The Hindu Lead Article (The nationalist hindrance to climate actions) – Sep 23, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (The nationalist hindrance to climate actions) – Sep 23, 2019

Can global diplomatic jaw-boning backed by an upsurge of popular youth mobilisation shift the hard economic and political calculus of nations… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The nationalist hindrance to climate actions) – Sep 23, 2019.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The nationalist hindrance to climate actions) – Sep 23, 2019:

  1. hindrance (noun) – obstacle, impediment, block.
  2. hand out (phrasal verb) – distribute, dispense, give out.
  3. diplomatic (adjective) – (delicate & sensitive) consular, foreign-policy, political.
  4. jaw-bone (noun) – one’s position/authority used to pressure (someone) to do something.
  5. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold.
  6. upsurge (noun) – growth, rise, enlargement, expansion.
  7. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing people/resources together for a particular cause.
  8. seek (verb) – try, attempt, aim.
  9. pull off (phrasal verb) – achieve, succeed in, accomplish.
  10. feat (noun) – achievement, accomplishment, triumph.
  11. spur (verb) – stimulate, prompt, propel.
  12. pledge (noun) – promise, word, undertaking/commitment.
  13. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  14. in the face of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  15. mounting (adjective) – increasing, growing, escalating.
  16. stake (noun) – share, interest, involvement/concern.
  17. amid (preposition) – in the middle of, surrounded by; during.
  18. drumroll (noun) – drum-beating; enthusiasm, vehement support; it figuratively means bringing something to public’s attention/notice.
  19. dawn (noun) – beginning, start, inception/conception.
  20. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  21. heat wave (noun) – (a long period of) hot weather, hotness, humidity.
  22. stem (verb) – stop, restrict, control.
  23. upwelling (noun) – gathering strength.
  24. inaction (noun) – negligence, disregard, apathy.
  25. inimical (adjective) – hostile, unfriendly, opposed/unfavourable.
  26. roll back (phrasal verb) – reverse, cancel, repeal/rescind.
  27. pursue (verb) – engage in, follow, conduct.
  28. conducive (adjective) – good for, helpful to, favourable/beneficial/advantageous.
  29. swing/turn the tide (phrase) – reverse the trend of events.
  30. pin hopes on (phrase) – have confidence or trust in someone; rely on, believe in, put one’s faith in.
  31. Paris Agreement/Accord (noun) – The Paris Agreement builds upon the Convention (agreement) and for the first time brings all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so.
  32. champion (noun) – advocate, proponent, supporter.
  33. step up (phrasal verb) – increase, intensify, escalate.
  34. underwhelm (verb) – unsatisfactory, not exciting, disappointing.
  35. net carbon neutral (noun) – the sum of emissions and uptake of carbon through ‘sinks’ such as forests is zero.
  36. carbon sink (noun) – also known as carbon sequestration; a natural environment (forest or reservoir) which absorbs and stores carbon (greenhouse gases) from the atmosphere and thereby maintain a balance. (carbon sequestration is the process by which the forest removes and stores carbon from the atmosphere).
  37. entrenched (adjective) – ingrained, established, embedded.
  38. suasion (noun) – coercion, inducement, prompting.
  39. realm (noun) – area, field, domain (of activity).
  40. diplomacy (noun) – international politics, foreign affairs, foreign policy.
  41. portfolio (noun) – a range of products/services offered.
  42. resilient (adjective) – strong, durable, sturdy.
  43. vulnerable (adjective) – weak, unprotected, feeble.
  44. status quo (noun) – the present situation, the current state, the existing state of affairs.
  45. greenhouse gas (noun) – heat trapping gas; a gas (such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, etc) in the atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation, causing greenhouse effect and warming of Earth’s temperature. (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  46. renewable energy (noun) – energy generated from the natural resources (such as water, wind, solar energy)
  47. muddy the waters (phrase) – make the issue more complicated.
  48. fossil fuel (noun) – non renewable resources (or fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas are formed from the buried /deposited organic materials).
  49. inevitable (adjective) – necessary, compulsory, required.
  50. incoherent (adjective) – unclear, confused, muddled.
  51. at best (phrase) – only, merely, simply.
  52. coherently (adverb) – logically, rationally, conceptually.
  53. laggard (noun) –  someone who makes slow process.
  54. jostle (verb) – battle, struggle, scramble.
  55. override (verb) – disregard/ignore, pay no heed to, overrule/reject (a view, idea, suggestion etc).
  56. congruent (adjective) – in agreement, in harmony, in consistent.
  57. enlightened (adjective) – educated/learned, wise, literate, intellectual.
  58. urbanisation (noun) – a process of creating urban areas.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.bigotry, narrow-mindedness
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The nationalist hindrance to climate actions) – Sep 23, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (The nationalist hindrance to climate actions) – Sep 23, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (The nationalist hindrance to climate actions) – Sep 23, 2019

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