The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020

The ghost of Pulwama and Balakot (picture) has been exorcised nearly 20 months after the twin events happened (2019). For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020:

  1. extricate (verb) – free, detach, disengage, disconnect.
  2. straitjacket (noun) – restriction, restraint, constraint.
  3. boastful (adjective) – bragging, egotistical, overbearing, full of oneself, big-mouthed.
  4. utterance (noun) – remark, comment, expression, statement.
  5. ghost (noun) – spectre, phantom, spirit.
  6. exorcise (verb) – drive out, expel, rid/ free (evil spirits (ghosts)).
  7. allege (verb) – claim, assert, accuse, charge.
  8. PTI (noun) – Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (“Pakistan Movement for Justice”) is a centrist and populist Pakistani political party and the current ruling party of Pakistan.
  9. imminent (adjective) – close/near, about to happen, approaching/impending.
  10. capitulate (verb) – surrender, give in, yield, submit.
  11. allegation (noun) – charge, accusation, indictment.
  12. all-powerful (adjective) – having total power; dictatorial, despotic, totalitarian, autocratic.
  13. backtrack (verb) – backpedal, change one’s mind, do a U-turn, back down.
  14. the spotlight (noun) – the public attention, the focus of public/media; the public eye.
  15. neighbor (noun) – a country that is next to another country; (bordering) country.
  16. escalation (noun) – intensification; an increase in the intensity of something.
  17. overtake (verb) – overwhelm, overpower, take by surprise.
  18. revival (noun) – comeback, bringing back, re-establishment, reintroduction, restoration.
  19. appraisal (noun) – assessment, evaluation, consideration.
  20. in the midst of (phrase) – in the middle of.
  21. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  22. throwback (noun) – having a characteristic/quality of an earlier time; a return to a previous method of doing something.
  23. see through (phrasal verb) – get/have the measure of, fathom, realize, understand.
  24. narrow (adjective) – narrow-minded, inward-looking, illiberal, parochial.
  25. prism (noun) – a viewpoint which clarifies/distorts something.
  26. utility (noun) – use, usefulness, advantage, benefit.
  27. draw (verb) – reach a conclusion by inference from the circumstances; deduce, infer, conclude, derive, gather. 
  28. seminary (noun) – training college, training institute.
  29. avenge (verb) – take revenge for, take vengeance for, retaliate for.
  30. lead to (verb) – cause, result in, bring on, bring about.
  31. personnel (noun) – staff, employees, workforce.
  32. riposte (noun) – answer, reply, respond.
  33. ensuing (adjective) – following, coming up next, cropping up (after as a result).
  34. aerial (adjective) – happening in the air.
  35. combat (noun) – battle, fighting, war.
  36. gesture (noun) – action, deed, sign.
  37. backroom (adjective) – secret.
  38. whisper (noun) – rumour, gossip, report, speculation.
  39. National Investigation Agency (NIA) (noun) – The National Investigation Agency is a central agency established by the Indian Government to combat terror in India. It is functioning as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency in the country. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is created following the terror attack in Mumbai on December 26, 2008. It came into being on December 31, 2008, with the passage of the NIA Act of 2008.
  40. charge sheet (noun) – an official document on which a police officer enters details of the charge against a person.
  41. intelligence (noun) – (military) information.
  42. standard operating procedure/protocol (SOP) (noun) – a detailed, written document consisting of step-by-step information on routine activities necessary to complete tasks in accordance with specific regulations or standards.
  43. disgraced (adjective) – discredited; having lost respect; having lost credibility
  44. absconding (adjective) – running away, escaping, fleeing.
  45. militant (noun) – activist, extremist, radical, sectarian/partisan.
  46. go-between (noun) – intermediary, middleman, agent, representative, broker/dealer; negotiator, mediator.
  47. conduct (noun) – behaviour, way of behaving, performance.
  48. air strike (noun) – air attack.
  49. unflattering (adjective) – unattractive, unbecoming, ugly, ugly-looking, incorrect.
  50. image (noun) – public perception/impression, persona, public face, character/reputation.
  51. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; portrayal/account.
  52. counterpart (noun) – equivalent, equal (person); fellow, peer.
  53. fumbling (adjective) – awkward, uncoordinated, graceless, blundering.
  54. bumbling (adjective) – incompetent, amateurish, unskilful.
  55. ridiculous (adjective) – pointless, senseless, silly, foolish.
  56. shoot down (phrasal verb) – gun down, hit with a bullet. 
  57. scepticism (noun) – doubt, suspicion/mistrust, wariness, lack of conviction.
