The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021

Several lucky Indians have taken their vaccine shots and flown abroad. With relief, they are getting back to their own normal lives. A year ago, all Indians were startled to be locked in. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021:

  1. gleam (verb) – shine/glow, glitter, glimmer.
  2. architecture (noun) – structure, form/shape, formation, composition, organization.
  3. from the ground (phrase) – elementary level.
  4. lives (mass noun) – way of life, lifestyle.
  5. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  6. shot (noun) – injection, inoculation (of a vaccine/drug). 
  7. abroad (adverb) – to a foreign country.
  8. get back (phrasal verb) – recoup, reclaim, recover, regain, retrieve.
  9. startle (verb) – surprise, shock, frighten/scare.
  10. lock in (phrasal verb) – to prevent someone from leaving a house (by locking the door).
  11. break out (of) (phrasal verb) – to escape from, to flee from.
  12. shelter (noun) – a place of safety, place of shelter, accommodation; safe house; home, housing.
  13. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  14. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  15. expose (verb) – reveal, uncover, display, exhibit, disclose, manifest, unveil.
  16. precariousness (noun) – insecurity, vulnerability, uncertainty.
  17. rush (verb) – act rapidly/hurriedly.
  18. vows (noun) – a set of promises.
  19. build back better (BBB) (noun) – a slogan of the Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign.
  20. resilient (adjective) – strong, sturdy, well built, buoyant, quick to recover, flexible, durable.
  21. just (adjective) – fair, fair-minded, equitable, even-handed, impartial.
  22. indices plural of index (noun) – indicator, guide.
  23. march (noun) – progress, advance,  development, evolution.
  24. keen (adjective) – determined, desirous, ambitious.
  25. quarter (noun) – source, direction, point.
  26. Gross domestic product (GDP) (noun) – a measure of economic activity in a country. It is the total value of a country’s annual output of goods and services.
  27. lose sight of (phrase) – pay no attention to, fail to consider, fail to be aware of.
  28. pooh-pooh (verb) – dismiss, reject, brush aside, play down.
  29. Global Hunger Index (GHI) (noun) – a tool for comprehensively measuring and tracking hunger at global, regional, and national levels. GHI scores are based on the values of four component indicators:  the share of the population with insufficient caloric intake (undernourishment), wasting (under five), stunting (under five) and child mortality.
  30. amongst (preposition) – between, with one another, together.
  31. World Happiness Report, 2021 (noun) – a landmark survey of the state of global happiness that ranks 156 countries by how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be. The rankings of country happiness are based this year on the pooled results from Gallup World Poll surveys from 2017-2019 and continue to show both change and stability. The top countries tend to have high values for most of the key variables that have been found to support well-being, including income, healthy life expectancy, social support, freedom, trust, and generosity.
  32. Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) (noun) – The UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) was set up in 2012 under the auspices of (with the help of) the UN Secretary-General. SDSN mobilizes global scientific and technological expertise to promote practical solutions for sustainable development, including the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Climate Agreement. SDSN works closely with United Nations agencies, multilateral financing institutions, the private sector, and civil society.
  33. perception (noun) – impression, feeling, observation, thought, belief.
  34. well-being (noun) – a healthy state/condition.
  35. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  36. inequity (noun) – unfairness, unjustness, one-sidedness, partisanship, bias, prejudice, discrimination.
  37. aerodynamic (adjective) – relating to aerodynamics (the way air moves around things. The rules of aerodynamics explain how an aeroplane is able to fly. Anything that moves through air reacts to aerodynamics).
  38. stress test (noun) – a test to analyse the function of a system when it is subjected to more pressure.
  39. flaw (noun) – defect, fault, imperfection/weakness.
  40. stock market (noun) – equity market, share market, a stock exchange. It is where traders buy and sell shares of companies on a public exchange.
  41. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, comprise, form, represent.
  42. buzz around (verb) – move around quickly & busily; to be busy.
  43. migrant (adjective) – travelling, wandering, moving.
  44. capital (noun) – All wealthy people as a whole.
