The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020

The facts are brief. Mr. Arnab Goswami of Republic TV, a media group perceived to be supportive of the ruling party,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020:

  1. judiciary (noun) – a branch of government in which judicial power is vested.
  2. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  3. the spotlight (noun) – the public attention, the focus of public/media; the public eye.
  4. languish (verb) – suffer, experience hardship; be abandoned, be neglected, be forgotten.
  5. perceive (verb) – view, regard, consider, deem.
  6. abet (verb) – to encourage/help someone to do something wrong/illegal.
  7. proximate (adjective) – immediate, nearest, close.
  8. remand (verb) – imprison, jail, incarcerate.
  9. move (verb) – apply formally to a court for something.
  10. writ petition (noun) – A writ petition can be filed by any person whose Fundamental Rights have been infringed/violated by the State. Under a Public Interest Litigation, any public-spirited person may file a writ petition in the interest of the general public even if his own Fundamental Right has not been infringed.
  11. habeas corpus (noun) – Latin phrase meaning literally “that you have the body”. The court order to bring the person (in custody/detention) to the court to decide on the imprisonment is legal or illegal.
  12. detention (noun) – imprisonment, confinement/incarceration, house arrest, captivity, custody.
  13. Sessions Court (noun) – In India, the apex court within the district dealing with criminal cases is named as “sessions court” as per Code Of Criminal Procedure (CrPc). While the court dealing with civil cases as per Code Of Civil Procedure is called “district court”.
  14. bail (noun) – conditional, temporary release of an arrested/imprisoned person when a specified amount of security is deposited or pledged (as cash or property) to ensure his/her appearance in court when required.
  15. discharge (noun) – release, liberate, acquit, set free.
  16. contrast (noun) – difference, dissimilarity, contradiction.
  17. worrisome (adjective) – worrying, distressing/upsetting, troublesome.
  18. strangely (adverb) – unusually, surprisingly.
  19. take up (phrasal verb) – consume, use, use up, occupy.
  20. precisely (adverb) – exactly, absolutely, squarely.
  21. as regards (phrase) – concerning; in respect of.
  22. suffice (verb) – be enough, be sufficient, be adequate.
  23. tenable (adjective) – justifiable, defendable, supportable, sustainable.
  24. hold (verb) – detain, keep, hold in custody, imprison.
  25. imprisoned (adjective) – kept in prison: captive.
  26. breakneck (adjective) – extremely fast, high-speed, speedy.
  27. at/on the back of (phrase) – because of something, as a result of something.
  28. discourse (noun) – discussion, conversation, communication, expression.
  29. loom (verb) – emerge, appear, become visible, take a threatening shape.
  30. loom large (phrase) – be imminent/close, about to happen (and something which has a lot of importance/attention).
  31. frightening (adjective) – terrifying, disturbing/horrifying.
  32. voice (verb) – express, make public, announce, mention, raise.
  33. arm (noun) – branch, department, division.
  34. majoritarian (adjective) – relating to a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  35. counter-majoritarian (adjective) – against majoritarian.
  36. check (noun) – control, restraint, curb, restriction/limitation.
  37. arbiter (noun) – someone who has ultimate authority/power; judge, authority, controller.
  38. swear in (phrasal verb) – admit into office, inaugurate, introduce (into office).
  39. cordial (adjective) – friendly, affable/amiable, pleasant.
  40. cordiality (noun) – affability, warmth, friendliness, friendship.
  41. riposte (noun) – answer, reply, respond.
  42. checks and balances (plural noun) – a system in which all departments of a government organization have right to amend/limit the powers of the other departments in order to avoid dominance of one department.
  43. writ (noun) – a formal written order by a court.
  44. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government which enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  45. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019. It amended the Citizenship Act, 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for illegal migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities, who had fled persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan before December 2014. Muslims from those countries were not given such eligibility.
  46. preventive detention (noun) – an action taken by the administration on the grounds of the suspicion that some wrong actions may be done by the person concerned which will be prejudicial to the state.
  47. dilution (noun) – reduction in value/power/force of something.
  48. gag order (noun) – gagging order; it is an order, typically a legal order by a court or government, restricting information or comment from being made public or passed onto any unauthorized third party.
