The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021

The two consecutive waves of COVID-19 and Mucormycosis have left us shattered. Multiple bruises have been caused to us. But during the second wave of the pandemic,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021:

  1. fixing (noun) – the act of repairing something; revamping, mending, reconditioning, refurbishing.
  2. takeaway (noun) – a key point/idea/fact.
  3. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  4. refurbish (verb) – renovate, recondition, revamp, overhaul.
  5. infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure for something (to function properly).  
  6. consecutive (adjective) – continuous.
  7. mucormycosis or black fungus (noun) – Mucormycosis or black fungus is an aggressive and invasive fungal infection caused by a group of molds/moulds/fungi called mucormycetes. (fungi is a plural form of fungus).
  8. shattered (adjective) – distressed, fraught, devastated.
  9. bruise (noun) – damage injury, trauma, wreakage.
  10. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based; all-embracing, universal, complete.
  11. universal health coverage (noun) – It means that all individuals and communities receive the health services they need without suffering financial hardship. (Courtesy: WHO)
  12. rehabilitation (noun) – the action of bringing (someone or something) back to a normal.
  13. palliation (noun) – support, helping hand, relief, succour, assuagement.
  14. expose (verb) – put at risk of, put in jeopardy of, make vulnerable.
  15. hardship (noun) – misfortune, distress, suffering, affliction, trouble.
  16. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  17. expose (verb) – reveal, show, display, exhibit, unveil.
  18. Primary Health Care Centre (PHCs) (noun) – it is a port of call (first place to visit) to a qualified doctor in the public health sector in rural areas providing a range of curative, promotive and preventive health care. There are about 25,650 primary health centres (PHCs) in India, 15,700 (61.2%) function with one doctor each. As many as 1,974 (7.69%) PHCs do not have even a single doctor. One Primary Health Centre (PHC) is established for 30000 population in plains and 20000 population in tribal and hilly area.
  19. scenario (noun) – situation, background, context.
  20. provision (noun) – supplying, providing, supply/delivery, furnishing, giving, allocation, distribution.
  21. Community Health Centre (CHCs) (noun) – The Community Health Centres (CHCs) which constitute the secondary level of health care were designed to provide referral as well as specialist health care to the rural population. one Community Health Centre (CHC/Rural Hospital) is established for a population of one lakh.
  22. picture (noun) – situation, condition, circumstances.
  23. backward (adjective) – underdeveloped, undeveloped, unsophisticated.
  24. up to (phrase) – till, until.
  25. tenure (noun) – term, time, period (in/of office).
  26. lay emphasis on (phrase) – to emphasize the importance of something.
  27. besides (preposition/linking adverb) – apart from, in addition to.
  28. Sub-Centres/Sub-Health Centres (SHCs) (noun) – A Sub-Health Centre (Sub-centre) is the most peripheral and first point of contact between the primary health care system and the community. one Sub-centre is established for a population 5000 people in the plains and for 3000 in tribal and hilly areas.
  29. census (noun) – an official survey, particularly of a population.
  30. norms (noun) – standard, convention, guidelines, criterion.
  31. progressive (adjective) – growing, developing, dynamic, forward-looking, forward-thinking. 
  32. prosperous (adjective) – flourishing, thriving, successful, burgeoning.
  33. utmost (adjective) – greatest, maximum, most extreme.
  34. engage with (verb) – to establish a meaningful relation with someone.
  35. adverse (adjective) – dangerous, harmful, detrimental, unhealthy; unfavourable, disadvantageous, bad.
  36. constitute (verb) – form, create, organize, set up.
  37. Swasthya Kalyan Samiti (SKS) (noun) – Swasthya Kalyan Samiti (SKS) is a simple yet effective management structure. This committee, which would be a registered society, acts as a group of trustees for the hospitals to manage the affairs of the hospital. It consists of members from local Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), NGOs, local elected representatives and officials from Government sector who are responsible for proper functioning and management of the hospitals. SKS is free to prescribe, generate and use the funds with it as per its best judgment for smooth functioning and maintaining the quality of services and subject to further instructions from Govt./ State Health Society from time to time.
  38. habitation (noun) – place of residence, house, dwelling (place), abode.
  39. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  40. alarming (adjective) – worrying, disturbing, shocking/distressing.
