The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021

A major concern in contemporary Indian development is the widening socio-economic disparity across groups and regions. Even when regions perform relatively better in one developmental dimension,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021:

  1. peril (noun) – danger, jeopardy, risk.
  2. emphasis (noun) – importance, significance; priority, insistence.
  3. welfare (noun) – social security, state benefit, benefit payment, public assistance.
  4. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  5. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  6. contemporary (adjective) – modern, present-day.
  7. socio-economic (adjective) – relating to the interaction of social (position, rank, or importance) and economic (income, pay, and wealth) aspects.
  8. disparity (noun) – imbalance, inequality, unevenness, disproportion.
  9. relatively (adverb) – comparatively, proportionately, somewhat, to a certain extent/degree.
  10. dimension (noun) – aspect, feature, side, element.
  11. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  12. attain (verb) – achieve, accomplish, reach.
  13. back (verb) – support, assist, endorse, favour.
  14. dynamism (noun) – strength, powerfulness, potency/efficacy.
  15. productive (adjective) – useful, profitable, valuable, effective, beneficial, helpful.
  16. accompany (verb) – occur with, co-occur with, coincide with, coexist with.
  17. commensurate (adjective) – equivalent, equal, corresponding, comparable, proportional.
  18. well being (noun) – healthy state/condition.
  19. exemplify (verb) – clarify, represent, illustrate (as an example).
  20. paradox (noun) – contradiction, mystery, conundrum, anomaly.
  21. trickle-down approach (noun) – an approach to pass on benefits to the people at the bottom of the pyramid (by those at top of the system).
  22. surplus (noun) – excess, oversupply, overabundance.
  23. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  24. trajectory (noun) – track/course, route, path, direction, approach.
  25. buck (verb) – resist, oppose, contradict, defy, go against.
  26. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing forces/people/resources together for a particular cause.
  27. populist (adjective) – relating to the political approach which claims that it is representing the common/ordinary people.
  28. inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
  29. inclusive (adjective) – all-embracing, all-inclusive, with everyone included, comprehensive.
  30. modernisation (noun) – improvement, refurbishment, remodeling, revamping.
  31. abuzz (adjective) – filled with excitement, exciting experience, thrill.
  32. seldom (adverb) – hardly, rarely, almost never.
  33. take note (phrase) – pay attention, take into consideration, watch.
  34. at stake (phrase) – at issue, at risk; or in question.
  35. institutionalise (verb) – set up a standard practice (in an organisation/culture).
  36. foster (verb) – encourage, promote, develop.
  37. comparatively (adverb) – relatively.
  38. characteristic (noun) – attribute, feature, quality, aspect.
  39. analytical (adjective) – systematic, logical, methodical, organized.
  40. distinction (noun) – difference, differentiation, variation.
  41. pertain to (verb) – concern, relate to, be connected with.
  42. public good (phrase) – the benefit, advantage, or well-being of the public.
  43. redistributive (adjective) – relating to the transfer of income and wealth (including physical property) from some individuals to others by means of a social mechanism such as taxation, charity, welfare, public services and etc.
  44. affirmative action (noun) – it means positive steps taken to increase the representation of (women and) minorities in areas of employment, education, and culture from which they have been historically excluded.
  45. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, precondition, essential requirement.
  46. absolute poverty (noun) – Absolute poverty is when household (family) income is below a certain level, which makes it impossible for the person or family to meet basic needs of life including food, shelter, safe drinking water, education, healthcare, etc.
  47. subsidy (noun) – also called subvention; a financial contribution granted to help an industry or business, mostly given by a government, in order to keep the price of service/goods at a low level.
  48. elite (noun as modifier) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society.
  49. bias (noun) – prejudice, partiality; unfairness, one-sidedness.
  50. scholar (noun) – academic, intellectual, expert/pundit, learned person.
  51. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
  52. bias (verb) – prejudice, influence, sway; incline, bend.
  53. privilege (verb) – grant a right/advantage, give an advantage/benefit.
  54. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  55. universalise (verb) – make (something) available for all.
  56. tertiary care/hospital (noun) – highly specialized medical care.
  57. primary health care (noun) – it is a whole-of-society approach to health and well-being centred on the needs and preferences of individuals, families and communities. It addresses the broader determinants of health and focuses on the comprehensive and interrelated aspects of physical, mental and social health and well being (Courtesy: WHO)
  58. public intervention (noun) – government involvement.
