The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021

In the 2016 Assam Assembly elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)’s promise to implement the Assam Accord in letter and spirit helped it win the overwhelming support of a vast section of Assamese voters… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021:

  1. ground report (noun) – the report from the ground (a particular area/place where an activity/work really happens).
  2. duel (noun) – contest, competition, match, battle.
  3. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with a narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance-called chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  4. subsume (verb) – include, incorporate, absorb, encompass.
  5. distinctive (adjective) – unique, individual, exclusive, special/particular.
  6. identity (noun) – a social category, a set of persons marked by a label and distinguished by rules deciding membership and (alleged) characteristic features or attributes; individuality, character, originality.
  7. Assam accord (noun) – The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement signed by the Governments of India and Assam, and the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) and the All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad (AAGSP) in New Delhi on August 15, 1985. At the heart of the Accord was the “Foreigners Issue” (Clause 5), and “Safeguards and Economic Development” (Clauses 6 and 7). There were some “Other Issues” (Clauses 8-12), and a section on “Restoration of Normalcy” (Clauses 13 and 14).
  8. letter and spirit (phrase) – adhering to/obeying both literal interpretation/wording and the spirit/intent/purpose of the law.
  9. overwhelming (adjective) – very great/large, huge, enormous.
  10. enable (verb) – permit, allow, facilitate.
  11. springboard (noun) – something which provides support or motivation to do a particular course of action.
  12. further (verb) – promote, advance; accelerate, step up; push, encourage.
  13. machinations (noun) – schemes/plots, tricks, tactics, intrigues, conspiracies.
  14. subnational (adjective) – relating to a region or group of people within a nation.
  15. linguistic (adjective) – relating to language; lingual.
  16. submissive (adjective) – non-resisting, compliant, yielding, obedient, accommodating.
  17. multi-point (adjective) – having many points.
  18. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; report, statement, portrayal/account.
  19. plank (noun) – a fundamental point.
  20. Mahajot (noun) – Bengali word meaning “Grand Alliance”.
  21. discourse (noun) – discussion, conversation, communication, expression.
  22. centre around (verb) – focus, concentrate, pivot, hinge on.
  23. polarising (adjective) – dividing, separating, parting.
  24. notwithstanding (conjunction) – although, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, even though.
  25. Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks to grant citizenship to religious minorities of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, who had to flee their homeland facing persecution. The six minority groups that have been specifically identified are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians, and Parsis.
  26. cement (verb) – establish something firmly.
  27. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision-making progress within a specific group.
  28. infiltrator (noun) – intruder, invader, trespasser, encroacher.
  29. bid (noun) – attempt, effort, endeavour/try.
  30. polarise (verb) – separate into two opposing groups.
  31. suit (verb) – adjust, adapt, modify
  32. constituent (noun) – integral part/unit.
  33. autonomous (adjective) – independent.
  34. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, requirement, condition.
  35. Sixth Schedule (noun) – Sixth Schedule allows constitution (formation) of Autonomous District Councils in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura & Mizoram to safeguard the rights of tribal population. The Sixth Schedule consists of provisions for the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram, according to Article 244 of the Indian Constitution.
  36. purview (noun) – range, scope, ambit, compass.
  37. quest (noun) – pursuit, search.
  38. turn the tide (phrase) – to change/reverse a situation.
  39. Vision Document (noun) – a document that defines the high-level scope and the purpose of the system or project.
  40. play a part/role (phrase) – contribute to, be instrumental in, be a factor in.
  41. make inroads in (phrase) – progress/advance into (a new area/territory).
  42. consolidate (verb) – bring together, combine, unite, merge, integrate.
  43. erode (verb) – (gradually) deteriorate, destroy, spoil.
  44. base (noun) – In politics, the term base refers to a group of voters who always support a single party’s candidates for elected office.
  45. migrant (noun) – a person who moves from one region to another – either within a country or across national borders in order to find work or better living conditions.
  46. ideological (adjective) – relating to a system of ideas.
  47. intention (noun) – aim, purpose, objective. 
  48. run-up to (noun) – a period of time just before an important event.
  49. erstwhile (adjective) – old, previous, former, then.
  50. refugee (noun) – displaced person, asylum seeker.
  51. landmass (noun) – continent; a large area of land.
  52. cut-off date (noun) – the date at which a process/course of action is stopped (from continuing).
  53. clause (noun) – provision, section, stipulation, condition.
  54. distinguish (verb) – differentiate, separate, set apart, make different.
