The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021

On May 5, the Supreme Court of India declared as unconstitutional a Maharashtra law which provided for reservation to the Maratha community in education and public employment in the State. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021:

  1. interpretation (noun) – explanation, elucidation, clarification, definition; examination, evaluation, analysis.  
  2. impede (verb) – hinder, obstruct, hamper, disrupt.
  3. just (adjective) – fair, equitable, even-handed, impartial, unbiased.
  4. social order (noun) – it refers to a stable state of society in which the existing social structure is accepted and maintained by its members.
  5. reservation (noun) – a system of affirmative action in India that provides historically disadvantaged groups representation in education, employment, and politics.
  6. divest (verb) – deprive, strip, dispossess, relieve.
  7. backwardness (noun) – the condition/state of not developed.
  8. hit (verb) – affect badly, damage, have a negative impact on.
  9. federalism/federal framework/system (noun) – a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  10. unconstitutional (adjective) – not permitted by the constitution.
  11. bench (noun) – a court of law with a number of judges.
  12. finding  (noun) – decision, conclusion, result.
  13. emanate (verb) – emerge, ensue, come out, arise, originate.
  14. hold (verb) – rule, decide.
  15. constitute (verb) – be regarded as, be equivalent to, embody, act as; account for, comprise, represent.
  16. breach (noun) – contravention, violation, breaking, non-observance.
  17. disallow (verb) – reject, refuse, dismiss, say no to.
  18. dissent (verb) – disagree with, fail to agree with, refuse to support, object to, dispute, challenge.
  19. athwart (preposition) – in opposition to, counter to.
  20. equality (noun) – fairness, justness, egalitarianism, equal rights/opportunities, non-discrimination.
  21. regard (verb) – consider, view, think of, deem, interpret, value.
  22. rhetoric (noun) – the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  23. integral (adjective) – essential, fundamental, basic, intrinsic.
  24. ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
  25. stem from (phrasal verb) – originate from, arise/come from, emanate from.
  26. Article 16 (4) of the Constitution (noun) – Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State.
  27. Article 15 (4) of the Constitution (noun) – Nothing in this article or in clause ( 2 ) of Article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
  28. confer (verb) – present, give, grant.
  29. clause (noun) – (legal) term, provision, stipulation, requirement, condition.
  30. envision (verb) – visualize, envisage, imagine.
  31. to that end (phrase) – for that reason, with that goal.
  32. excess (noun) – the act of exceeding an allowable/preferable limit/level.
  33. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  34. override (verb) – reject, cancel, reverse, revoke, overrule, nullify.
  35. lay to rest (phrase) – to end something.
  36. inherent (adjective) – implicit, intrinsic, fundamental, basic.
  37. affirmative action (noun) – it means positive steps taken to increase the representation of (women and) minorities in areas of employment, education, and culture from which they have been historically excluded.
  38. objective (noun) – aim, intention, purpose, target, goal.
  39. substantive (adjective) – important, significant, considerable.
  40. substantive equality (noun) – this goes beyond the basics (i.e. all are equal & be treated alike) and identifies underlying structural or characteristic differences. It is concerned with equitable outcomes and equal opportunities for disadvantaged and marginalized people and groups in society. “Substantive equality of opportunity” prevails with respect to some desirable position or ranked order of positions just in case all members of society are eligible to apply for the position, applications are fairly judged on their merits and the most meritorious are selected, and sufficient opportunity to develop the qualifications needed for successful application is available to all.
  41. deem (verb) – consider, regard as, view as; think.
  42. incongruous (adjective) – contradictory, irreconcilable, clashing/conflicting.
  43. sustain (verb) – continue, carry on, keep up, maintain.
  44. paradox (noun) – contradiction, mystery, conundrum, anomaly.
  45. on the one hand (phrase) – it is used to introduce the first of two contrasting different, points, facts, or ways of looking at something.  It is always followed later by “on the other hand” or ‘on the other’.
  46. embed (verb) – incorporate, include, implant.
  47. vision (noun) – concept, idea, notion.
  48. on the other hand (phrase) – as an alternative, or, as another option, as a substitute.
  49. barring (preposition) – except for, with the exception of, excepting, excluding, omitting, leaving out.
  50. exceptional (adjective) – rare, unusual; special.
  51. circumstances (noun) – situation, condition, context.
  52. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
  53. incompatible (adjective) – conflicting, opposite, contradictory.
  54. upshot (noun) – result, consequence, repercussion, outcome/effect.
  55. obeisance (noun) – respectfulness, honour, reverence.
  56. ideal (noun) – principle, standard, rule of living, moral value, belief.
  57. stand (noun) – stance, point of view, viewpoint, opinion, standpoint, perspective, position.
