The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021

An atmosphere of unpredictability prevails as regards India-China relations, even as China embarks on its 100th anniversary celebrations of the foundation of the Communist Party of China (CPC). For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021:

  1. centenary (adjective) – relating to a hundredth anniversary.
  2. backdrop (noun) – situation, scenario, context.
  3. muscular (adjective) – strong, powerful, vigorous, aggressive.
  4. stem from (phrasal verb) – originate from, arise/come from, emanate from.
  5. tension (noun) – strained relations.
  6. unpredictability (noun) – changeability.
  7. prevail (verb) – exist, be in existence, be present, be prevalent.
  8. as regards (phrase) – concerning, with regard to, with respect to, with reference to.
  9. embark on (phrasal verb) – start, begin, commence, enter on.
  10. Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (noun) – also known as the Communist Party of China (CPC); it is the founding and ruling political party of modern China, officially known as the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
  11. bloodiest superlative adjective of bloody (adjective) – vicious, cruel, savage, fierce, brutal.
  12. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  13. vivid (adjective) – evocative, emotive, unforgettable, memorable.
  14. disengagement (noun) – withdrawal, departure, retreat (of military troops from an area of conflict).
  15. vicinity (noun) – surrounding area, neighbourhood.
  16. stalemate (noun) – deadlock, impasse, standstill/stand-off.
  17. manoeuvre (noun) – activity, plan/operation, stratagem, tactic (carefully planned).
  18. reportedly (adverb) – supposedly, seemingly, apparently, allegedly.
  19. militia (noun) – armed forces, military unit, soldiery (from the civil population to support main forces).
  20. deploy (verb) – (of troops) move into position, position, station, post, place
  21. altitude (noun) – height, elevation, distance above the ground/sea.
  22. warfare (noun) – war, fighting, combat, armed conflict.
  23. deployment (noun) – the act of moving troops into position; the bringing of resources into effective action.
  24. riposte (noun) – answer, reply, response, retaliation.
  25. indelible (adjective) – permanent, lasting, inerasable.
  26. imprint (noun) – lasting impact, effect, influence, impression.
  27. giant (noun) – a very large country.
  28. provocation (noun) – annoyance, irritation, agitation, vexation; stirring, goading, prompting.
  29. platoon (noun) – unit, troop, squad, contingent, regiment.
  30. forthcoming (adjective) – available, made available, ready, accessible, obtainable.
  31. reset (noun) – re-establishment.
  32. ground (verb) – base, form, establish.
  33. world/international/global order (noun) – the arrangement of power and authority that provides the system for the conduct of diplomacy and world politics in relation to the entire world.
  34. G-7 or Group of Seven (noun) – a multilateral forum made up of the world’s seven largest so-called developed countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. They meet annually to discuss and exchange ideas on a broad range of issues, including global economy, security and energy.
  35. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (noun) – NATO was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union.
  36. unlikely (adjective) – doubtful, implausible, improbable, questionable.
  37. deter (verb) – prevent, stop, avert, impede.
  38. notwithstanding (conjunction) – although, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, even though.
  39. Quad/Quadrilateral (noun) – The ‘Quadrilateral’ is described as four democracies (the United States, Japan, Australia and India) with a shared objective to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region.
  40. The Indo-Pacific (region) (noun) – the Indo-Pacific region refers to the confluence (convergence) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, which interconnect in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, and more).
  41. rattle (verb) – disturb, discomfit, disconcert/unnerve.
  42. indulge in (verb) – become involved in (an undesirable activity).
  43. verge on (verb) – tend towards, incline to, border on, approach, be close/near to.
  44. the erratic (noun) – unpredictable/unreliable thing.
  45. cater for (phrasal verb) – take something into account.
  46. eventuality (noun) – a possible outcome, possibility.
  47. vis-à-vis (preposition) – concerning, with regard to, in relation to, as/in comparison with, in connection with (Vis-à-vis from Latin via. French, means literally “face-to-face).
  48. delve into (verb) – investigate, examine, inquire into, probe.
  49. on account of (phrase) – because of, owing to, due to, by virtue of.
  50. ill-conceived (adjective) – absurd, ridiculous, not carefully planned.
