The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021

For the first time in the history of the United States, a President has incited insurrection by his neo-Nazi brigade of right-wing supporters,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021:

  1. read (verb) – see.
  2. Hannah Arendt (1906–1975) (proper noun) – Hannah Arendt was a German-born American political theorist. She was one of the most influential political philosophers of the twentieth century.
  3. grasp (noun) – understanding, comprehension, knowledge, awareness.
  4. totalitarianism (noun) – autocracy, absolute power, dictatorship.
  5. incite (verb) – stir up, whip up, trigger, foment.
  6. insurrection (noun) – coup, uprising, mutiny; civil unrest/disorder.
  7. neo-Nazi (adjective) – authoritarian, totalitarian, dictatorial, draconian, democratic, illiberal.
  8. brigade (noun) – group, section, outfit.
  9. right-wing (adjective) – conservative, rightist, ultra-right, alt-right.
  10. tantamount to (adjective) – equivalent to, comparable to, amounting to, on a par with.
  11. hostility (noun) – opposition, conflict, resentment, enmity, aversion, antipathy.
  12. horrify (verb) – shock, scare, frighten, appal.
  13. storm (verb) – attack, rush, conduct an offensive on, attempt to capture.
  14. Capitol (noun) – In the United States, the Capitol is a building in Washington in which the US Congress meets.
  15. blotch (noun) – blemish, spot, blot, stain.
  16. Senator (noun) – a member of the Senate (the upper house or chamber in some bicameral legislative systems. (for example in the US, Australia, Canada).
  17. republican (adjective) – elected, representative, parliamentary, of the people.
  18. The Electoral College (noun) – it is a group of people that elects the president and the vice president of the United States. (The word “college” in this case simply refers to an organized body of people engaged in a common task).
  19. heal (verb) – set right, patch up, resolve, correct (an undesirable situation).
  20. polarised (adjective) – separated into opposing two.
  21. unhinged (adjective) – mentally unbalanced, deranged.
  22. authoritarian (noun) – autocrat, despot, dictator, tyrant.
  23. humiliate (verb) – embarrass, degrade, crush, humble, make ashamed.
  24. undercut (verb) – undermine, weaken, impair, damage.
  25. overplay (verb) – overstate, overemphasize, overstress. 
  26. enormity (noun) – hugeness, immensity, magnitude.
  27. deeply (adverb) – seriously, intensely, strongly, awfully, terribly.
  28. belligerent (adjective) – hostile, aggressive, bellicose, truculent, confrontational, argumentative, combative.
  29. afflict (verb) – trouble, bother, burden, distress.
  30. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  31. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  32. ailing (adjective) – weak, poor, imperfect, substandard, flawed; in bad/poor health.
  33. discrimination (noun) – prejudice, intolerance, inequity, unfairness (against an individual or group of individuals by society and its institutions (basically in the procedures, policies or objectives) as a whole.
  34. rebuff (verb) – reject, refuse, decline.
  35. consequence (noun) – outcome, result, ramification, repercussion.
  36. intolerance (noun) – prejudice, bias, bigotry/partisanship, discrimination.
  37. leave behind (phrasal verb) – to leave a trace of something.
  38. incumbent (noun) – the present holder or occupant of an office.
  39. deep-seated (adjective) – deep-rooted, established, ingrained, entrenched.
  40. humanism (noun) – a democratic and ethical life stance that affirms that human beings have the right and responsibility to give meaning and shape to their own lives. Humanism stands for the building of a more humane society through an ethics based on human and other natural values in a spirit of reason and free inquiry through human capabilities.
  41. in the wake of (phrase) – as a result of some event, especially an unpleasant one; in the aftermath of, as a consequence of, on account of, because of, owing to.
  42. overwhelming (adjective) – very great/large, huge, enormous.
  43. systemic (adjective) – constructional, organizational, systematic.
  44. racism (noun) – the belief that a particular race is superior or inferior to another.
  45. underpin (verb) – support, strengthen, fortify, buttress.
  46. bitter (adjective) – hate-filled, savage, hostile, spiteful, awful, nasty, ill-natured.
  47. assault (noun) – attack, offensive, onslaught.
  48. revelation (noun) – disclosure, announcement, surprising fact.
  49. reflect (verb) – indicate, show, reveal, exhibit.
  50. underlying (adjective) – fundamental, basic, primary.
  51. scourge (noun) – affliction, bane, curse, plague.
