The Hindu Editorial (Rising poverty) – Mar 22, 2021
A new study by the Pew Research Center estimates that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a disproportionately deleterious impact on living standards in India and China in 2020, with the sharp economic contraction… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Rising poverty) – Mar 22, 2021.
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The Hindu Editorial (Rising poverty) – Mar 22, 2021:
- pandemic-induced (adjective) – caused/produced by the pandemic.
- pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
- disparity (noun) – imbalance, inequality, unevenness, disproportion.
- spurt (noun) – sudden increase, rise, surge.
- nascent (adjective) – just beginning, developing, emerging, rising, burgeoning.
- Pew (noun) – The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American think tank (referring to itself as a “fact tank”) based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
- disproportionately (adverb) – inordinately, immoderately, excessively.
- deleterious (adjective) – harmful, damaging, adverse, disadvantageous, unfavourable, unfortunate, undesirable.
- contraction (noun) – In economics, it refers to a decline in national output as measured by gross domestic product.
- as many as (phrase) – considerable, substantial.
- ranks (noun) – the people belonging to a (particular) group.
- in contrast (phrase) – when compared to another.
- in absolute terms (phrase) – measured by itself, not in comparison with other things.
- posit (verb) – put forward, set forth, present, propose.
- swell (verb) – grow larger, grow greater, increase, expand, rise (in number).
- reverse (verb) – alter, change, undo, cancel, invalidate.
- preceding (adjective) – previous, prior, earlier.
- likely (adjective) – possible, probable, to be expected.
- inch up (verb) – move upwards very slowly; increase, rise/raise, advance, ascend very slowly.
- project (verb) – forecast, predict, estimate, calculate.
- shrink (verb) – lessen, reduce, decrease.
- cohort (noun) – group of people (within a particular category/classification).
- absent (adjective) – without, missing, lacking, non-existent.
- deem (verb) – think, believe to be, feel to be.
- narrow (verb) – reduce, lessen, lower, decrease.
- pre-pandemic (noun) – before pandemic.
- projection (noun) – forecast, prediction, calculation.
- PovcalNet (noun) – it is an interactive computational tool that allows you to replicate the calculations made by the World Bank’s researchers in estimating the extent of absolute poverty in the world.
- acknowledge (verb) – admit, accept, realize.
- assumption (noun) – supposition, speculation, hypothesis, postulation.
- base year (noun) – In the calculation of an index, the base year is the year with which the values from other years are compared.
- serve (verb) – act as.
- stark (adjective) – clear, distinct, evident, obvious, striking.
- comparative (adjective) – relative, comparable, proportional.
- neighbour (noun) – a country that is next to another country; (bordering) country.
- spotlight (verb) – focus attention on, highlight, draw attention to, underline, underscore.
- widening (adjective) – increasing.
- inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
- exacerbate (verb) – intensify, increase, heighten, aggravate, worsen, compound.
- bear the brunt (phrase) – to suffer or endure the worst part of something (force/burden/pressure) when a very bad or unpleasant thing happens.
- in the wake of (phrase) – as a result of, in the aftermath of, as a consequence of.
- lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
- fiscal policy (noun) – in simple terms, it is an estimate of taxation and government spending that impacts the economy.
- redress (verb) – rectify, correct, put right, set right, compensate.
- precarity (noun) – the state of being uncertain/insecure/unsafe.
- underwhelming (adjective) – unsatisfactory, not exciting, disappointing.
- perspective (noun) – position, stand, angle, interpretation.
- revive (verb) – reintroduce, restore, revitalize, renew, bring back.
- rekindle (verb) – revive, renew, restore.
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act/Scheme (MGNREGA), 2005 (noun) – an Indian labour law and social security measure that aims to guarantee the ‘right to work’. It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
- testimony (noun) – evidence, proof, attestation/witness, sworn statement.
- hinterland (noun) – remote areas of a country away from the coastal areas/the banks of major rivers.
- onset (noun) – start, beginning, arrival.
- disconcertingly (adverb) – unsettlingly, disturbingly, worryingly.
- stymie (verb) – prevent, stop, hamper, thwart, impede, hinder.
- traction (noun) – popularity, acceptance.
- slide (verb) – fall, descend, decline.
- jump (verb) – rise, go up, soar, surge
- dramatically (adverb) – greatly, largely.
- livelihood (noun) – means of making a living with the basic necessities (food, water, shelter, and clothing); means of support, subsistence, source of income.
- playbook (noun) – strategies.
- to the hilt (phrase) – completely, totally, entirely.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
The Hindu Editorial (Rising poverty) – Mar 22, 2021: