The Hindu Lead Article (Staying at home on planet earth) – Apr 14, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Staying at home on planet earth) – Apr 14, 2020

Right now, more of humanity is likely at home than at any other time in history. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Staying at home on planet earth) – Apr 14, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Staying at home on planet earth) – Apr 14, 2020:

  1. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; the illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  2. shelter (noun) – protection, safety, shield.
  3. habitat (noun) – home, abode, house, dwelling place/residence.
  4. humanity (noun) – humankind, the human race, people.
  5. coronavirus (CoV)(noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  6. implication (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  7. radical (adjective) – unusual, uncommon, different, atypical, distinctive.
  8. unravel (verb) – resolve, work out, reveal, explain, unfold.
  9. come of (phrasal verb) – result from, happen as a result of something.
  10. as does (phrase) – like, also (when compared with something).
  11. command (noun) – instruction, order, direction.
  12. lately (adverb) – recently, of late, in recent times.
  13. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  14. courtyard (noun) – unroofed, open to sky area surrounded by the walls/buildings on all four sides.
  15. wield (verb) – use, put to use, employ, handle, control
  16. baton (noun) – responsibility/duty; a police officer’s stick.
  17. set foot (in) (phrase) – enter, come into, move in.
  18. set foot (outside) (phrase) – leave, come out, move out.
  19. shutter (verb) – close, shut down (a business).
  20. get by (phrasal verb) – survive, manage, cope, exist, subsist (stay alive with difficulty).
  21. as best one can (phrase) – do something effectively even although it is very difficult.
  22. go up (phrasal verb) – (a structure) be built.
  23. take turns (phrase) – work/act (in shifts).
  24. outskirts (plural noun) – surrounding/outlying areas, suburbs.
  25. disparage (verb) – undervalue, discredit, downgrade/play down, belittle.
  26. collective (adjective) – combined, united/joint, cooperative (by all people as a group).
  27. impasse (noun) – deadlock, stalemate, stand-off.
  28. assert (verb) – declare, maintain, state.
  29. viable (adjective) – manageable, feasible, effective.
  30. stay put (phrase) – remain somewhere without moving (from that place).
  31. flee (verb) – run away, run off, take flight, escape.
  32. surge (noun) – rise or growth.
  33. existential (adjective) – empirical, pragmatic, factual, experiential, objective.
  34. ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, damage, wreak havoc.
  35. refugee (noun) – displaced person, asylum seeker, escapee/exile.
  36. turn away (phrasal verb) – refuse to enter; reject, fend off, rebuff/repel.
  37. asylum (noun) – protection provided by a foreign country to somebody who is unable or unwilling to return to their home country due to fear of persecution (harm, harassment or oppression).
  38. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, have recourse to.
  39. juggle (verb) – cope with, deal with (by managing several activities cleverly).
  40. virtual meeting (noun) – (interactive) online meeting.
  41. peer (verb) – look, observe, view closely.
  42. privilege (noun) – advantage, right, benefit; honour, pleasure.
  43. expose (verb) – make vulnerable, be at risk.
  44. harvest (verb) – acquire, obtain, gain, get gather (a ripe crop from the fields).
  45. hunker down (verb) – to remain in a place for a period of time.
  46. eviction (noun) – expulsion, banishment, ousting/removal.
  47. simmering (adjective) – fuming, smouldering, brewing.
  48. the Cold War (noun) – The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States and a group of countries) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and a group of countries).
  49. hazardous (adjective) – dangerous, risky, perilous.
  50. exposure (noun) – putting oneself at risk.
  51. akin (adjective) – similar, related, equivalent.
  52. uncertainty (noun) – unpredictability, unreliability, riskiness/precariousness.
  53. on the heels of (phrase) – very soon after something, following closely after something.
  54. drive (noun) – campaign, movement, effort, push.
  55. armour up (verb) – shield, safeguard, protect, guard (someone with some protective layer).
  56. fortress-like (adjective) – unattackable, invulnerable, impenetrable, inviolable.
  57. tank-like (adjective) – sturdy, strong, solid (tank means armoured vehicle).
  58. wall off (verb) – enclose, confine, fence in.
  59. still (adjective) – quiet, silent, hushed, soundless, undisturbed.