  51. famine (noun) – deficiency, shortfall, lack, insufficiency, scarcity (of food).
  52. misadventure (noun) – misfortune; problem/difficulty, mishap/setback.
  53. Great Leap Forward (noun) – The Great Leap Forward of the People’s Republic of China was an economic and social campaign led by the Chinese Communist Party from 1958 to 1962. Chairman Mao Zedong launched the campaign to reconstruct the country from an agrarian economy into a modern industrial society with greater ability to compete with Western industrialized nations. But, the Great Leap Forward resulted in one of the world’s worst famines and turned into a national disaster; in all, about 20 million people were estimated to have died. It was the largest single, non-wartime campaign of mass killing in human history.
  54. surmise (verb) – guess, conjecture, suspect, conclude, speculate.
  55. turmoil (noun) – disorder, turbulence, confusion, trouble, chaos.
  56. dissident (noun) – dissenter, objector, protester, disputant.
  57. autocratic (adjective) – undemocratic, totalitarian, authoritarian; domineering, high-handed.
  58. Tiananmen Square (Incident/Protest) (noun) – the famous landmark gathering and protest by a large number of Chinese youth, that started on April 15, 1989 and was forcibly suppressed on June 4, 1989 at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China. The popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests is sometimes called the ’89 Democracy Movement. In this massive pro-democracy protest, many (in hundreds) were killed in a brutal clampdown by the communist authorities. It is commonly known as the June Fourth Incident.
  59. in a hurry (phrase) – in a rushed/quick/hurried manner.
  60. consolidate (verb) – strengthen, make stronger, reinforce, fortify.
  61. pre-eminence (noun) – superiority, supremacy, greatness.
  62. assiduously (adverb) – diligently, carefully, meticulously.
  63. super power (noun) – a very powerful and dominant country. This is done through the combined means of economic, military, technological, political and cultural strength as well as diplomatic and soft power influence.
  64. stall (verb) – obstruct, block, interrupt, stop, halt, restrict.
  65. in sight (phrase) – observable, noticeable, visible, recognizable, near at hand.
  66. on the other hand (phrase) – as an alternative.
  67. expose (verb) – reveal, show, display, exhibit, unveil.
  68. shortfall (noun) – deficit, inadequacy, deficiency.
  69. with regard to (phrase) – regarding, concerning, with respect to, in respect of, with reference to.
  70. mechanisation (noun) – supplying a military force with modern weapons. 
  71. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) (noun) – People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the country of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is one of the largest military forces in the world.
  72. mechanise (verb) – equip (with modern machines).
  73. attribute (adjective) – ascribe, assign, connect/associate with.
  74. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  75. concentration (noun) – centralization.
  76. omniscience (noun) – the capacity to know everything. 
  77. run into (verb) – experience, under go, go through a problem or difficulty..
  78. awry (adjective) – amiss, wrong.
  79. slow down (phrasal verb) – reduce, lessen decrease.
  80. bet on (phrasal verb) – to be certain/confident that something will take place.
  81. prowess (noun) – courage, bravery, valour; expertise, mastery, skilfulness.
  82. heft (noun) – influence, ability; weight/strength.
  83. geo-political (adjective) – relating to (the study of) the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources &, etc.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  84. accumulate (verb) – gather, collect, amass.
  85. push through (phrasal verb) – to make a plan to put something into use as quickly as possible.
  86. socialist (adjective) – adhering to the principles of socialism; leftist.
  87. ideology (noun) – a system of belief, set of principles.
  88. characteristic (noun) – attribute, feature, quality, aspect.
  89. demarcate (verb) – delineate, outline, delimit.
  90. predecessor (noun) – previous holder of the post; forerunner, precursor, antecedent.
  91. lasting (adjective) – permanent, long-lasting, long-lived.
  92. legacy (noun) – something received from a predecessor or from the past; something that is given from one person to another.
  93. herald (verb) – signal, indicate, announce, point to, presage, augur, portend, foretell.
  94. perhaps (adverb) – maybe, possibly.
  95. opacity (noun) – opaqueness, non-transparency, obscurity, lack of clarity.
  96. dissidence (noun) – discontent, disapproval, disagreement.
  97. dissension (noun) – disagreement, difference of opinion, dispute, dissent.
