The Hindu Lead Article (Listening to the call of the informal) – Feb 07, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Listening to the call of the informal) – Feb 07, 2020

A week after the Budget, it is clear that successive policies of the government over the years have left the informal sector stigmatised. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Listening to the call of the informal) – Feb 07, 2020.

To read this article, click here.

This preview is provided here with permission.  

Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Listening to the call of the informal) – Feb 07, 2020:

  1. call (noun) – appeal, plea, requirement, need, demand.
  2. entrepreneur (noun) – businessman, businesswoman, business person.
  3. fringe (noun) – the border, the outer edges (of an area/group).
  4. informal sector (noun) – informal economy, grey economy is the part of an economy that is neither taxed, nor monitored by any form of government.
  5. stigmatise (verb) – condemn, denounce, criticize; discredit, dishonour, disgrace, .
  6. dress up (phrasal verb) – present, represent, portray/depict.
  7. formality (noun) – normal procedure, official procedure, rule, regulation.
  8. dampen (verb) – decrease, diminish/lessen, reduce.
  9. formalisation (noun) – the extent/degree/level to which rules and procedures are followed in an organization.
  10. background paper (noun) – (In research) background paper/article is something which discusses topic of research in depth & examines the main/important factors/issues involved in it.
  11. formalise (verb) – legalize, legitimize, agree to (rules & regulations).
  12. trap (noun) – inescapable & very bad situation.
  13. last-mile (adjective) – relating to the costs that are incurred to deliver a particular goods/service to retail end-users/customers (in the final leg/phase of sales/services networks).
  14. adverse (adjective) – unfavourable, disadvantageous, bad.
  15. anthropologist (noun) – an expert in or student of anthropology (the study of human beings (humanity)).
  16. come off (phrasal verb) – become detached from something.
  17. demerit (noun) – disadvantage, fault.
  18. perspective (noun) – view/outlook, aspect, approach.
  19. add to (verb) – increase, escalate, inflate.
  20. outweigh (verb) – be greater than; offset, cancel out.
  21. peer (noun) – equal, fellow, match, like.
  22. mentoring (noun) – training & counseling new employees in a company.
  23. (take) time off (phrase) – stop working (an usual one) temporarily (to do a different job).
  24. soft skills (noun) – the set of behaviors and personality traits that characterize a person’s relationships with other people.
  25. global supply chain (noun) – a dynamic worldwide network when a company purchases or uses goods or services from overseas. It involves people, information, processes and resources involved in the production, handling and distribution of materials and finished products or providing a service to the customer.
  26. point out (phrasal verb) – indicate, mention, refer to.
  27. tap into (verb) – draw on, exploit, make use of, use/utilize.
  28. counter (verb) – respond to, contradict, negate.
  29. drive (noun) – campaign, movement, effort, push.
  30. thrust (noun) – intention, significance, essence/purpose.
  31. gig economy (noun) – a labour market characterised by the prevalence of short-term contracts or freelance work, as opposed to permanent jobs. (Courtesy: BBC)
  32. dynamism (noun) – strength, powerfulness, potency/efficacy.
  33. reorient (verb) – change the focus on.
  34. necessitate (verb) – require, need, demand.
  35. denigrate (verb) – criticise, attack, insult.
  36. on one’s own terms (phrase) – in accordance with one’s wishes.
  37. the bottom of the pyramid (phrase) – poorest (people).
  38. heartland (noun) – the most important part of a field of activity; the central part of something.
  39. cluster (noun) – collection, group, bunch.
  40. clout (noun) – influence, power, control.
  41. drumbeat (noun) – forceful pushing (for a cause).
  42. vocal (adjective) – insistent, vigorous; keen, zealous/passionate, enthusiastic.
  43. harp on (phrasal verb) – talk or write/complain continuously and lengthy on a particular subject.
  44. hire and fire (phrase) – it means to employ new staff and dismiss existing staff (very frequently) (to demonstrate that an employer has authority, ability or capacity to do so).
  45. advocate (verb) – support, promote, champion/espouse.
  46. scramble (verb) – struggle, hurry/hasten, rush.
  47. safety net (noun) – something which gives protection against misfortune or difficulty.
  48. precarious (adjective) – uncertain/unsure, insecure, unreliable/risky.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Listening to the call of the informal) – Feb 07, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Listening to the call of the informal) – Feb 07, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Listening to the call of the informal) – Feb 07, 2020

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