The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021

The heart-wrenching scenes of Myanmarese citizens, including little children — fleeing from a junta bent on killing its way into power in Myanmar — being turned away at the Indian border in the Northeast has once again revived the domestic debate… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021:

  1. refugee (noun) – displaced person, asylum seeker, exile, deportee, stateless person, émigré.
  2. clinically (adverb) – neutrally & effectively.
  3. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  4. institutional (adjective) – organized, formal, structured, regulated, systematic.
  5. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  6. heart-wrenching (adjective) – distressing, very sad, worrying, disturbing.
  7. flee (verb) – run away, run off, take flight, escape.
  8. junta (noun) – a military group that takes over the government by force.
  9. bent on (adjective) – determined on, insistent on, fixed on, hell-bent on, firm about.
  10. turn away (phrasal verb) – repel, reject, rebuff, send away.
  11. revive (verb) – reintroduce, bring back, regenerate, reinstitute.
  12. plight (noun) – difficult situation, trouble/difficulty, quandary.
  13. precede (verb) – come/go before, go in advance of, lead up to.
  14. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019. It amended the Citizenship Act, 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for illegal migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities, who had fled persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan before December 2014. Muslims from those countries were not given such eligibility.
  15. seek (verb) – request, appeal, ask for.
  16. refuge (noun) – protection, shelter, place of safety, place of security.
  17. cut-off year (noun) – the year at which a process/course of action is stopped (from continuing).
  18. in any case (phrase) – moreover.
  19. unlikely (adjective) – doubtful, implausible, improbable, questionable.
  20. any time soon (phrase) – in the very near future (but an exact time or date isn’t known).
  21. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  22. geopolitical (adjective) – relating to (the study of) the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources &, etc.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  23. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  24. context (noun) – situation; circumstances, conditions, state of affairs.
  25. put in place (phrase) – establish, set up, create/form.
  26. immigrant (noun) – non-native, foreigner, migrant.
  27. emphatically (adverb) – vehemently, fiercely, forcefully; clearly, noticeably, obviously.
  28. over time (phrase) – it describes something which happens gradually.
  29. neighbouring (adjective) – adjacent.
  30. come to an end (phrase) – stop, finish, cease, terminate, to reach an end.
  31. fabric (noun) – the basic/fundamental structure.
  32. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  33. growing (adjective) – increasing.
  34. subsume (verb) – include, incorporate, absorb, encompass.
  35. at best (phrase) – only, merely.
  36. relegate (verb) – downgrade, lower; degrade/reduce to.
  37. backburner (noun) – delayed consideration of action; A state of being postponed, deferred, or given lower priority.
  38. persecution (noun) – oppression, victimization, discrimination.
  39. at home (phrase) – in one’s own country/place.
  40. bunch (verb) – cluster, group, gather, collect, assemble (together).
  41. jumble up (verb) – mix updisorganize, disorder, confuse.
  42. remedy (noun) – solution, answer, antidote/panacea.
  43. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity, dearth.
  44. utility (noun) – usefulness, advantage, benefit, value, helpfulness, effectiveness, efficacy.
  45. ambiguity (noun) – inexactness, doubtfulness, obscurity/opacity.
  46. framework (noun) – structure, system.
  47. Foreigners Act, 1946 (noun) – An Act to confer upon the Central Government certain powers in respect of foreigners. (as per this Act, “foreigner” means “a person who is not a citizen of India”).
  48. needless to say (phrase) – as you would expect, of course, obviously, clearly.
  49. ill-equipped (adjective) – not ready, unready, off guard.
  50. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, requirement, condition.
  51. 1951 refugee convention & 1967 Protocol (noun) – the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, adopted in 1951, is the centrepiece of international refugee protection. (1) The Convention entered into force on 22 April 1954, and it has been subject to only one amendment in the form of a 1967 Protocol, which removed the geographic and temporal limits of the 1951 Convention. The 1951 Convention consolidates previous international instruments relating to refugees and provides the most comprehensive codification of the rights of refugees at the international level.
  52. convention (noun) – agreement, accord, protocol, pact.
  53. pertain to (verb) – concern, relate to, be connected with.
  54. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  55. whereby (relative adverb) – by which.
  56. primarily (adverb) – basically, especially, particularly.
  57. ad hocism (noun) – actions/measures to deal with specific & urgent issues/situations only.
  58. enable (verb) – permit, allow, facilitate.
  59. pick and choose (phrase) – select only the best.
  60. politicisation (noun) – a state/condition/situation of something which is influenced/controlled by politics.
  61. faultline (noun) – a divisive issue; a difference of opinion.
  62. lay down (phrasal verb) – formulate, stipulate, frame, draw up.
  63. open the door (phrase) – create opportunities, create chances.
  64. consideration (noun) – a factor, point, aspect (taken into account).
  65. irk (verb) – irritate/ annoy, displease, anger.
  66. Naypyidaw (proper noun) – the capital city of Myanmar (Burma).
  67. interest (noun) – common concern; benefit, advantage.
  68. prompt (verb) – induce, cause, motivate, persuade, encourage, impel, urge.
  69. hypothetically (adverb) – theoretically, speculatively, notionally, suppositionally.
  70. signatory (noun) – the person who signed an official document/agreement.
  71. temper (verb) – moderate, tone down, mitigate, decrease, lessen.
  72. stellar (adjective) – exceptional, extraordinary, remarkable, outstanding.
  73. come under (phrasal verb) – be subjected to.
  74. stress (noun) – pressure, tension, strain.
  75. of late (phrase) – recently, lately, in recent times.
  76. in spite of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  77. instrument (noun) – scheme, system (to achieve/attain something).
  78. interpretation (noun) – meaning, understanding, explanation, reading, definition.
  79. track record (noun) – previous performance, previous accomplishments, previous achievements.
  80. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support/protection; ill-protected, easily affected by, prone to, at risk of.
  81. unreservedly (adverb) – completely, unconditionally, categorically.
  82. accede to (verb) – agree to, consent to, accept.
  83. for one (phrase) – used for highlighting that someone is thinking in a particular way, even if other people are not.
  84. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  85. put differently (phrase) – express differently, put/express in other words.
  86. deprive of (verb) – dispossess, strip of, deny, prevent from having.
  87. pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  88. on the other hand (phrase) – as an alternative, or, as another option, as a substitute.
  89. proposition (noun) – theory, concept, premise, idea.
  90. lop-sidedness (noun) – one-sidedness.
  91. highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize, call attention to.
  92. non-accession (noun) – non-assent, non-consent, non-agreement (of a convention/protocol).
  93. treaty (noun) – agreement, accord, pact, compact, protocol.
  94. lopsided (adjective) – asymmetrical, uneven, unequal.
  95. obsession (noun) – the particular condition of having unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas &, etc., about someone or something (all the time);  fixation, preoccupation, concern, mania/craze/phobia.
  96. at the cost of (phrase) – by sacrificing/losing/giving up something.
  97. backing (noun) – support, help, assistance.
  98. scholar (noun) – academic, intellectual, expert/pundit, learned person.
  99. The (Global) North (noun) – the economically developed countries (of Europe, North America, Australia, amongst others).
  100. The (Global) South (noun) – the poor developing countries (of Asia, Africa, South America, amongst others).
  101. letter and spirit (phrase) – adhering to/obeying both literal interpretation/wording and the spirit/intent/purpose of the law.
  102. accession (noun) – assent, consent, agreement (of a convention/protocol).
  103. conditional (adjective) – subject to, dependent on, depending on, contingent on.
  104. roll back (phrasal verb) – revoke, withdraw, cancel, nullify.
  105. non-entrée (adjective) – no entry, no admission, no access.
  106. regime (noun) – system.
  107. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  108. constitute (verb) – amount to, add up to, account for, comprise, represent.
  109. carrier sanctions (noun) – Carrier sanctions are penalties given to transport companies if they carry improperly documented passengers.
  110. interdiction (noun) – The action of preventing banned people’s movement.
  111. welfare (noun) – a government program that provides (financial) assistance to individuals and families in need; social security, public assistance.
  112. asylum seeker (noun) – someone seeking a foreign country to provide protection to him/her who is unable or unwilling to return to their home country due to fear of persecution (harm, harassment or oppression); displaced person, exile, outcast.
  113. detention (noun) – imprisonment, confinement/incarceration, captivity, custody.
  114. exemplary (adjective) – typical, characteristic, representative, illustrative.
  115. pragmatic (adjective) – practical, realistic, sensible, rational, reasonable.
  116. mix up (phrasal verb) – confusemuddle, jumble up, scramble.
  117. raging (adjective) – furious, enraged, incensed.
  118. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  119. lie in (phrasal verb) – be present, be contained, exist.
  120. discriminatory (adjective) – biased, unfair/unjust, inequitable, partisan.
  121. untenable (adjective) – unjustified, unacceptable; faulty/flawed; illogical/irrational.
  122. discrimination (noun) – prejudice, intolerance, inequity, unfairness (against an individual or group of individuals by society and its institutions (basically in the procedures, policies, or objectives) as a whole.
  123. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  124. illicit (adjective) – illegal, banned, prohibited (something forbidden by society).
  125. incentivise (verb) – encourage, motivate, galvanize.
  126. distinction (noun) – difference, differentiation, variation.
  127. migrant (noun) – a person who moves from one region to another – either within a country or across national borders in order to find work or better living conditions.
  128. expediency (noun) – advantage, benefit, utility.
  129. counterproductive (adjective) – harmful, damaging, dangerous/destructive.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India does have a refugee problem) – Apr 10, 2021

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