  59. emphasise (verb) – draw attention to, put stress on, underscore, highlight.
  60. go back (to) (phrasal verb) – revert to, return.
  61. well known (adjective) – familiar, popular, notable/prominent.
  62. infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure for something (to function properly).  
  63. reservation (noun) – a system of affirmative action in India that provides historically disadvantaged groups representation in education, employment, and politics.
  64. enable (verb) – permit, allow, facilitate.
  65. broad-based (adjective) – wide-ranging, general.
  66. indicator (noun) – measure, index, gauge.
  67. fertility rate (noun) – a rate that measures the average number of children per woman.
  68. mortality rate (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate of death.
  69. outcome (noun) – result, effect, consequence.
  70. taskforce (noun) – unit, crew, outfit, section (mainly arranged for a task).
  71. pool (noun) – a group of people available for work (when needed as a resource).
  72. personnel (noun) – staff, employees, workforce.
  73. democratise (verb) – make something available to everyone.
  74. case in point (phrase) – example, instance, typical case, sample.
  75. pioneer (verb) – develop, introduce, start/begin.
  76. provision (noun) – supplying, providing, supply/delivery, furnishing, giving, allocation, distribution.
  77. household (noun) – family, house.
  78. incur (verb) – be subject to, meet with, bring upon oneself, to become liable.
  79. out of pocket payments (OOPs) (phrase) – OOPs are defined as direct payments made by individuals to health care providers at the time of service use.
  80. attainment (noun) – accomplishment, achievement, effecting.
  81. sustain (verb) – uphold, approve, validate, ratify, vindicate, confirm.
  82. perception (noun) – understanding, thought, impression, feeling.
  83. entrepreneur (noun) – businessman, businesswoman, business person.
  84. task with (verb) – assign a task to.
  85. mobilise (verb) – bring (resources) into use for a particular purpose/cause.
  86. capital accumulation (noun) – the growth in wealth through investments or profits.
  87. in addition (phrase) – as well as, additionally, moreover.
  88. diffusion (noun) – distribution, spreading, dispersal, dissemination.
  89. immune (adjective) – resistant (from the effects of something).
  90. formal/organised sector (noun) – formal economy; it is the part of an economy that is taxed and monitored by the government.
  91. informal/unorganized sector (noun) – informal economy, grey economy; it is the part of an economy that is neither taxed, nor monitored by any form of government.
  92. dynamic (adjective) – modern, liberal, advanced, forward-looking.
  93. due to (phrase) – because of, owing to, on account of, as a result of.
  94. bargaining power (noun) – the relative ability of parties in a situation to exert influence over each other.
  95. embed (verb) – incorporate, include; insert/fix.
  96. solidarity (noun) – unity, unanimity, harmony, cooperation.
  97. advance (noun) – breakthrough, development.
  98. aid (verb) – facilitate, help, assist.
  99. offset (verb) – even up, counterbalance, equalize, neutralize; make amends for, compensate for.
  100. hand-in-hand (phrase) – together, in partnership, closely.
  101. sequential (adjective) – continuous, consecutive, uninterrupted.
  102. imbalance (noun) – disparity, variation, disproportion, unevenness, lopsidedness.
  103. asymmetry (noun) – lack of equality, non-uniformity, unevenness, lack of symmetry.
  104. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  105. constraint (noun) – restriction, limitation, restraint.
  106. chart (verb) – outline, describe, detail.
  107. curtail (verb) – shorten, truncate; restrict/limit.
  108. subnational (adjective) – relating to a region or group of people within a nation.
  109. arbitrary (adjective) – whimsical, irrational, casual; autocratic, draconian, anti-democratic.
  110. imposition (noun) – burden, onus, strain, demand, pressure.
  111. marginalised (adjective) – treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected.
  112. cause for concern (phrase) – a reason to worry (feel anxious).
  113. reliance on (noun) – confidence in, dependence, belief in.
  114. imply (verb) – say indirectly, suggest, indicate.
  115. segmentation (noun) – division/separation into a different parts.
  116. perceived (adjective) – regarded, considered, deemed; observed, discerned.
  117. quantum (noun) – measure, amount, portion.
  118. accommodate (verb) – favour, do someone a favour, assist, help.
  119. aggravate (verb) – make worse, worsen, exacerbate, compound, increase/intensify.
  120. efficacy (noun) – effectiveness, efficiency, power/ability to give estimated results.
  121. central (adjective) – most important, essential.
  122. privatisation (noun) – transfer of a business, industry, academic institutions, or service from public to private ownership and control.
  123. intra- (prefix) – within.
  124. inter- (prefix) – between.
  125. axe (noun) – measure.
  126. bloc (noun) – alliance, association, union.
  127. reorient (verb) – change the focus on.
  128. terrain (noun) – area, land, ground, territory.
  129. forge (verb) – form, create, establish, set up.
  130. substantive (adjective) – important, significant, considerable.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tamil Nadu’s distinct growth path is in peril) – Mar 25, 2021

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