  45. at will (phrase) – as one wishes, to suit oneself, at one’s pleasure, at one’s discretion.
  46. vie (verb) – compete strongly with someone to get/achieve something; fight, contend, lock horns.
  47. foreign capital (noun) – a comprehensive term and includes any inflow of capital (resources) in the home country from abroad.
  48. bend  (verb) – deviate, diverge, change/alter.
  49. regulation (noun) – rule, ruling, order, directive, act.
  50. migrant (noun) – a person who moves from one region to another – either within a country or across national borders in order to find work or better living conditions.
  51. Ease of Doing Business (noun) – it is about different parameters which define the ease of doing business in a country; (Ease of doing business index is annually published by the World Bank. Doing business ranking is based on quantitative indicators on regulation for starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency).
  52. perspective (noun) – position, stand, angle, interpretation.
  53. moreover (adverb) – besides, furthermore, in addition.
  54. at the cost of (phrase) – by sacrificing/losing/giving up something.
  55. assessment (noun) – evaluation, judgement, analysis.
  56. framework (noun) – structure, system, organization.
  57. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  58. sustainability (noun) – the ability to exist constantly; it refers generally to the capacity for the biosphere and human civilization to co-exist.
  59. externality (noun) – products, by-products; end result, outcome, repercussion/reverberations.
  60. trample (upon) (verb) – disregard, show no consideration for, treat disrespectfully, treat with contempt.
  61. rush (noun) – hurry, haste, urgency.
  62. universally (adverb) – broadly, generally, commonly; invariably, without exception (including all).
  63. scorecard (noun) – a report used to estimate success/growth.
  64. weightage (noun) – importance, significance, value.
  65. arrive at (verb) – attain, reach, gain, accomplish.
  66. objective (adjective) – factual, actual, real.
  67. miss the point (phrase) – overlook, fail to understand.
  68. subjective (adjective) – personal, personalized, individual, internal.
  69. fairness (noun) – impartiality, integrity, righteousness.
  70. socialist (adjective) – adhering to the principles of socialism; leftist.
  71. per capita (adverb & adjective) – per person, for each, individually.
  72. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  73. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (noun) – The sustainable development goals (SDGs) are a new, universal set of goals, targets, and indicators that UN member states will be expected to use to frame their agendas and political policies over the next 15 years.
  74. lapse into (verb) – revert, relapse, fall back; deteriorate, decline, worsen, degenerate; 
  75. chase (verb) – try to obtain, seek to attain/achieve something.
  76. tout (verb) – endorse, praise, recommend, support.
  77. centralise (verb) – concentrate, bring under one roof, consolidate, control (under one authority).
  78. (with/at the) stroke of a pen (phrase) – used to highlight that something important is done quickly & easily by signing a document.
  79. indifference (noun) – unconcern about, apathy about, lack of interest in, disregard for.
  80. less well off (adjective) – less wealthy, less well-to-do, less affluent.
  81. backwardness (noun) – the condition/state of not developed.
  82. God-given (adjective) – gotten from God.
  83. lot (noun) – wealth.
  84. tyranny (noun) – absolute power, autocracy, dictatorship, undemocratic rule, totalitarianism, Fascism.
  85. common good (noun) – general welfare, or public benefit.
  86. ideology (noun) – a system of belief, set of principles.
  87. individualism (noun) – independence, self-direction, self-reliance.
  88. societal (adjective) – relating to society.
  89. conveniently (adverb) – suitably, favourably, advantageously.
  90. substantially (adverb) – considerably, significantly, largely.
  91. well-off (adjective) – wealthy, rich, affluent.
  92. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  93. Tryst with Destiny (phrase) – Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, delivered his “Tryst with Destiny” speech on the eve of independence (15th, Aug 1947, towards midnight on 14th, Aug 1947). It is considered to be one of the greatest speeches of the 20th century. This phrase means that “independence/freedom of India destined to happen”. Literally ‘tryst with destiny’ means “to make a secret deal with something that is in destined for us”.
  94. set out (phrasal verb) – present, describe, set forth.
  95. ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, destroy.
  96. leave behind (phrasal verb) – abandon.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India does not shine when only some gleam) – Mar 31, 2021

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