The Hindu Lead Article (Political takeaways from the Bihar campaign) – Nov 06, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Political takeaways from the Bihar campaign) – Nov 06, 2020

Bihar’s Champaran farmlands served as the brewing fields for Gandhi’s ruminations and eventual journey to a Mahatma more than a century ago. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Political takeaways from the Bihar campaign) – Nov 06, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Political takeaways from the Bihar campaign) – Nov 06, 2020:

  1. takeaway (noun) – a key point/idea/fact.
  2. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  3. evolution (noun) – progress, advancement, progression, development.
  4. plank (noun) – a fundamental point.
  5. Champaran (noun) – a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district, and the West Champaran district in Bihar, India. The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement led by Gandhi in India and is considered a historically important revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. It was a farmer’s uprising that took place in during the British colonial period.
  6. brewing (adjective) – developing, looming, impending.
  7. rumination (noun) – a deep thinking/thought about something.
  8. spark (noun) – high spirits, enthusiasm, initiative.
  9. lend (verb) – give, provide, impart, add.
  10. fury (noun) – severity, intensity, strength, power.
  11. prairie fire (noun) – an uncontrolled fire (in a grassland).
  12. consume (verb) – (of a fire) completely destroy, demolish, wipe out.
  13. invincible (adjective) – unconquerable, unbeatable, indomitable.
  14. renowned (adjective) – famous, famed, distinguished, acclaimed.
  15. intangible (adjective) – impalpable, untouchable, invisible.
  16. equation (noun) – association, connection; the situation.
  17. go on to (phrasal verb) – continue, proceed (to do something).
  18. firmament (noun) – the sky. (“a star on/in the firmament” figuratively means a key person in a particular field of activity).  
  19. throwback (noun) – having a characteristic/quality of an earlier time; a return to a previous method of doing something.
  20. notwithstanding (adverb) – nevertheless, nonetheless; in spite of, despite, regardless of.
  21. sacrosanct (adjective) – inviolable, sacred, protected (a principle).
  22. peep into (verb) – look quickly, glance, take a secret look.
  23. refrain (noun) – an often repeated comment.
  24. jungle raj (noun) – (figuratively) a criminalised nexus/connection of politicians, government officials, businessmen and other entities.
  25. speak of (phrasal verb) – mention, talk about, discuss, refer to, remark on, comment on.
  26. ostensibly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, supposedly.
  27. throne (noun) – a ceremonial chair; seat of state, royal seat; sovereign power, sovereignty, rule.
  28. BIMARU (noun) – it is an acronym for Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. It was used to refer to the ‘poor economic conditions’ of those states.
  29. outdated (adjective) – old, out of date, outmoded.
  30. acronym (noun) – shortened form, abbreviation, contraction.
  31. jaded (adjective) – overtired, weary, exhausted.
  32. bring down (phrasal verb) – knock down, pull down, demolish, bulldoze, destroy.
  33. pejorative (noun) – disapproving or insulting word/expression.
  34. anchor (verb) – connect, bind, attach.
  35. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
  36. seek (verb) – ask for, try, aim, attempt (obtain or achieve something).
  37. solicit (verb) – ask for, request, appeal to/supplicate.
  38. pitch (noun) – talk.
  39. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity, dearth.
  40. recall (noun) – recollection, memory, remembrance.
  41. odd (adjective) – unusual, strange, weird, bizarre, uncommon.
  42. proverbial (adjective) – well known, famous, traditional.
  43. yearning (noun) – desire, longing, need.
  44. choppy waters (phrase) – this idiomatic expression is used to refer to troublesome, difficult or uncertain times ahead.
  45. navigate (verb) – proceed, move, manage.
  46. exponential (adjective) – rapid, quickfast.
  47. leverage (verb) – use, make use of, utilize (to maximum gain).
  48. upheaval (noun) – disruption, disorder, turmoil.
  49. polity (noun) – a politically organized society.
  50. fissure (noun) – a state of incompatibility; disagreement, gap/crack.
  51. disparity (noun) – imbalance, inequality, variation.
  52. divisive (adjective) – alienating, estranging, isolating; hostile, disharmonious, discordant.
  53. point to (verb) – indicate, suggest, denote.
  54. poverty (noun) – scarcity, deficiency, dearth, shortage. 
  55. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  56. in shape (phrase) – in good condition.
  57. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  58. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  59. quiver (noun) – (figuratively) a number of resources or strategies; Literally, quiver is an archer’s portable case for holding arrows.
  60. arrow in the quiver (phrase) – one of a number of resources or strategies.
  61. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  62. sop (noun) – a free thing given to someone in order to stop him/her from making complaints.
  63. universal (adjective) – common, general, all-inclusive.
  64. BCG (noun) – BCG, or bacille Calmette-Guerin, is a vaccine for tuberculosis (TB) disease.
  65. blow (noun) – setback/misfortune.
  66. plaster (verb) – display, exhibit, show.
  67. burnishing (noun) – an act of enhancing skills.
  68. entrepreneurial (adjective) – enterprising; relating to the capacity and willingness to develop, organize and manage a business venture along with any of its risks in order to make a profit.
  69. prosperity (noun) – wealth, good fortune, welfare.
  70. come out (phrasal verb) – arrive, turn up, come up.
  71. craft (verb) – to make something (with skill).
  72. shut down (phrasal verb) – discontinue, cease activity, close.
  73. doer (noun) – achiever, succeeder, activist.
  74. accolade (noun) – acclaim, praise/tribute, approval.
  75. stand for (phrase verb) – support (a cause or idea).
  76. backstory (noun) – history.
  77. turn the tables (phrase) – reverse a disadvantaged situation/position to gain advantage.
  78. frustrate (verb) – discourage, dishearten, depress, dissatisfy; irritate, annoy. 
  79. bread and butter (phrase) – living, livelihood, means of subsistence, income.
  80. backbone (noun) – chief support, fundamental part, mainstay, pillar.
  81. play catch-up (phrase) – try to match a rival/competitor in terms of the position, level, quality, etc,.
  82. on the backfoot (phrase) – at a disadvantage; outplayed by a competitor.
  83. no more (phrase) – dead.
  84. overtly (adverb) – openly, transparently, clearly.
  85. Mandal politics/campaign (noun) – politics/campaign related to a rebellion against upper-caste dominance and it guided the political destiny of north India to a large extent in the past.
  86. underscore (verb) – underline, emphasize, highlight.
  87. oppression (noun) – persecution, abuse, ill treatment, suppression.
  88. rankle (verb) – annoy, upset/irritate; continue to be painful/fester.
  89. redress (noun) – compensation, reparation, restitution; remedy.
  90. upliftment (noun) – improvement.
  91. seamlessly (adverb) – smoothly and continuously.
  92. confound (verb) – baffle, puzzle, perplex, bewilder, mystify, confuse.
  93. stump (verb) – confuse, perplex, bewilder.
  94. in the face of (phrase) – when confronted/faced with; despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  95. juggernaut (noun) – powerful/overwhelming force.
  96. come from behind (phrase) – to improve one’s position to win a game after being in a losing position.
  97. weary (adjective) – tiring, exhausting, fatiguing, stressful; tired of, fed up with, sick, jaded.
  98. rear-view mirror-gazing (adjective/phrase) – (figuratively) relating to a person who is (always) thinking/talking about the past.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Political takeaways from the Bihar campaign) – Nov 06, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Political takeaways from the Bihar campaign) – Nov 06, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Political takeaways from the Bihar campaign) – Nov 06, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Political takeaways from the Bihar campaign) – Nov 06, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Political takeaways from the Bihar campaign) – Nov 06, 2020

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