  41. proportion (noun) – ratio, portion; size/magnitude.
  42. non-communicable diseases (NCDs) (noun) – also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person. They are of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of non-communicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes (Courtesy: WHO).
  43. idle (adjective) – not operating, out of action, out of service.
  44. any longer (phrase) – from now on.
  45. well oiled (adjective) – relating to something (particularly organisation) operating easily.
  46. machinery (noun) – system, apparatus, structure.
  47. in the grip of (phrase) – in the control of; dominated/controlled by.
  48. hypertension (noun) – high blood pressure.
  49. cardiovascular (adjective) – relating to the heart and blood vessels.
  50. chronic (adjective) – constant, continuing, unending, persistent, long-lasting.
  51. respiratory (adjective) – relating to breathing.
  52. Chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) (noun) – Chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) are diseases of the airways and other structures of the lung. Some of the most common are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, occupational lung diseases and pulmonary hypertension. 
  53. humanly (adjective) – within human capacity.
  54. premature (adjective) – untimely, early, too soon/too early.
  55. morbidity (noun) – the state of having a specific illness/disease/condition.
  56. co-morbidity (noun) – In medicine, co-morbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions (diseases) co-occurring/co-existing with a primary condition (disease).
  57. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support/protection; ill-protected, easily affected by, prone to, at risk of.
  58. be easier said than done (phrase) – used to say that something sounds like a good idea in theory, but it would be very difficult to do.
  59. accomplish (verb) – achieve, complete, fulfil.
  60. tertiary care/hospital (noun) – highly specialized medical care.
  61. vibrancy (noun) – energy, buoyancy, briskness, vitiality.
  62. vitality (noun) – energy, strength, power, vigour.
  63. as a result (phrase) – subsequently, therefore, thus.
  64. populace (noun) – population, inhabitants, people/public.
  65. deprive of (verb) – dispossess, strip of, deny, prevent from having.
  66. (medical) intervention (noun) – an activity directed at or performed on an individual with the object of improving health, treating disease or injury, or making a diagnosis.
  67. slip into (verb) – cause to move/go smoothly; change into, get into.
  68. on the verge of (phrase) – on the brink of, on the edge of, at a crucial or critical point.
  69. likely (adverb) – probably, presumably, no doubt, doubtlessly.
  70. socio-economic (adjective) – relating to the interaction of social (position, rank, or importance) and economic (income, pay, and wealth) aspects.
  71. equip (verb) – prepare, enable, facilitate (for a particular task/situation).
  72. do wonders (phrase) – to be effective/successful.
  73. pathological (adjective) – relating to pathology (a branch of medical science that involves the study and diagnosis of disease).
  74. standby (adjective) – alternative, substitute, replacement, spare, extra.
  75. wherewithal (noun) – money, finances, resources, funds; means, ability, capability (required to accomplish a task or purpose).
  76. collective (noun) – combined, united/joint, cooperative (by all people as a group).
  77. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  78. yardstick (noun) – standard, measure, gauge; benchmark.
  79. stipulate (verb) – lay down, specify, state (a requirement clearly).
  80. Concurrent List (noun) – the list which includes the power to be considered by both the union and state government (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India).
  81. State List (noun) – it includes subjects that give powers to the state governments. (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, the legislative section is divided into three lists: the Union List, State List and Concurrent List).
  82. Central List (noun) – it includes subjects that give powers to the central government. (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, the legislative section is divided into three lists: the Union List, State List and Concurrent List).
  83. contribute to (verb) – play a part in, be instrumental in, make for, lead to, cause.
  84. firm up (phrasal verb) – make something more definite.
  85. strategy (noun) – plan of action.
  86. rigorous (adjective) – careful, diligent, attentive, ultra-careful.
  87. audit (verb) – analyse, examine, scrutinize, investigate, appraise.
  88. folk (noun) – people.
  89. co-existence (noun) – The state of two or more different things existing/living together at the same time or in the same place.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Rural health care needs fixing, and now) – Jun 04, 2021

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