The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021

The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) has emerged victorious in the 2021 Tamil Nadu Assembly elections, a win that falls short of earlier projections of a landslide but one that can be considered… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021:

  1. dawn (noun) – rise, beginning, start.
  2. fall short (of) (phrase) – fail to meet/reach.
  3. projection (noun) – forecast, prediction, calculation.
  4. landslide (noun) – decisive (victory), runaway (victory), overwhelming majority.
  5. resounding (adjective) – emphatic, enormous, huge, massive, very great, tremendous.
  6. vindication (noun) – justification, ratification, support, rationalization.
  7. high-voltage (adjective) – electrifying, electric, dynamic.
  8. tumultuous (adjective) – stormy, turbulent, volatile; roller-coaster, out of control, confused, unrestrained.
  9. culminate (verb) – come to an end with, finish with, conclude with, terminate with.
  10. hustings (noun) – election platform/campaign.
  11. welfare (noun) – a government program that provides (financial) assistance to individuals and families in need; social security, public assistance.
  12. wrought (verb) – (old) past and past participle of work; cause, effect.
  13. tectonic (adjective) – very important, significant, substantial/considerable, big/major (change/shift/development that will have a strong, global impact all over the place.
  14. prognosis (noun) – forecast, prediction, projection, estimate.
  15. mandate (noun) – approval, acceptance, endorsement, authority (given by a constituency to someone acting as its representative).
  16. electorate (noun) – all the people who entitled to vote in an election.
  17. connote (verb) – suggest, indicate, imply.
  18. attribute (noun) – quality, feature, characteristic, trait, element, aspect.
  19. charisma (noun) – the strength of character, individuality, personality, charm, presence, attractiveness.
  20. in the eyes of (phrase) – in the view of; in the opinion of.
  21. cadre (noun) – members of a (political) group.
  22. propagate (verb) – spread, disseminate, communicate.
  23. come out (phrasal verb) – appear, emerge, achieve.
  24. outgoing (adjective) – departing, leaving.
  25. stalwart (noun) – follower, supporter, advocate, upholder, defender.
  26. orderly (adjective) – well organized, methodical, systematic, careful.
  27. succession (noun) – the process of inheriting something; accession, elevation; line of descent, line, descent,  lineage.
  28. inherit (verb) – assume, take over, receive something (e.g. a situation & etc.) from a predecessor (previous holder of the post).
  29. mantle (noun) – role, duty, responsibility, position, task.
  30. passing (noun) – death, demise, passing away.
  31. heavyweight (noun) – very important person, leader.
  32. anointed (adjective) – selected, nominated, chosen (as successor/next in line).
  33. successor (noun) – inheritor, next-in-line, descendant.
  34. see off (phrasal verb) – deal with, tackle, handle someone/something successfully; defeat, overcome, crush.
  35. estranged (adjective) – alienated, distanced, disaffected, antagonized.
  36. coalescence (noun) – the act/process of coming or growing together to form one large group/community/system/substance, etc.
  37. vector (noun) – figure, order.
  38. intra- (prefix) – within.
  39. chassis (noun) – framework, structure.
  40. rung (noun) – level, rank, position, grade, echelon (in a hierarchical structure).
  41. consolidate (verb) – strengthen, make stronger,  stabilize, reinforce, fortify.
  42. perpetual (adjective) – constant, permanent, persistent, continuous.
  43. factional (adjective) – partisan, sectarian.
  44. infighting (noun) – (internal/hidden) dissent, dispute, strife, contention, conflict, friction, difference of opinion, disagreement.
  45. surmount (verb) – overcome, conquer, get over; deal with, cope with, resist, endure.
  46. wobble (noun) – unsteady movement; a moment of instability.
  47. flock (noun) – a large number of people; crowd, throng, horde, mob, mass.
  48. rent-seeking (noun) – a behavior that does not create economic gains for society, instead it helps a company/organisation/individual using their resources to get economic gain.
  49. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, precondition, an essential requirement.
  50. populism (noun) – policies that supposedly represent the opinions of ordinary people (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  51. benevolent (adjective) – kind, compassionate/sympathetic, benign.
  52. realm (noun) – area, field, domain (of activity).
  53. entrenched (adjective) – ingrained, established, embedded.
  54. cut two ways (phrase) – to have an effect on both sides of an issue/argument equally; to have both good & bad effects.
  55. unassailable (adjective) – indisputable, undeniable, unquestionable; beyond question/doubt.
  56. extraction (noun) – removal, taking out, withdrawal, obtaining (something using force).
  57. obscenely (adverb) – shockingly, disgustingly, atrociously, outrageously, heinously.
  58. enrich (verb) – enhance, make richer, improve, augment, reinforce.
  59. bonanza (noun) – a large amount of money received unexpectedly; jackpot, windfall, unexpected gain.
  60. kickback (noun) – bribe, illegal payment.