  55. stipulate (verb) – specify, demand, state (as a requirement).
  56. expulsion (noun) – removal, dismissal, exclusion.
  57. secular (adjective) – non-religious.
  58. pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  59. stumbling block (noun) – drawback, disadvantage, issue.
  60. apprehensive (adjective) – anxious, worried, concerned, strained, stressed, frightened.
  61. existential (adjective) – relating to existence.
  62. resistance (noun) – opposition, refusal, denial.
  63. wary (adjective) – cautious, careful, circumspect.
  64. seek (verb) – ask for, request, appeal; try to obtain.
  65. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  66. culmination (noun) – climax, conclusion, end.
  67. Assam Movement (noun) – The historic Assam movement was one of the famous movements in post-colonial India mainly led by students of Assam. This movement was started in 1979 under the leadership of All Assam Students Union (AASU) and the All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad (AAGSP) and officially ended on 15 August, 1985 after coming of an understanding with the Government of India which found official expression in the memorandum of understanding popularly known as the Assam Accord 1985.
  68. manipulation (noun) – controlling or influencing someone/something cleverly; tactic, trick, plan, scheme, intrigue.
  69. enactment (noun) – passing, making law, ratification.
  70. electoral (adjective) – relating to electors/voters.
  71. reflective (adjective) – providing a reflection/indication/display/demonstration; thoughtful, contemplative, pensive.
  72. core constituency (noun) – the most important group or groups supporting an ideology, political party, officeholder, or candidate, and whose continuing support is crucial for survival and success.
  73. at a crossroads (phrase) – at a situation when an important decision ought to be made.
  74. binary (noun) – something having two parts.
  75. subnationalism (noun) – support for a particular region within a nation instead of it for a whole nation.
  76. borne past participle of bear (verb) – create, bring forth, produce.
  77. trajectory (noun) – track/course, route, path, direction, approach.
  78. aegis (noun) – protection, support, backing, supervision, guidance of a person, group, or organisation.
  79. character (noun) – status, position, image; role, part.
  80. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold, champion.
  81. mobilise (verb) – bring (resources) into use for a particular purpose/cause.
  82. float (verb) – launch, introduce, establish, set up.
  83. forefront (noun) – fore, front, front line.
  84. at/in/to the forefront of (phrase) – be in a leading/front/important position in an important activity; spearhead, van guard, front line, leading position.
  85. parallel (adjective) – equivalent, similar.
  86. stream (noun) – crowd, multitude, horde, mass (of people moving in a direction). 
  87. National Investigation Agency (NIA) (noun) – The National Investigation Agency is a central agency established by the Indian Government to combat terror in India. It is functioning as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency in the country. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is created following the terror attack in Mumbai on December 26, 2008. It came into being on December 31, 2008, with the passage of the NIA Act of 2008.
  88. alleged (adjective) – supposed, claimed, professed, purported.
  89. forge (verb) – form, create, establish, set up.
  90. allege (verb) – claim, accuse, charge.
  91. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  92. prospects (noun) – possibilities, chances, opportunities.
  93. refrain from (verb) – stop oneself, abstain, desist from, hold back.
  94. catapult (verb) – propel, launch, send, loft.
  95. instal (verb) – establish, position, put in place.
  96. scrapping (noun) – removal.
  97. Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunal) Act, 1983 (noun) – An Act to provide for the establishment of Tribunals for the determination, in a fair manner, of the question whether a person is an illegal migrant to enable the Central Government to expel illegal migrants from India and for matters connected therewith.
  98. spell (verb) – lead to, result in, bring about, bring on, cause.
  99. pie (noun) – share, a portion (of the whole).
  100. tenure (noun) – incumbency, a term of office, a period in office.
  101. rhetoric (noun) – the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  102. woo (verb) – seek the support of, try to win, try to attract, pursue, persuade, coax.
  103. indigenous (adjective) – native/local; original.
  104. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  105. harp on (phrasal verb) – talk or write/complain continuously and lengthy on a particular subject.
  106. demographic (adjective) – the statistical study/structure of populations, especially human beings.
  107. dub (verb) – call, tag, term, label.
  108. civilisation (noun) – culture, enlightenment, way of life.
  109. census (noun) – an official survey, particularly of a population.
  110. reiterate (verb) – repeat, say again, restate.
  111. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, comprise, form, represent.
  112. perception (noun) – understanding, thought, impression, feeling.


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2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.  
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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The ground report in the Assam duel) – Mar 22, 2021

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