  98. monolith (noun as modifier) – a very large thing. 
  99. ideational (adjective) – relating to the formation of ideas.
  100. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  101. upheaval (noun) – disruption, turmoil, disorder, chaos, mayhem.
  102. fissure (noun) – a state of incompatibility; disagreement, gap/crack.
  103. extraneous (adjective) – irrelevant, immaterial, inappropriate/pointless.
  104. anticipate (verb) – expect, foresee, predict.
  105. prelude (noun) – an introduction to the main event; intro, start, beginning, curtain-raiser, overture.
  106. purge (noun) – sudden removal, expulsion eviction, eradication, rooting out (of a group of people).
  107. dissenter (noun) – dissident, objector, protester, disputant.
  108. echelon (noun) – level, rank, grade (in an organization).accumulation
  109. pressure cooker (noun) – very stressful situation.
  110. syndrome (noun) – In general, it means “concurrence-many things happen at the same time”.
  111. safety valve (noun) – a way or medium of expression to release strong feelings without harming oneself & others.
  112. precariously (adverb) – insecurely, unsafely, dangerously, uncertainly.
  113. poise (verb) – get into position, be prepared to do something.
  114. out of sync (phrase) – out of the agreement.
  115. aggravate (verb) – increase, intensify, worsen, exacerbate, compound.
  116. seemingly (adverb) – apparently, evidently, outwardly.
  117. sophisticated (adjective) – highly developed.
  118. diplomatically (adverb) – tactfully, sensitively; in a way that involves ambassadors/diplomats between countries.
  119. ideologically (adverb) – dogmatically, conventionally; in a method which relates to an ideology.
  120. obdurate (adjective) – stubborn, unbending, uncompromising.
  121. coexistence (noun) – The state of two or more different things existing/living together at the same time or in the same place.
  122. sustain (verb) – continue, carry on, keep up, maintain, bolster up.
  123. on guard (phrase) – vigilant, alert, wary, watchful, cautious, careful, heedful.
  124. make a study (phrase) – to try to find out more about something.
  125. Goethe’s Faust (noun) – Faust is a tragic play and considered by many to be Goethe’s (German Poet/Novelist) magnum opus and the greatest work of German literature. Faust has two parts. The first part represents the “small world” and takes place in scholar/legend Faust’s (the principal character of Faust) own local, temporal milieu/territory. In contrast, Part Two takes place in the “wide world”.
  126. model oneself on (verb) – copy, imitate, reproduce, mimic.
  127. advocate (noun) – champion, upholder, supporter, promoter.
  128. Maoism (noun) – it was originated in China as a form of communist theory derived from the teachings of Chinese political leader Mao Zedong.
  129. humiliation (noun) – embarrassment, disgrace, dishonour, shame, indignity, ignominy, loss of pride, loss of face.
  130. at the hands of (phrase) – caused by, done by.
  131. Cultural Revolution (noun) – The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was a decade-long period (from 1966 until 1976) of political and social chaos caused by Mao Zedong’s bid to use the Chinese masses to reassert his control over the Communist party. However, Mao’s decision to launch the “revolution” in May 1966 is now widely interpreted as an attempt to destroy his enemies by unleashing the people on the party and urging them to purify its ranks.
  132. make out (phrasal verb) – see, discern, distinguish, recognize; understand, comprehend, fathom.
  133. faustian (adjective) – it is relating to Faust, a German legend, scholar who traded his soul to the devil in exchange for knowledge.
  134. aggressive (adjective) – hostile, belligerent, bellicose, hawkish, combative.
  135. prepare the ground (phrase) – to pave the way, plan/organize, make it easier for future (development).
  136. Faustian bargain (adjective) – a deal in which one focuses on the present gain without considering the long term consequences. (Faustian is relating to Faust, a German legend who traded his soul to the devil in exchange for knowledge).
  137. bargain (noun) – agreement, arrangement, understanding, deal.
  138. miscalculation (noun) – mistake, blunder, slip-up, error of judgement, overestimate.
  139. cost someone dear (phrase) – to make someone suffer a lot (or) to lose something very important (particularly, as a result of a mistake).

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (In centenary backdrop, this is no hand of peace) – Jul 03, 2021

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