathy, compassion.
  116. counterpart (noun) – equivalent, equal, fellow.
  117. ambassador (noun) – representative, promoter, campaigner (of a particular activity).
  118. highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize, call attention to.
  119. pledge (verb) – vow, state, promise, affirm.
  120. curiously (adverb) – mysteriously, surprisingly, unexpectedly.
  121. ambiguously (adverb) – unclearly, arguably, dubiously.
  122. explicitly (adverb) – clearly, unequivocally, understandably, without question/doubt.
  123. lay stress on (phrase) – to give importance to; to give attention to.
  124. on a par with (phrase) – as good as, comparable with, equivalent to.
  125. state-owned (adjective) – government-owned.
  126. supply chain (noun) – a network between a company and its suppliers to produce and distribute a specific product to the final buyer.
  127. in tune with (phrase) – in agreement, in accord, in keeping, in accordance.
  128. point scoring (noun) – small victory (over a rival).
  129. reflect (verb) – indicate, show, reveal, exhibit.
  130. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  131. emanate (verb) – emerge, ensue, come out, arise, originate.
  132. contrary to (phrase) – conflicting with, opposed to.
  133. delineate (verb) – outline, delimit, demarcate.
  134. rule out (phrasal verb) – eliminate, reject, dismiss, disregard, prohibit, prevent.
  135. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity, dearth.
  136. churn (noun) – disorder/disorganization, confusion, disruption/chaos.
  137. attendant (adjective) – accompanying, associated, related, connected.
  138. conflagration (noun) – flames, blaze, fire, inferno.


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2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The road from Ladakh is paved with disruptions) – May 17, 2021

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