  58. defiant (adjective) – aggressive, resistant, obstinate, uncooperative, non-compliant, confrontational, challenging.
  59. deserve (verb) – warrant, justify, merit.
  60. come one’s way (phrase) – happen to someone.
  61. come (off) second best (phrase) – be defeated in a competition.
  62. cast a shadow on (phrase) – spoil, diminish, let down.
  63. report card (noun) – assessment, evaluation, appraisal.
  64. fratricide (noun) – the accidental killing of one’s own forces in war.
  65. partisan (adjective) – biased, prejudiced, one-sided.
  66. apolitical (adjective) – not interested/involved in politics.
  67. in tune with (phrase) – in disagreement, at odds, at variance.
  68. veteran (noun) – (long-serving) expert, seasoned, mature, established/experienced (person in an area of activity).
  69. nationalist (adjective) – patriotic.
  70. commentator (noun) – critic, analyst, observer.
  71. offence (noun) – breach, violation of the law.
  72. take offence (phrase) – be offended, get upset, be annoyed, be miffed.
  73. perceived (adjective) – viewed, regarded, considered, deemed.
  74. slight (noun) – insult, affront, slur.
  75. grave (adjective) – terrible, awful, alarming, gloomy.
  76. misdemeanour (noun) – wrongdoing, evil deed, crime act.
  77. precedent (noun) – model, exemplar, example, pattern; previous example/instance, prior instance.
  78. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  79. lodge (verb) – submit, present, file, enter, register (a complaint/claim/appeal, etc,).
  80. crumble (verb) – disintegrate, collapse, break down, break up, fragment.
  81. judiciary (noun) – a branch of government in which judicial power is vested.
  82. scholar (noun) – academic, intellectual, expert/pundit, learned person.
  83. shy of (adjective) – reluctant to do something.
  84. robust (adjective) – strong, powerful.
  85. impunity (noun) – immunity, exemption/freedom from punishment, special treatment.
  86. bogey (noun) – nightmare/anathema, curse, bane.
  87. template (noun) – model, pattern/example, blueprint.
  88. inject (verb) – introduce, infuse, instil, bring in.
  89. uncertainty (noun) – unpredictability, unreliability, riskiness/precariousness.
  90. hold against (phrasal verb) – think badly of someone because of some fault/wrong thing they did in the past.
  91. on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
  92. Valley (noun) – a low area between hills or mountains typically with a river running through it. Valley is a metonym of Jammu & Kashmir in this context (Metonym is used as an alternative for something else with which it is closely related/associated).
  93. Line of control (LoC) (noun) – it is a 450 mile-long military control line lying between India and Pakistan’s controlled parts of the former (under the British) Jammu and Kashmir. This line is not actually a legally recognized international boundary but prevails as per de facto. After the Simla Agreement signed in July 1972, this line was officially renamed as “Line of Control” from “the Cease-fire Line”.
  94. launch pad (noun) – something (a platform) which sets a particular activity moving in a direction.
  95. surgical strike (noun) – the military attack aimed to cause damage on a particular target with small/no collateral damage to surroundings.
  96. infuse (verb) – add, impart, introduce.
  97. deterrence (noun) – the act of deterring/stopping someone from doing something.
  98. hinterland (noun) – remote areas of a country away from the coastal areas/the banks of major rivers.
  99. punitive (adjective) – disciplinary, corrective, retributive.
  100. threshold (noun) – limit, the level (to react to something).
  101. hindsight (noun) – understanding/realizing a situation/event after it has happened.
  102. gravity (noun) – seriousness, importance/significance, severity. 
  103. counter-threat (noun) – an opposing or retaliatory threat.
  104. escalatory (adjective) – relating to something which make something else more intense or serious.
  105. uncharted (adjective) – unexplored, unknown, unfamiliar, strange.
  106. uncharted territory (phrase) – unknown area.
  107. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  108. press on (phrasal verb) – continue in his/her action.
  109. step back (phrasal verb) – withdraw, disengage, pull out/pull back.
  110. point to (verb) – indicate, suggest, denote.
  111. deescalate (verb) – diminish, lessen/decrease, dwindle (the intensity of a conflict).
  112. miscreant (noun) – law-breaker, wrongdoer, offender.
  113. explosives (noun) – bomb, incendiary device, incendiary.
  114. brink (noun) – edge/verge/end (of something).
  115. shenanigans (plural noun) – deception, double-dealing, dishonesty, cheating, fraudulence.
  116. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  117. bravado (noun) – boldness, bold manner, boasting/bombast, daredevil.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The right lessons from Pulwama and Balakot) – Nov 17, 2020

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