The Hindu Lead Article (Red Sea redlines and Yemen’s inflection point) – Sep 18, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (Red Sea redlines and Yemen’s inflection point) – Sep 18, 2019

Yemen is in the south-west corner of the Arabian Peninsula. Though most Yemenis vouch for national unity,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Red Sea redlines and Yemen’s inflection point) – Sep 18, 2019.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Red Sea redlines and Yemen’s inflection point) – Sep 18, 2019:

  1. red line (noun) – boundary, limit.
  2. inflection point (noun) – a turning point.
  3. watershed (noun) – an event that marks a historic change; critical moment, decisive moment.
  4. cast a shadow (phrase) – spoil, diminish, hinder.
  5. peninsula (noun) – an area of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides) and one side attached to the mainland.
  6. vouch (verb) – attest to, confirm, uphold/endorse.
  7. fertile (adjective) – productive, high-yielding, rich/generative.
  8. Gross domestic product (GDP) (noun) – a measure of economic activity in a country. It is the total value of a country’s annual output of goods and service.
  9. per capita (adverb & adjective) – per person, for each, individually.
  10. kinship (noun) – relationship, connection, being related.
  11. akin (adjective) – similar, related, close.
  12. esoteric (adjective) – complex, complicated, difficult/hard.
  13. relatively (adverb) – quite, comparatively/proportionately; to a certain extent.
  14. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, bank on.
  15. imbroglio (noun) – confused/complicated situation; difficulty/predicament.
  16. cede to (verb) – give up, concede, yield.
  17. resurgent (adjective) – rising again,  resuscitated, revitalized, revived; increasing or reviving after a period of little activity/dullness.
  18. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold.
  19. quasi- (combining form) – seemingly, apparently; partly/somewhat.
  20. dabble (verb) – play with, fiddle with, tinker with, take part in an activity casually.
  21. secede (verb) – break away from, separate from, split with/leave.
  22. insurrection (noun) – uprising, revolt, revolution.
  23. put down (phrasal verb) – suppress, put an end to, quell.
  24. militia (noun) – armed forces, military unit, soldiery (from the civil population to support main forces).
  25. insurgency (noun) – uprising, revolt, rebellion.
  26. dissident (noun) – rebel/dissenter, objector, protester.
  27. cleric (noun) – a religious leader, (especially a Christian or Muslim one).
  28. influential (noun) – powerful, authoritative, dominant (people).
  29. assassination (noun) – murder, killing.
  30. oust (verb) – remove, expel, dismiss from power/office.
  31. flee (verb) – escape, abscond, run away/take flight.
  32. apprehensive (adjective) – anxious, worried, concerned.
  33. surrogate (noun) – substitute, proxy, replacement/agent, representative.
  34. cobble together (phrasal verb) – prepare hastily, put together roughly, patch together.
  35. reluctantly (adverb) – hesitantly, unwillingly.
  36. opt out (phrasal verb) – decide not to participate in something.
  37. decisive (adjective) – resolute, firm, determined.
  38. storm (noun) – a heavy discharge of missiles.
  39. bombardment (noun) – bombing, shelling (continuous attack).
  40. blockade (noun) – barricade, barrier, obstacle/impediment.
  41. ground (noun) – reason, cause, basis/factor.
  42. stalemate (noun) – deadlock, impasse, standstill/stand-off.
  43. hunker (verb) – apply oneself seriously to a task.
  44. grip (noun) – control, power/influence, hold.
  45. humanitarian (adjective) – compassionate, humane, socially concerned.
  46. catastrophe (noun) – destruction, damage, disaster.
  47. humanitarian catastrophe/crisis/disaster (noun) – a situation with high levels of human suffering in which basic human welfare is in danger on a large scale).
  48. with a bang (phrase) – abruptly.
  49. drone (noun) – unmanned aircraft /missile.
  50. fallout (noun) – adverse results; after-effects, repercussions.
  51. pre-dawn (adjective) – taking place before dawn (early morning).
  52. upstream (petroleum industry) (noun) – the industry which finds and produces crude oil and natural gas.
  53. sophistication (noun) – complexity, intricacy, complication.
  54. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  55. Brent crude (noun) – a classification of crude oil produced from the oil platform in the North Sea.
  56. scenario (noun) – course of events, situation.
  57. hostility (noun) – fighting, conflict, war.
  58. derailment (noun) – obstruction, impediment, hindrance/obstacle.
  59. escalation (noun) – intensification; an increase in the intensity of something.
  60. efficacy (noun) – effectiveness, efficiency, power/ability to give estimated results.
  61. asymmetric (adjective) – irregular, unequal, differing/dissimilar; lopsided.
  62. hydrocarbon (noun) – it is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon which are the main components of petroleum and natural gas.
  63. defenceless (adjective) – vulnerable, helpless, powerless.
  64. vulnerability (noun) – weakness/defencelessness, frailty, susceptibility.
  65. foretaste (noun) – sample, preview, example.
  66. rift (noun) – disagreement, dispute, conflict.
  67. drawdown (noun) – reduction, depletion, decrease.
  68. anchor (verb) – secure/attach, connect/bind, provide a basis.  
  69. ground forces (plural noun) – (military) troops and weaponry deployed on land.
  70. call for (phrasal verb) – require, necessitate/make necessary, demand.
  71. vehemently (adverb) – forcefully, fiercely/vigorously, intensely.
  72. foresee (verb) – anticipate, predict, forecast.
  73. coagulate (verb) – solidify, thicken, harden.
  74. de facto (adjective) – actual, existing, effective.
  75. intra- (prefix) – within.
  76. inter- (prefix) – between.
  77. dynamics (noun) – basic/fundamental cause or force which triggers change within a system.
  78. at one’s disposal (phrase) – for use by, in reserve for, in the hands of, in the possession of,
  79. reliant on (noun) – dependent on someone/something.
  80. symbiotic (adjective) – agreeing, collaborating, collective.
  81. in the driving seat (phrase) – be in command, be the boss, in authority.
  82. choke point (noun) – a point of blockage.
  83. aforementioned (adjective) – previous, prior, precursory.
  84. evolve (verb) – develop, unfold, happen/take place.
  85. revive (verb) – recover,  bring back, revitalize.
  86. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  87. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  88. volatile (adjective) – unpredictable/unsettled, variable, turbulent/tense.
  89. thriving (adjective) – growing, developing, progressing.
  90. fallout (noun) – adverse results; after-effects, repercussions.
  91. evasive (adjective) – indeterminate/non-committal; unclear, puzzling/perplexing.
  92. frontload (verb) – allocate major portion of (costs, effort, expenditures etc.) at the beginning of the enterprise.
  93. biofuel (noun) – a renewable source of energy produced from natural sources/organic matter (from plants or animals).
  94. diversify (verb) – enlarge/expand, widen, branch out.
  95. motley (adjective) – diverse, sundry, disparate.
  96. non-state actor (noun) – an individual or organization that has significant political influence.
  97. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak (in need of support).
  98. copycat (modifier) – similar, like.
  99. off the shelf (phrase/adjective) – available from existing materials/stock.
  100. mitigate (verb) – reduce, lessen, decrease, make less severe.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.bigotry, narrow-mindedness
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Red Sea redlines and Yemen’s inflection point) – Sep 18, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (Red Sea redlines and Yemen’s inflection point) – Sep 18, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (Red Sea redlines and Yemen’s inflection point) – Sep 18, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (Red Sea redlines and Yemen’s inflection point) – Sep 18, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (Red Sea redlines and Yemen’s inflection point) – Sep 18, 2019

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