  58. determination (noun) – setting/fixing, arrangement, naming, nomination, establishment.
  59. National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) (noun) – National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) was initially constituted by the Central Govt by The National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993 and so far the Commission had been reconstituted 7 times up to 2016. It had the power to examine complaints regarding inclusion or exclusion of groups within the list of backward classes, and advise the central government in this regard. The Central Govt has repealed The National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993 in 2018. The present Commission (8th) has been accorded Constitutional Status and constituted through “The Constitution (One Hundred and Second Amendment) Act, 2018”, whereby Article 338B has been inserted, forming a Commission for the socially and educationally backward classes to be known as NCBC.
  60. keep out (phrasal verb) – exclude, deny access to, reject.
  61. entitle (verb) – allow, permit, grant, give the right.
  62. categorise (verb) – class, group, list, label.
  63. autonomy (noun) – independence, freedom; self-governmentself-rule.
  64. in contrast to (phrase) – in opposition to.
  65. inception (noun) – origination, establishment, institution, foundation/formation.
  66. (be) vested with (verb) – give (someone) the legal right.
  67. solely (adverb) – only, simply, merely.
  68. hold good/hold true (phrase) – remain true; remain valid.
  69. 102nd Constitution Amendment (noun) – The 102nd amendment deals with the constitutional status of the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC). Article 338B deals with the structure, duties and powers of the commission while 342-A speaks about the power of the Indian President to notify a class as Socially and Educationally Backward (SEBC) and the power of Parliament to alter the central SEBC list.
  70. Article 342A of the Constitution (noun) – Article 342A empowers the President to specify the socially and educationally backward communities in a State in consultation with the Governor.
  71. stipulate (verb) – demand, specify, state (a requirement clearly).
  72. Article 366(26C) of the Constitution (noun) – In article 366 of the Constitution, a clause (26c) is inserted, namely -“socially and educationally backward classes” means the backward classes as are so deemed under article 342A for the purposes of this Constitution.
  73. interpret (verb) – explain, elucidate, clarify, make clear.
  74. predominantly (adverb) – mainly, mostly, commonly.
  75. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, have recourse to.
  76. overlook (verb) – neglect, ignore, disregard, turn a blind eye.
  77. contradistinction (noun) – dissimilarity, contrast, distinction, differentiation.
  78. Central List (noun) – it includes subjects that give powers to the central government. (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, the legislative section is divided into three lists: the Union List, State List and Concurrent List).
  79. State List (noun) – it includes subjects that give powers to the state governments. (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, the legislative section is divided into three lists: the Union List, State List and Concurrent List).
  80. Concurrent List (noun) – the list which includes the power to be considered by both the union and state government (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India).
  81. categorisation (noun) – classification, sorting.
  82. ground (noun) – reason, cause, basis, factor.
  83. assuage (verb) – alleviate, soothe, mitigate, lessen, decrease, reduce, lower.
  84. proposition (noun) – concept, premise, idea/plan.
  85. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, stipulation, requirement, condition.
  86. Articles 341 & 342 of the Constitution (noun) – Article 341 and 342 of the Constitution of India define as to who would be Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes with respect to any State or Union Territory.
  87. impinge on (verb) – influence, have an effect on.
  88. concede (verb) – admit, acknowledge, accept, recognize.
  89. plausible (adjective) – likely, probable, possible; believable, conceivable.
  90. equitable (adjective) – fair, just, unbiased, impartial, even-handed.
  91. dispossess (verb) – divest, strip, deprive.
  92. time-honoured (adjective) – enduring, lasting, established.
  93. take away (phrasal verb) – remove, take out, deprive, divest, strip.
  94. denude (verb) – divest, strip of, deprive of (something).
  95. offensive (adjective) – unacceptable, disrespectful; hostile, invading, threatening.
  96. by no means (phrase) – not at all, in no way, certainly not, absolutely not, definitely not.
  97. superficial (adjective) – unimportant, insignificant, trivial.
  98. insofar as (phrase) – to the extent/degree that.
  99. plea (noun) – appeal, petition.
  100. imperative (adjective) – vitally important, all-important, crucial, critical, essential, necessary.
  101. express (adjective) – rapid, swift, fast, quick, prompt.
  102. offend (verb) – upset, displease, distress, hurt, insult, humiliate, embarrass.
  103. delicate (adjective) – tricky, sensitive.
  104. balance (noun) – fairness, justice, impartiality, egalitarianism, equal opportunity.
  105. at the heart of (phrase) – at the most important part of.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Interpretations which impede a just social order) – May 20, 2021

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