The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021

It is too early to conclude whether the all-party meeting held at Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s residence to reduce the trust deficit between New Delhi and the leaders of Jammu and Kashmir will succeed… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021:

  1. prepare the ground (phrase) – to pave the way, plan/organize, make it easier for future (development).
  2. reflective (adjective) – providing a reflection/indication/display/demonstration.
  3. trust deficit (noun) – lack of trust (on authorities-from societal point of view). Situations with low levels of trust are not supportive and often counterproductive. People feel vulnerable and look at each other with suspicion. As a result, they are less open, since they fear that they will not be fairly treated by the other side.
  4. rancor (noun) – bitterness, hate, resentment/hostility, hatred.
  5. momentous (adjective) – significant, important, serious, crucial/critical.
  6. dilution (noun) – reduction in value/power/force of something.
  7. Article 370 of Indian Constitution (noun) – It had “temporary provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir” which gave special powers to the state. The article allowed the state a certain amount of autonomy – its own constitution, a separate flag and freedom to make laws. Foreign affairs, defence and communications remained the preserve (domain) of the central government. It also allowed Jammu and Kashmir to make its own rules relating to permanent residency, ownership of property and fundamental rights. It did also bar Indians from outside the state from purchasing property or settling there.
  8. preventive detention (noun) – an action taken by the administration on the grounds of the suspicion that some wrong actions may be done by the person concerned which will be prejudicial to the state.
  9. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group.
  10. forge (verb) – form, create, establish, set up.
  11. mainstream (noun) – something (certain beliefs/ideas/activities) which are accepted or recognized by most people as normal or typical.
  12. statehood (noun) – the condition of being an independent state.
  13. chequered (adjective) – varied, mixed, eventful.
  14. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  15. reboot (verb) – reintroduce/reinstitute, re-establish, restore.
  16. reset (verb) – re-establish.
  17. forward-looking (adjective) – progressive, reforming, liberal, radical.
  18. compact (noun) – treaty, pact, accord, agreement, deal, settlement.
  19. out-of-work (adjective) – unemployed; not having a work to do.
  20. diplomat (noun) – ambassador, envoy, emissary, consul.
  21. play out (phrasal verb) – happen, occur, take place.
  22. reminiscent (adjective) – similar to, comparable with, bearing comparison with.
  23. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  24. tactical (adjective) – calculated, strategic, diplomatic.
  25. gesture (noun) – action, deed, move.
  26. assuage (verb) – alleviate, soothe, mitigate, lessen, decrease, reduce, lower.
  27. sentiment (noun) – thought, view, opinion.
  28. the establishment (noun) – the powers that be, the authorities, the system, the ruling class, the regime.
  29. woolly-headed (adjective) – confused, disoriented, mixed up.
  30. hostile (adjective) – opposed, inimical, antagonistic; confrontational, belligerent, combative.
  31. atmosphere (noun) – conditions, circumstances, environment, backdrop/context. 
  32. full-blown (adjective) – fully developed, full-scale, full-blooded, fully-fledged, complete, thorough.
  33. insurgency (noun) – uprising, revolt, rebellion.
  34. Valley (noun) – a low area between hills or mountains typically with a river running through it. Valley is a metonym of Jammu & Kashmir in this context (Metonym is used as an alternative for something else with which it is closely related/associated).
  35. staunchest superlative adjective of staunch (adjective) – loyal, faithful, trusty, committed, dependable, reliable.
  36. ally (noun) – a country that has a strategic partnership with another country.
  37. accession (noun) – joining.
  38. fragile (adjective) – delicate, shaky, weak, vulnerable, insecure.
  39. precarious (adjective) – risky, dangerous, unsafe; hazardous, perilous, unreliable.
  40. concede (verb) – admit, acknowledge, accept, recognize.
  41. concede ground (phrase) – lose power, position or strength.
  42. surreal (adjective) – unreal, bizarre, unusual, weird, strange.
