The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021

A week after the first Leaders’ Summit of the Quadrilateral Framework, held on March 12, the message of the virtual meeting between leaders of Australia-India-Japan-the United States was delivered directly to Beijing,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021:

  1. Quad/Quadrilateral (noun) – The ‘Quadrilateral’ is described as four democracies (the United States, Japan, Australia and India) with a shared objective to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region.
  2. mount (verb) – increase, grow, rise, escalate.
  3. nuanced (adjective) – delicate, subtle.
  4. summit (noun) – meeting, conference, conclave.
  5. virtual meeting (noun) – (interactive) online meeting.
  6. Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (noun) – also known as the Communist Party of China (CPC); it is the founding and ruling political party of modern China, officially known as the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
  7. politburo (noun) – the main policy-making committee (standing committee) of a communist party.
  8. accompany (verb) –  attend, conduct, guide, steer.
  9. National Security Adviser (NSA) the United States (noun) – The National Security Advisor serves as the principal advisor to the President of the United States on all national security issues. The National Security Advisor is appointed by the President and does not require confirmation by the United States Senate.
  10. in focus (phrase) – clear-cut, clear, well defined, well-focused.
  11. three-pronged (adjective) – having three different parts.
  12. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  13. play a part/role (phrase) – contribute to, be instrumental in, be a factor in.
  14. albeit (conjunction) – though, even though, however.
  15. soft power (noun) – soft power is convincing & effective power deriving from attraction and imitation and be based on intangible (non-physical) resources such as culture, ideology, and institutions (Courtesy: E-International Relations (E-IR)).
  16. hard power (noun) – hard power is coercive power executed through military threats and economic incentives and based on tangible resources such as the army or economic strength.
  17. smart power (noun) – In international relations, the term smart power refers to the combination of hard power and soft power strategies.
  18. in order to (phrase) – with the purpose/aim of.
  19. editorial (noun) – report, notice, account.
  20. make clear (phrase) – explain, clarify, elucidate.
  21. overlook (verb) – neglect, ignore, disregard, turn a blind eye.
  22. coercion (noun) – it means compelling an individual to act against his/her will by the use of psychological pressure or physical force causing bodily injury; force/pressure, oppression, harassment, intimidation.
  23. harassment (noun) – persecution, persistent annoyance, coercion/intimidation.
  24. aggression (noun) – hostility, belligerence, combativeness, warmongering, hawkishness.
  25. take up (phrasal verb) – pursue something (a matter/subject) later.
  26. preface (verb) – start, begin, introduce (an event by doing something).
  27. as well as (phrase) – and also, and in addition.
  28. The Indo-Pacific (region) (noun) – the Indo-Pacific region refers to the confluence (convergence) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, which interconnect in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, and more).
  29. coincidence (noun) – co-occurrence, coexistence.
  30. concerted (adjective) – united, collective, combined, cooperative; forcible, strong, intense.
  31. ally (noun) – a country/state with an alliance with another one in which they promise to support each other militarily and to defend each other.
  32. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  33. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  34. critical technology (noun) – a technology that is so fundamental to national security or so highly enabling of economic growth.
  35. vaccine diplomacy (noun) – the use of vaccine to increase diplomatic relationship and influence other countries but also, from a strategic perspective, vaccine access opens the door to expand long-term health security provisions.
  36. on board (phrase) – on to a team.
  37. rider (noun) – condition, requirement, provision, restriction.
  38. pharmaceutical (adjective) – relating to aspects like preparation, dispensing, and effective utilization of the medicinal drugs.
  39. prowess (noun) – ability, capability, capacity.
  40. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  41. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  42. COVAX (noun) – COVAX is co-led by Gavi, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and WHO. Its aim is to accelerate the development and manufacture of COVID-19 vaccines, and to guarantee fair and equitable access for every country in the world.
  43. over and above (phrase) – in addition to, on top of, as well as, besides.
  44. vaccinate (verb) – inoculate, administer, introduce (with a vaccine to provide immunity against a disease).