  52. contrast (noun) – difference, dissimilarity, contradiction.
  53. chickens have come home to roost (phrase) – the bad/unpleasant things that a person has done in the past have come back to affect him/her; ready to face the consequences of the actions that you have done in the past.
  54. heed (verb) – pay attention to, take into account, consider.
  55. stark (adjective) – clear, distinct, evident, obvious, striking.
  56. brutality (noun) – cruelty, barbarity, inhumanity.
  57. inhabit (verb) – live in, occupy.
  58. ethics (noun) – standards, principles, morality, rule of conduct.
  59. inherent (adjective) – implicit, intrinsic, fundamental, basic.
  60. ethno- (adjective) – ethnic.
  61. ethno-nationalist (noun) – relating to someone who supports or promotes the interests of a particular ethnic group.
  62. populism (noun) – policies that supposedly represent the opinions of ordinary people (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  63. alternate-reality (noun) – parallel universe.
  64. boastful (adjective) – bragging, egotistical, overbearing, full of oneself, big-mouthed.
  65. deluded (adjective) – deceived, duped, tricked; incorrect, wrong.
  66. overriding (adjective) – most important, of greatest significance, foremost.
  67. penchant (noun) – (strong) passion, liking, appetite, desire, preference.
  68. self-glorification (noun) – self-importance, presumption, arrogance.
  69. overwhelmingly (adverb) – with a great majority; to a very great degree.
  70. obsess (verb) – be fixated, be preoccupied, be possessed, be haunted, be consumed.
  71. let go (phrase) – give up, relinquish, surrender.
  72. frighteningly (adverb) – scaringly, horrifyingly, alarmingly, shockingly, appallingly.
  73. conception (noun) – idea, concept, notion.
  74. outright (adjective) – out-and-out, absolute, complete, categorical, unequivocal.  
  75. humiliating (adjective) – embarrassing, degrading, demeaning, disgracing, humbling.
  76. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  77. immigrant (noun) – non-native, foreigner, migrant.
  78. termite (noun) – an insect that eats & destroys wood.
  79. cohere (verb) – to unite together as a unit.
  80. sentiment (noun) – thought, attitude, view/opinion, way of thinking.
  81. fondly (adverb) – affectionately, keenly; unrealistically, naively, foolishly.
  82. invasion (noun) – violation, infringement, breach.
  83. shaky (adjective) – faltering, unsteady, weak, precarious.
  84. putsch (noun) – an non-democratic, unconstitutional & illegal effort to overthrow the existing government; coup, coup d’état, uprising, insurrection, mutiny; a person who involves in a putsch is called as putschist.
  85. loyalist (noun) – supporter, admirer, champion.
  86. old hand (noun) – expert, authority, master.
  87. ways and means (phrase) – methods and resources to do something successfully.
  88. image (noun) – public perception/impression, persona, public face, character/reputation.
  89. intact (adjective) – undamaged, unimpaired, unspoiled.
  90. bully (noun) – persecutor, oppressor, browbeater.
  91. mightiest (superlative adjective) of mighty (adjective) – dominant, influential, strong, powerful.
  92. intact (adjective) – unbroken, undamaged, unharmed, uninjured, unimpaired.
  93. bully (noun) – persecutor, oppressor, tormentor, browbeater, intimidator.
  94. ask for (verb) – request, appeal for.
  95. big lie (noun) – a propaganda technique used for political purpose.
  96. ideology (noun) – a system of belief, set of principles.
  97. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold, champion.
  98. bolster (verb) – strengthen, support, boost, reinforce/buttress.
  99. persuasion (noun) – convincing, encouragement, urging.
  100. manipulation (noun) – controlling or influencing someone/something cleverly.
  101. parallel (adjective) – equivalent, similar.
  102. in keeping with (phrase) – in harmony with, in accordance with, in agreement with, in line with.
  103. intellectual (noun) – cognitive, cultured, cultivated, civilized.
  104. leaning (noun) – preference, liking, inclination, proclivity, penchant, predisposition.
  105. contemporary (adjective) – modern, present-day.
  106. disinformation (noun) – fake news, made-up story, false information, lie, falsehood.
  107. echo (verb) – repeat, say again, restate, reiterate.
  108. the Holocaust (noun) – It was the World War II genocide of the European Jews. The ideological and systematic state-sponsored prosecution and mass murder of (6) millions of European Jews by the German Nazi regime between 1933 and 1945.
  109. notion (noun) – idea, belief, view.