  43. gratuitous (adjective) – unjustified, uncalled for, unwarranted, needless, unnecessary.
  44. photo opportunity (noun) – another term for photo call, photo-op; it is an arranged event (opportunity) to take photos of politicians/celebrities posing for publicity.
  45. czar (noun) – magnate, mogul, tycoon.
  46. messianic (adjective) – relating to any popular leader promising to make major changes in a rigorously determined and enthusiastic way; passionate, fervent, zealous, emotional, enthusiastic.
  47. (be) rooted in (verb) – embed, fix, firmly establish, implant.
  48. madrassa (noun) – an Islamic religious school; a place (school or college) where people learn about Islam, the religion of Muslims.
  49. frontier (noun) – the political and geographical area near or beyond a boundary; border, boundary, borderline, dividing line, demarcation line.
  50. backchannel (noun) – a secondary or secret route.
  51. ceasefire (noun) – a negotiated agreement that will be accompanied by other associated commitments to de-escalate the fighting; a temporary stoppage of war, truce, armistice.
  52. Line of Control (LoC) (noun) – it is a 450 mile-long military control line lying between India and Pakistan’s controlled parts of the former (under the British) Jammu and Kashmir. This line is not actually a legally recognized international boundary but prevails as per de facto. After the Simla Agreement signed in July 1972, this line was officially renamed as “Line of Control” from “the Cease-fire Line”.
  53. fault line (noun) – a divisive issue; a difference of opinion.
  54. concession (noun) – compromise, adjustment, modification; acceptance, recognition.
  55. to be sure (phrase) – certainly, surely; used to highlight something.
  56. face saver (noun) – something which protecting/maintaining one’s reputation, credibility, or dignity.
  57. stand down (phrasal verb) – withdraw, step down, bow out, renounce.  
  58. ides (noun) – a day falling roughly in the middle of each month.
  59. up the ante (phrase) – to increase demands/stakes (in a tough condition) even though it has risks; To take an action that raises the risks.
  60. down the ante (phrase) – to decrease demands/stakes (in a tough condition); To take an action that decreases the risks.
  61. counterintuitively (adverb) – contrarily (to intuition or to common-sense).
  62. unilaterally (adverb) – used to indicate something done by a person/country without approval/agreement from other people/countries involved in the situation.
  63. window of opportunity (phrase) – a short period of time in which one has a chance to do/achieve something; lucky chance, good time, golden opportunity, suitable time/moment, opportune occasion.
  64. absolute (adjective) – unlimited, unrestricted, unrestrained, unconditional, complete.
  65. stray (adjective) – random, accidental, unexpected, casual.
  66. militancy (noun) – extremist, radical, sectarian group.
  67. disquiet (noun) – uneasiness, agitation, restlessness, distress/concern.
  68. separatist (noun) – dissident, nonconformist, sectarian.
  69. arm-twist (verb) – pressurize, push, force.
  70. pragmatic (adjective) – practical, realistic, sensible, rational, reasonable.
  71. scrutiny (noun) – examination, inspection, investigation.
  72. deride (verb) – ridicule, mock, make fun of, insult.
  73. Gupkar Gang (noun) – all-party representatives who met in a meeting on August 4, 2019 at the Gupkar residence of NC president Farooq Abdullah.
  74. et al (abbreviation) – and others, among others, and the rest.
  75. absolutist (adjective) – supporting absolute principles.
  76. modicum (noun) – little bit or small amount of something, particularly a good quality.
  77. accommodation (noun) – adjustment, adaptation, attunement; arrangement, understanding, settlement.
  78. employment (noun) – use, utilization, implementation,
  79. spectrum (noun) – wide range/variety of.
  80. Kautilyan policy (noun) – the policy by Kautilya. (The Arthaśāstra is an ancient Indian Sanskrit treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy. Kautilya, also identified as Vishnugupta and Chanakya, is traditionally credited as the author of the text). 
