The Hindu Lead Article (The absentee constitutional court) – Sep 12, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (The absentee constitutional court) – Sep 12, 2019

‘Ultimately, the object of depriving a few of their liberty for a temporary period has to be to give to many the perennial fruits of freedom.’ For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The absentee constitutional court) – Sep 12, 2019.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The absentee constitutional court) – Sep 12, 2019:

  1. absentee (noun) – a person who is absent from duty.
  2. uphold (verb) – confirm, endorse/approve, vindicate/validate.
  3. duck (verb) – avoid, dodge, evade/eschew.
  4. evade (verb) – avoid, dodge, escape.
  5. adjourn (verb) – postpone, put off, defer/delay.
  6. ultimately (adverb) – eventually, in the end, essentially.
  7. deprive (verb) – dispossess, strip, divest, relieve.
  8. perennial (adjective) – everlasting/unending, endless, permanent.
  9. the fruits (noun) – reward, benefit, advantages.
  10. habeas corpus (noun) – Latin phrase meaning literally “that you have the body”. The court order to bring the person (in custody/detention) to the court to decide on the imprisonment is legal or illegal.
  11. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government which enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  12. supremacy (noun) – dominance, superiority, advantage.
  13. peril (noun) – danger, jeopardy, risk/difficulty.
  14. subordinate (verb) – treat or regard as of lesser importance.
  15. curtail (verb) – reduce, diminish, decrease.
  16. presumption (noun) – assumption, supposition, belief/expectation, conclusion.
  17. detention (noun) – confinement/incarceration, captivity, custody.
  18. hollowness (noun) – emptiness/untruthfulness, falseness, hypocrisy.
  19. excesses (noun) – uncontrolled/unrestricted behaviour.
  20. reveal (verb) – disclose, exhibit, show.
  21. under (the) cover of (phrase) – with protection, secretly.
  22. come to light (phrase) – reveal, disclose, expose.
  23. dissident (noun) – rebel/dissenter, objector, protester.
  24. stark (adjective) – (unpleasantly) clear, distinct/ evident; harsh, grim.
  25. checks and balances (plural noun) – a system in which all departments of a government organization have right to amend/limit the powers of the other departments in order to avoid dominance of one department.
  26. accountable (adjective) – answerable, responsible.
  27. infringe (verb) – encroach , impinge, undermine.
  28. accountability (noun) – responsibility, liability, answerability.
  29. sought past and past participle of seek (verb) – try, attempt, aim.
  30. betray (verb) – inform against, reveal, disclose.
  31. chastened (verb) – restrained, tamed, flattened.
  32. overrule (verb) – cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal.
  33. fathom (verb) – a unit of length equal to six feet (1.8 metres).
  34. resurrection (noun) – revival/renewal, restoration, re-establishment.
  35. erect (verb) – create, establish, form/set up.
  36. rational (adjective) – coherent, logical, reasoned.
  37. dissenting (adjective) – disagreeing objecting, protesting.
  38. lie in (phrasal verb) – be present, be contained, exist.
  39. insidious (adjective) – stealthy, tricky, underhand/dishonest.
  40. encroachment (noun) – infiltration of, appropriation of, infringement of.
  41. zeal (noun) – passion, eagerness, dedication.
  42. deference (noun) – respect, consideration, regard.
  43. lockdown (noun) – confinement, restraint, encirclement.
  44. downgrade (verb) – decline, lower in status, reduce in rank.
  45. in this day and age (phrase) – at the present time, nowadays, these days.
  46. Brussels (noun) – The headquarters of the European Union. Brussels is a metonym of the European Union.
  47. cut off (phrasal verb) – interrupt, discontinue, break off.
  48. on the one hand (phrase) – as an alternative, as another option/substitute.
  49. vehemently (adverb) – forcefully, fiercely/vigorously, intensely.
  50. under/in the guise of (phrase) – incognito as, camouflaged as, disguise as
  51. take away (phrasal verb) – remove, dismiss, take out.
  52. inherently (adverb) – naturally, basically, intrinsically.
  53. disproportionate (adjective) – inordinate, unreasonable, excessive.
  54. infringement (noun) – encroachment, disruption, breach.
  55. point (verb) – indicate, suggest, signal/signify.
  56. irrationality (noun) – illogicality, stupidity/absurdity, pointlessness.
  57. ground (noun) – reason, cause, basis/factor.
  58. ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
  59. reiteration (noun) – the process of repeating something (some action) for clarity/emphasis.
  60. conspicuously (adverb) – prominently, mainly, importantly (to attract attention).
  61. striking (adjective) – noticeable, obvious, evident.
  62. echo (noun) – sign, indication, hint.
  63. grotesquely (adverb) – in a shockingly inappropriate manner.
  64. bizarre (adjective) – strange, unusual, unconventional/eccentric.
  65. perversion (noun) – distortion, misrepresentation, falsification/misinterpretation.
  66. come up (phrasal verb) – occur, happen, emerge.
  67. call upon (phrasal verb) – demand, require, ask formally.
  68. allegedly (adverb) – supposedly, purportedly, reportedly.
  69. fashion (verb) – make, create, build.
  70. ad hoc (adjective) – emergency, when necessary, impromptu.
  71. adjudicate (verb) – judge, give a verdict on; decide, settle/resolve.
  72. evasion (noun) – dodging, bypassing/sidestepping, circumvention.
  73. status quo (noun) – the present situation, the current state, the existing state of affairs.
  74. writ (noun) – summons, warrant, court order.
  75. insidious (adjective) – stealthy, tricky, underhand/dishonest.
  76. hold (someone) to account (phrase) – to require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.
  77. stealth (noun) – secrecy, covertness, secretiveness..
  78. playwright (noun) – dramatist, writer, scriptwriter.
  79. timeless (adjective) – classical, lasting, ageless.
  80. tyranny (noun) – absolute power, autocracy, dictatorship.
  81. investiture (noun) – inauguration, appointment, swearing in.
  82. tsar (noun) – ruler, sovereign, king.
  83. utter (verb) – express, articulate, speak, say.
  84. amid (preposition) – in the middle of, surrounded by; during.
  85. clash of arms (phrase) – fight.
  86. silence (verb) – suppress, quieten, stop.
  87. in one’s own right (phrase) – because of one’s own claims/qualifications/efforts rather than someone else.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from, narrow-mindedness
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The absentee constitutional court) – Sep 12, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (The absentee constitutional court) – Sep 12, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (The absentee constitutional court) – Sep 12, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (The absentee constitutional court) – Sep 12, 2019

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