  49. first information report (FIR) (noun) – a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence.
  50. land grab (noun) – a process of obtaining land unethically & self-seekingly (selfishly).
  51. proximity (noun) – closeness, nearness, presence, adjacency (in relationship).
  52. await (verb) – wait for, expect, anticipate, look/hope for.
  53. decry (verb) – denounce, condemn, criticize.
  54. unregulated (adjective) – not restricted.
  55. leave aside (phrasal verb) – to not consider something; ignore, dismiss, push aside.
  56. merits (noun) – an essential inherent quality (rights and wrongs only) while evaluating a case (not by external aspects).
  57. gentler – comparative adjective of gentle (adjective) -mild, soft, quiet, modest.
  58. backdrop (noun) – situation, scenario, context.
  59. context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  60. add up to (phrasal verb) – produce a particular result.
  61. tote (verb) – carry, lift, bear, shoulder.
  62. unstated (adjective) – undetermined, undefined, uncertain.
  63. premise (noun) – proposition, assertion, belief, thought.
  64. realpolitik (noun) – realistic and practical politics (German word).
  65. regard (noun) – esteem, respect, high opinion, acclaim, admiration. 
  66. in proportion (phrase) – in comparison with; in relation to.
  67. sans (preposition) – without, minus, devoid of.
  68. trappings (noun) – accessories, frills, accompaniments, extras, ornaments.
  69. on the heels of (phrase) – very soon after something, following closely after something.
  70. Attorney General (noun) – The chief legal advisor/officer of a nation (state).
  71. contempt (noun) – it refers to the offence of showing disrespect to the dignity or authority of a court (& its officers).
  72. scenario (noun) – situation.
  73. incidentally (adverb) – by the way, coincidentally.
  74. accost (verb) – to approach/stop and speak to (someone) rudely/aggressively/threateningly/angrily.
  75. berate (verb) – criticize or scold or yell at someone angrily; condemn, castigate, rebuke, reprimand vehemently.
  76. send out (phrasal verb) – give out, announce, deliver/produce.
  77. staple (adjective) – main or important, major, primary element of something.
  78. fare (noun) – something given to the public, usually as a form of entertainment.
  79. exaggerate (verb) – overstate, overemphasize, amplify.
  80. make a point (phrase) – to argue or promote an idea.
  81. prick (verb) – incite, urge, spur, inspire.
  82. jester (noun) – joker, comedian, comic, funny man.
  83. humour (noun) – comical aspect, comic side, funny side, comedy.
  84. satire (noun) – mockery, ridicule, derision.
  85. pungent (adjective) – (of comment, criticism, or humor) biting, sharp, sarcastic, pointed, stinging.
  86. observation (noun) – remark, comment, statement.
  87. stratagem (noun) – plan, tactic, manoeuvre; trickery.
  88. aggressive (adjective) – hostile, belligerent, bellicose, hawkish, combative.
  89. posture (noun) – position, approach, attitude, standpoint, view.
  90. behead (verb) – cut off the head of, decapitate, to remove the head of.
  91. banish (verb) – exile, expel, deport, eject.
  92. blunderbuss (noun) – something (an act) which is done without precision.
  93. nimble (adjective) – active, quick, skillful; quick-thinking, clever.
  94. revert to (verb) – return, go back, change back.
  95. mandated (adjective) – mandatory, compulsory, binding, required.
  96. vintage (noun) – period, era, epoch, time (that something of high quality was produced).
  97. erudition (noun) – learning, academic attainment, knowledge, education.
  98. seemingly (adverb) – apparently, evidently, outwardly.
  99. evade (verb) – avoid, dodge, elude.
  100. the Solicitor General (noun) – the second-highest rank for a law officer of the government.
  101. unheard (adjective) – uncommon, unusual, unfamiliar, unknown; unprecedented.
  102. grace (noun) – courtesy, politeness, good manners, civility, decorum, decency, propriety, respect.
  103. neurological (adjective) – relating to the function and disorders of the nervous system.
  104. urological (adjective) – relating to the function and disorders of the urinary system.
  105. incarcerate (verb) – jail, take into custody, detain/confine, put in prison.
  106. detain (verb) – arrest, take into custody, imprison, jail, incarcerate.
  107. heed (verb) – pay attention to, take into account, consider.
  108. pitiable (adjective) – painful, distressing, disturbing, heart-rending.
  109. plight (noun) – difficult situation, trouble/difficulty, quandary.
  110. activist (noun) – a person who supports a political or societal change/cause.
  111. emergently (adverb) – urgently, promptly.
  112. instantly (adverb) – immediately.
  113. purity (noun) – morality, goodness, righteousness, honesty, integrity, uprightness, ethicality.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Protect our Republic, my lords) – Nov 16, 2020

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