  81. persuade (verb) – convince, assure, make certain.
  82. exploit (verb) – take advantage of, make use of, utilize.
  83. acquiescence (noun) – consent/approval, agreement, acceptance.
  84. admittedly (adverb) – actually, truly/verily, indeed.
  85. cover (noun) – shelter, protection.
  86. legitimacy (noun) – legality, validity, lawfulness.
  87. apparently (adverb) – seemingly, evidently, it appears that; supposedly.
  88. ace (noun) – expert, genius, master.
  89. tantamount to (adjective) – equivalent to, comparable to, amounting to, on a par with.
  90. contempt (noun) – it refers to the offence of showing disrespect to the dignity or authority of a court (& its officers).
  91. sub judice (adjective) – Latin, literally ‘under a judge’.
  92. chaplinesque (adjective) – resembling Charlie Chaplin’s characteristics.
  93. bureaucracy (noun) – the officials in a government (as a group).
  94. minion (noun) – follower, flatterer, fawner.
  95. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  96. laudable (adjective) – praiseworthy, commendable, admirable.
  97. amplify (verb) – raise, intensify, escalate.
  98. long-standing (adjective) – long-established, deep-rooted, fixed, persistent, continuing (for a long time).
  99. organically (adverb) – naturally, orderly, systematically, methodically.
  100. grassroots (noun as modifier) – the most basic levels of an organisation.
  101. cadre (noun) – a small group of people (trained for a specific task).
  102. over-reliance (noun) – excessive dependency.
  103. crop (noun) – group.
  104. shifty (adjective) – dishonest, false, deceitful, untrustworthy, double-dealing.
  105. zealously (adverb) – fervently, ardently, passionately. 
  106. mouth (verb) – utter, say.
  107. imprint (noun) – lasting impact, effect, influence, impression.
  108. intelligence (noun) – (of a person) employed in the collection of (military/political) information.
  109. counterproductive (adjective) – harmful, damaging, dangerous/destructive.
  110. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; portrayal/account.
  111. District Development Councils (DDC) (noun) – The District Development Councils (DDCs) are set to become a new unit of governance in Jammu and Kashmir. A legislation to this effect was brought in by the Ministry of Home Affairs on October 16 through an amendment to the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989. This structure will include a DDC and a District Planning Committee (DPC). The DDCs will have elected representatives from each district. The term of the DDC will be five years, and the electoral process will allow for reservations for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women. The Additional District Development Commissioner (or the Additional DC) of the district shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the District Development Council.
  112. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, have recourse to.
  113. regime (noun) – government.
  114. constituency (noun) – a body of supporters/voters.
  115. dynamic (adjective) – modern, liberal, advanced, forward-looking, forward-thinking; strong, forceful, powerful.
  116. inviolable (adjective) – inalienable, absolute, untouchable.
  117. gentler comparative adjective of gentle (adjective) -mild, soft, quiet, modest.
  118. grip (noun) – control, power, hold.
  119. autonomous (noun) – self-governing, independent, self-determining.
  120. reign (noun) – rule; period in office, incumbency, leadership.
  121. firewall (verb) – protect (a network/system) from unapproved entry.
  122. bedrock (noun) – core, basis/base, foundation.
  123. empowerment (noun) – authority, power.
  124. contemporary (adjective) – modern, present-day.
  125. build on (phrasal verb) – develop, enhance, expand on.
  126. arrive at (verb) – attain, reach (a decision).
  127. compelling (adjective) – convincing, powerful, potent, strong, effective, reasonable.
  128. blueprint (noun) – model, plan, guide, template, framework.
  129. prosperity (noun) – success, welfare, comfort, security, well-being, fortune.
  130. carve out (phrasal verb) – establish, develop, create something (by taking something from a larger whole) with effort.
  131. niche (noun) – ideal or comfortable position.


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2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Prepare the ground for a ‘Naya J&K’) – Jun 26, 2021

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