  110. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  111. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  112. might (noun) – strength, force, power.
  113. hegemon (noun) – super power, major power.
  114. fabrication (noun) – falsehood, deception, lie.
  115. hypothesis (noun) – reason, basis, thinking.
  116. expose (verb) – uncover, reveal, show, display, exhibit, disclose.
  117. lethal (adjective) – fatal, deadly, life-threatening. 
  118. arsenal (noun) – range/line-up/collection of (particularly in military weapons & equipment) are made and stored in a place.
  119. red in the face (phrase) – suffer embarrassment/shame.
  120. spectator (noun) – onlooker, viewer, observer.
  121. relevance (noun) – significance, importance.
  122. abyss (noun) – a catastrophic/disastrous/awful situation.
  123. no wonder (phrase) – little wonder; it is not surprising.
  124. pressing (adjective) – urgent, critical, crucial, important.
  125. humanitarian (adjective) – compassionate, humane, magnanimous, sympathetic; socially concerned.
  126. repudiate (verb) – reject, deny, disavow, contradict, rebut.
  127. nationalistic (adjective) – patriotic, nationalist; chauvinistic, jingoistic.
  128. isolationism (noun) – a policy or doctrine of trying to isolate one’s country from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances, foreign economic commitments, international agreements, and generally attempting to make one’s economy entirely self-reliant.
  129. usher in (verb) – start, begin, initiate.
  130. humility (noun) – modesty, humbleness, unassertiveness.
  131. immigration (noun) – the act of leaving one’s countries and moving to another country of which they are not natives, nor citizens, to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens.
  132. intelligence (noun) – department of intelligence (employed to collect & analyse military information).
  133. right a wrong (phrase) – correct something bad someone has done; improve, enhance, remedy.
  134. bloodshed (noun) – killing, carnage, massacre.
  135. extermination (noun) – killing, murder, massacre.
  136. misogynism (noun) – misogyny; hatred of women or prejudice against women.
  137. castigation (noun) – a severe scolding; criticism, condemnation.
  138. Zionism (noun) – the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel. Zionist is a supporter of zionism. 
  139. fascism (noun) – absolute rule, authoritarianism, totalitarianism.
  140. regime (noun) – government.
  141. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity.
  142. necessity (noun) – (essential) requirement, prerequisite, indispensable thing.
  143. apartheid (noun) – racial segregation/discrimination system in (South Africa); prejudice, bias, bigotry/inequity (racial segregation).
  144. resurgence (noun) – reoccurrence/recurrence, reappearance, reemergence.
  145. subsist (verb) – survive, stay alive, exist, support oneself, defend.
  146. submission (noun) – yielding, capitulation, agreement, acceptance; compliance, submissiveness.
  147. incorrigible (adjective) – incurable, unreformable, irredeemable; hardened.
  148. megalomaniac (adjective) – relating to a person who is having a strong desire for power.
  149. strike out (phrasal verb) – be unsuccessful, fail.
  150. dignity (noun) – It means being valued and respected for what you are, what you believe in, and how you live your live.
  151. school (verb) – direct, guide, instruct.
  152. exceptionally (adverb) – to a greater degree; extraordinarily, remarkably, especially.
  153. progressive (adjective) – forward-looking, forward-thinking, dynamic, advanced.
  154. on one’s toes (phrase) – alert, quick-witted, sharp, quick, wide awake, responsive.
  155. readiness (noun) – willingness, inclination to do something.
  156. condemn (verb) – censure, criticize, castigate; doom, destine, damn.
  157. vulnerability (noun) – weakness/defencelessness, frailty, unprotectedness, susceptibility.
  158. stand for (phrase verb) – be a candidate in an election.
  159. infringement (noun) – violation, transgression, breach.
  160. persistent (adjective) – continuous, constant, non-stop, lingering.
  161. cognitive (adjective) – mental, emotional, intellectual, rational.
  162. circumstances (noun) – situation, conditions, state of affairs.
  163. inertia (noun) – inaction, apathy, inactivity.
  164. amount to (verb) – be regarded as, be equivalent to, be tantamount to, be equal to.
  165. deliberately (adverb) – intentionally, purposely, knowingly/wittingly.
  166. perpetrate (verb) – commit, carry out, perform/execute (a harmful/illegal action).
  167. prevail (verb) – exist, be in existence, be present, be prevalent.


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2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Reading Hannah Arendt in Joe Biden’s America) – Jan 08, 2021

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