  60. kinship (noun) – blood relationship, common ancestry/lineage; family connections.
  61. sputter (verb) – make a noise, crack/buzz, hiss.
  62. seek out (phrasal verb) – discover, detect, find.
  63. idle (noun) – not operating, not working, inactive, out of action.
  64. toad (noun) – a common name for certain frogs.
  65. chirp (verb) – make a short, sharp, high-pitched sound.
  66. Bufo americanus (noun) – American toad.
  67. ramp up (phrasal verb) – increase.
  68. congregate (verb) – assemble, gather, come together, flock together, get together.
  69. wistful (adjective) – regretful, nostalgic, yearning, longing.
  70. knot (noun) – cluster, group, band, huddle.
  71. clamber (verb) – scramble, climb, ascend.
  72. abandon (noun) – recklessness, lack of restraint, unruliness.
  73. instinct (noun) – natural tendencyinclination, urge/desire.
  74. solace (noun) – comfort, consolation/relief, support.
  75. harrowing (adjective) – (extremely) distressing, disturbing, upsetting.
  76. vulnerable (adjective) – at risk, endangered, unsafe, easily affected by.
  77. kin (noun) – relations, connections, relatives.
  78. reflect on (verb) – think about, give thought to, consider, contemplate, mull over.
  79. span (noun) – extent, range, compass, stretch.
  80. COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
  81. avian influenza (noun) – it is also known as influenza A or the bird flu. It primarily infects birds, but can pose health risks to people.
  82. Ebola (noun) – Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a rare but severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. (Courtesy: WHO)
  83. zoonotic (adjective) – relating to a disease that can be transmitted from animals to people.
  84. ecological (adjective) – relating to the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
  85. instability (noun) – uncertainty, unpredictability, lack of stability.
  86. natural habitat (noun) – natural environment, natural element, natural territory, natural surroundings, natural terrain.
  87. cram (verb) – crowd, crush, pack, jam, fill (in a small place).
  88. scarcely (adverb) – hardly, barely; rarely.
  89. inhabitable (adjective) – fit to live in, fit to occupy, usable.
  90. magnify (verb) – increase, heighten, intensify.
  91. exploitation (noun) – taking advantage, making use, utilization.
  92. crawl (noun) – a slow rate of movement.
  93. kick-start (verb) – revive, renew, restore.
  94. boot camp (noun) – a short, rigorous training camp.
  95. well-being (noun) – healthy state, comfort/happiness, prosperity.
  96. (be) tied up (phrasal verb) – link, couple, connect, relate.
  97. planetary (adjective) – world, universal, global.
  98. predicament (noun) – difficulty, issue, problematic situation.
  99. manifest (adjective) – clear, evident, obvious.
  100. mutual (adjective) – reciprocal, requited, returned.
  101. progressive (adjective) – modern, liberal, forward-thinking.
  102. take shape (phrase) – become clear/definite, become tangible, fall into place.
  103. provoke (verb) – incite, arouse, induce.
  104. displacement (noun) – a forced removal/departure of people from their homes, mainly due to war/natural disaster/persecution.
  105. turn on (phrasal verb) – depend on, relate to, be decided by.
  106. dwell on (phrasal verb) – linger over, think about, mull over.
  107. nurture (verb) – encourage, promote, foster.
  108. fragile (adjective) – weak, shaky/risky, unreliable, insubstantial, feeble/unsound.
  109. catalyse (verb) – to cause/accelerate some action/process.
  110. consciousness (noun) – awareness, knowledge, attention/observation.
  111. dissipate (verb) – disappear, vanish, dissolve.
  112. rancour (noun) – bitterness, hate, resentment/hostility.
  113. antagonism (noun) – enmity, hostility, antipathy.
  114. catastrophe (noun) – destruction, damage, disaster.
  115. stark (adjective) – clear, distinct, evident.
  116. inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
  117. generous (adjective) – caring, unselfish, self-sacrificing; large, huge, great.
  118. belonging (noun) – affinity, connection, attachment, closeness.
  119. avert (verb) – prevent, stop, avoid.
  120. anthropology (noun ) – the study of human beings (humanity).

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Staying at home on planet earth) – Apr 14, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Staying at home on planet earth) – Apr 14, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Staying at home on planet earth) – Apr 14, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Staying at home on planet earth) – Apr 14, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Staying at home on planet earth) – Apr 14, 2020

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