  45. ramp up (phrasal verb) – increase (in amount or number).
  46. bear testimony to (phrase) – bear witness to,  be evidence of, be proof of, prove.
  47. drop (verb) – abandon, discontinue, cancel, give up, discard.
  48. plea (noun) – appeal, petition.
  49. World Trade Organization (WTO) (noun) – an intergovernmental organization that is concerned with the regulation of international trade between nations.
  50. seek (verb) – ask for, request, demand, appeal.
  51. waiver (noun) – deferral, rejection, renunciation (with no stipulations/restrictions).
  52. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, requirement, condition.
  53. Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) (noun) – the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property (IP). It plays a central role in facilitating trade in knowledge and creativity, in resolving trade disputes over IP, and in assuring WTO members the latitude to achieve their domestic policy objectives. It frames the IP system in terms of innovation, technology transfer and public welfare. The Agreement is a legal recognition of the significance of links between IP and trade and the need for a balanced IP system.
  54. containment (noun) – an act of keeping something (harmful) under control (it means quickly identifying cases of coronavirus through testing, placing infected individuals in isolation, tracking who infected persons might have been in contact with and potentially quarantining those who came into contact with infection so that the disease doesn’t continue to spread).
  55. bridge (verb) – join, link, connect, unite.
  56. fractious (adjective) – argumentative, quarrelsome, contentious, controversial, difficult (to control), disagreeable.
  57. Paris Agreement/Accord/pact (noun) – The Paris Agreement builds upon the Convention (agreement) and for the first time brings all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so.
  58. walk out (phrasal verb) – depart, get out, leave suddenly; desert, abandon.
  59. Green Climate Fund (GCF) (noun) – GCF is a unique global platform to respond to climate change by investing in low-emission and climate-resilient development. GCF was established by 194 governments to limit or reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries, and to help vulnerable societies adapt to the unavoidable impacts of climate change. Given the urgency and seriousness of this challenge, GCF is mandated to make an ambitious contribution to the united global response to climate change.
  60. await (verb) – wait for, expect, anticipate, look/hope for.
  61. subsequently (adverb) – afterwards, later on, in due course.
  62. slow down (phrasal verb) – reduce, lessen decrease (one’s activity).
  63. International Solar Alliance (noun) – an alliance of 121 countries initiated by India, most of them being sunshine countries, which lie either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. It is working towards making solar energy available 24/7 at affordable cost to all.
  64. set up (phrasal verb) – establish, create, institute.
  65. dependence on (noun) – reliance on, need for, confidence in.
  66. weigh in (phrasal verb) – to have influence (in a decision/discussion/plan/argument/activity); be important to, carry weight, make an impression on, make a strong contribution to.
  67. data localisation (noun) – the act of storing data on any device that is physically present within the borders of a specific country where the data was generated.
  68. Osaka track (declaration) (noun) – Osaka track is the initiative seeks to standardise rules of global movement of data with enhanced protection for personal information, intellectual property and cybersecurity. Japanese Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe formally declared the launch of Osaka Track at the (2019) G20 summit. The declaration described the Osaka Track as “a process which demonstrates our commitment to promote international policy discussions, inter alia (among other things), international rule-making on trade-related aspects of electronic commerce at the WTO”. 
  69. G-20 (noun) – The G20, formed in 1999, is a group of twenty of the world’s largest economies that meets regularly to coordinate global policy on trade, health, climate, and other issues. It brings together the world’s major advanced and emerging economies. The G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, EU, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, UK and USA. The G20 Countries together represent around 90% of global GDP, 80% of global trade, and two thirds of the world’s population.
  70. go on (phrasal verb) – continue, carry on, proceed.
  71. collaboration (noun) – cooperation, alliance, partnership.
  72. maritime (adjective) – of or related to the sea.
  73. rules-based (adjective) – based on a predetermined set of principles.
  74. set out (phrasal verb) – present, describe, set forth, detail.