  61. manifesto (noun) – a publication issued by a political party before a General Election. It contains the set of policies that the party stands for and would wish to implement if elected to govern; (policy) statement, declaration, pronouncement.
  62. break with (phrasal verb) – perform/do something in a way that is not in connection with the past.
  63. ignoble (adjective) – dishonourable, unworthy, shameful, shabby, wrong.
  64. forge (verb) – form, create, establish, set up.
  65. inflection point (noun) – a turning point.
  66. bear (verb) – support, shoulder, uphold.
  67. consideration (noun) – factor, point, matter.
  68. in the aftermath of (phrase) – as a consequence of, as a result of.
  69. aftermath (noun) – consequences, effects, results, repercussions.
  70. window of opportunity (phrase) – a short period of time in which one has a chance to do/achieve something; lucky chance, good time, golden opportunity, suitable time/moment, opportune occasion.
  71. open up (phrasal verb) – create (a new opportunity or possibility).
  72. capitalise on (verb) – take advantage of, exploit, benefit from.
  73. landscape (noun) – the distinctive features of a field of activity.
  74. Dravidianism (noun) – Dravidianism is based on three ideologies: dismantling of Brahmin hegemony (dominance); revitalization of the “Dravidian Languages” (that include Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Tamil), and social reform by the abolition of existing caste systems, religious practices and recasting women’s equal position in the society.
  75. transmute (verb) – alter, make different, undergo, adjust.
  76. homogenise (verb) – unite, make uniform/similar, merge.
  77. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing forces/people/resources together for a particular cause.
  78. progeny (noun) – offspring, children; successors, descendants.
  79. clan (noun) – family, dynasty.
  80. centralisation (noun) – the process of having functions, powers, people or things only in a central location or authority.
  81. in the hands of (phrase) – under the control of; in the possession of.
  82. self-defeating (adjective) – futile, pointless, useless.
  83. overreach (noun) – an act of trying to do too much or overdoing something.
  84. spectrum (noun) – compass, gamut, ambit; wide range of something.
  85. autocratic (adjective) – domineering, dogmatic, bossy, high-handed.
  86. pivot (verb) – rotate, turn, revolve; depend, hinge, turn, rely.
  87. balance of power (phrase) – stability in a system composed of a number of autonomous forces. Whenever the equilibrium is disturbed either by an outside force or by a change in one or the other elements composing
    the system, the system shows a tendency to re-establish either the original or a new equilibrium.
  88. heft (noun) – influence, ability; weight/strength.
  89. hold on to (phrasal verb) – keep or retain something.
  90. the straight and narrow (phrase) – if you keep someone on the straight and narrow, you keep him/her living an honest & moral life.
  91. (be) enmeshed in (verb) – entangle, involve, mix up, mire, bog down.
  92. kleptocracy (noun) – a government where officials are politically corrupt (kleptocrats) and they use their power to exploit the people and natural resources.
  93. locus (noun) – location, place, position.
  94. far more (phrase) – a lot more, much more.
  95. accommodationist (noun) – a person who adapts compromise with an opposing view.
  96. leaning (noun) – inclination, tendency, bent, proclivity.
  97. eschew (verb) – reject, avoid, deny, abstain from, refrain from.
  98. antagonism (noun) – enmity, hostility, antipathy.
  99. pressing (adjective) – urgent, critical, crucial, important.
  100. autonomy (noun) – independence, freedom; self-governmentself-rule.
  101. exceptionalism (noun) – the state of being special, exceptional or unique. The belief that a country, society, or individual, is “exceptional” (i.e., extraordinary).
  102. variegated (adjective) – multi-coloured, marked by variety.
  103. milieu (noun) – context, background, backdrop; environment, atmosphere.
  104. footprint (noun) – impression, mark, trace, impact.
  105. hegemonic (adjective) – dominant, commanding, authoritative.
  106. imperviousness (noun) – water-tightness, unaffectedness, invulnerability, resistance.
  107. aversion (noun) – resistance, unwillingness, reluctance, avoidance; dislike, disinclination.
  108. alien (adjective) – unfamiliar, unknown, non-native, external, foreign.
  109. vehicle (noun) – channel, medium, agency, apparatus, instrument, mechanism.
  110. shed (verb) – discard, get rid of, do away with, dispose of.
  111. religiosity (noun) – strong religious belief.
  112. win over (phrasal verb) – persuade, convince, induce, sway, prevail on.
  113. fold (noun) – group.
  114. astute (noun) – shrewd, sharp, clever, acute.
  115. encompass (verb) – embrace, include, incorporate, involve.
  116. sustained (adjective) – continuous, steady, constant.
  117. expeditiously (adverb) – quickly and efficiently.
  118. ring-fence (verb) – reserve or set aside something (especially, money, fund, etc) for a particular purpose and not use it for anything else.
  119. predatory (adjective) – exploitative, greedy, rapacious, avaricious.
  120. elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (New dawn in Dravidian politics) – May 06, 2021

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