  75. stand-off (noun) – deadlock, stalemate, impasse (in a dispute/conflict).
  76. Line of Actual Control (LAC) (noun) – the de-facto (effective) border between India and China. The LAC is a 4,057-km border running through three areas-Western (Ladakh, Ladakh (Kashmir)), middle (Uttarakhand, Himachal), and eastern (Sikkim, Arunachal).
  77. demur (verb) – protest, dissent, differ/disagree.
  78. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  79. non-bilateral (adjective) – not bilateral.
  80. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  81. neighbourhood (noun) – (surrounding) area, region, district/country.
  82. make inroads (in) (phrase) – progress/advance into (a new area/territory).
  83. disengagement (noun) – withdrawal, departure, retreat (of military troops from an area of conflict).
  84. yield (verb) – produce, give, provide.
  85. a long way to go (phrase) – a lot of work to be done before achieving success.
  86. de-escalation (noun) – reduction, lessening, decrease (the intensity of a potentially violent situation).
  87. status quo ante (phrase) – a Latin phrase meaning “the state of affairs existing before” (or) “the way things were before”.
  88. strategic (adjective) – relating to achieving long-term or overall (military) goals.
  89. expend (verb) – spend, disburse, use up, utilize.
  90. unmanned (adjective) – not having a staff.
  91. recurrence (noun) – reappearance, repetition.
  92. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) (noun) – People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the country of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is one of the largest military forces in the world.
  93. incursion (noun) – intrusion, trespass, infiltration.
  94. potent (noun) – strong, powerful, vigorous, forceful.
  95. territorial (adjective) – relating to a particular territory (area/region); geographical.
  96. two-front situation/challenge (noun) – two-front situation//challenge is something in which an attack takes place on two geographically separate fronts.
  97. continental (adjective) – belonging to a continent (mainland).
  98. perception (noun) – understanding, thought, impression, feeling.
  99. prioritise (verb) – make a point of, highlight, call attention to (something as very important).
  100. afield (adverb) – to a distance.
  101. multilateral (adjective) – involving many different countries/parties/organizations.
  102. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) (noun) – The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China). The SCO currently comprises eight Member States (China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) and is seen as a counterweight to NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organization). It was established as a multilateral association to ensure security and maintain stability across the vast Eurasian region, join forces to counteract emerging challenges and threats, and enhance trade, as well as cultural and humanitarian cooperation.
  103. BRICS countries (plural noun) – the acronym coined to associate five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. The BRICS members are known for their significant influence on regional affairs.
  104. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) (noun) – Established in 1985, it is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of states in South Asia. Its member states are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
  105. Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) (noun) – a regional organization comprising seven Member States lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity. This sub-regional organization came into being on 6 June 1997 through the Bangkok Declaration. It constitutes seven Member States: five deriving from South Asia, including Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and two from Southeast Asia, including Myanmar and Thailand.
  106. strategic autonomy (noun) – strategic autonomy is defined as the ability to set priorities and make decisions in matters of foreign policy and security, together with the institutional, political and material wherewithal (resources/funds) to carry these through – in cooperation with third parties, or if need be alone.
  107. narrow (verb) – reduce, curtail, cut down, lessen, lower, decrease.
  108. ideology (noun) – a system of belief, set of principles.
  109. diamond of democracy (noun) – it is the ideology of the Quad.
  110. insist (on) (verb) – ask for, request, press/push for.
  111. exclusivity (noun) – the quality of being exclusive.
  112. speak of (phrasal verb) – mention, talk about, discuss, refer to.
  113. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  114. evolve (verb) – develop, progress, advance gradually.
  115. dictates (noun) – order, command, decree; principle, guiding principle, rule, regulations.
  116. frustrate (verb) – obstruct, impede, hamper, hinder, thwart.
  117. proponent (noun) – advocate, supporter, upholder/promoter.
  118. fellow (adjective) – equal, equivalent.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The message in Alaska, from Washington to Beijing) – Mar 20, 2021

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