The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021

Disparaging references to “freebies” are a popular trope of media coverage of elections in Tamil Nadu. This Assembly election is no different: free data, free tabs, free washing machines were in the news as political parties released… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021:

  1. go beyond (phrasal verb) – to be more than something; to be better than something; to do more than something.
  2. freebie (noun) – a thing that is provided without charge; giveaway, handout.
  3. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; portrayal/account.
  4. lives (mass noun) – way of life, lifestyle.
  5. disparaging (adjective) – derogatory, belittling, dismissing, insulting, offensive, unfavorable.
  6. trope (noun) – motif, cliché; recurring concept, idea, motive, topic, subject (used many times).
  7. manifesto (noun) – a publication issued by a political party before a General Election. It contains the set of policies that the party stands for and would wish to implement if elected to govern; (policy) statement, declaration, pronouncement.
  8. road map (noun) – schedule of a (complex) program.
  9. scrutiny (noun) – examination, inspection, investigation.
  10. detailed (adjective) – complete, thorough, all-inclusive.
  11. welfare (noun) – a government program that provides (financial) assistance to individuals and families in need; social security, public assistance.
  12. follow through (with) (phrasal verb) – continue, carry out, bring off; bring about, effect.
  13. nutrition (noun) – the process in which necessary food is received/obtained by the living things to grow and be healthy.
  14. pale in/by comparison (phrase) – to seem small/less important/less serious when compared to someone or something.
  15. compensation (noun) – payment, repayment, settlement (for loss/damage). 
  16. primarily (adverb) – basically, especially, particularly.
  17. lean (adjective) – meagre, inadequate, insufficient,  limited, modest, insubstantial, slight.
  18. barely (adverb) – only just, almost not, hardly.
  19. substantive (adjective) – important, significant, considerable.
  20. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  21. merely (adverb) – only, simply, just.
  22. in contrast (phrase) – when compared to another.
  23. corresponding (adjective) – relative, proportional, proportionate, equivalent, consistent, matching.
  24. reservation (noun) – a system of affirmative action in India that provides historically disadvantaged groups representation in education, employment, and politics.
  25. accommodation (noun) – space, room.
  26. and so on (phrase) – or more of the same, and similar things, and the like.
  27. inter- (prefix) – between.
  28. panchami lands (noun) – the lands are assigned to the ‘depressed classes’, the present day Dalits or Panchamars, the lands are presently known as panchami lands.
  29. activist (noun) – a person who supports a political or societal change/cause.
  30. precisely (adverb) – exactly, absolutely, squarely.
  31. woo (verb) – seek the support of, try to win, try to attract, pursue, persuade, coax.
  32. probably (adverb) – most likely, in all likelihood, all things considered, perhaps.
  33. keep alive (phrasal verb) – keep going, continue, sustain.
  34. allegation (noun) – charge, accusation, indictment.
  35. pioneer (noun as modifier) – innovator, groundbreaker, pathfinder, creator, experimenter.
  36. social policy (noun) – it is concerned with the ways societies across the world meet human needs for security, education, work, health, and wellbeing. The social policy addresses how states and societies respond to global challenges of social, demographic, and economic change, and of poverty, migration, and globalisation.
  37. community kitchen (noun) – it serves meals free of charge to all people-without making a distinction of religion, caste, gender, economic status, or ethnicity. (for example: In Sikhism, a langar is the community kitchen of a gurdwara).
  38. maternity (noun) – motherhood.
  39. entitlement (noun) – allowance, allocation, allotment, grant.
  40. pioneer (verb) – develop, introduce, start/begin.
  41. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based, complete/thorough.
  42. modest (adjective) – moderate, fair, tolerable, adequate, satisfactory, acceptable.
  43. welfare state (noun) – a form of government in which the state protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of the citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for citizens unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. A system wherein the government agrees to underwrite certain levels of employment, income, education, medical, social security and housing for all its citizens.
  44. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act/Scheme (MGNREGA), 2005 (noun) – an Indian labour law and social security measure that aims to guarantee the ‘right to work’. It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
  45. Public Distribution System (PDS) (noun) – The Public Distribution System (PDS) in the country facilitates the supply of food grains and distribution of essential commodities to a large number of poor people through a network of Fair Price Shops at a subsidized price on a recurring basis.
  46. gratuity (noun) – it is a monetary benefit given by the employer to his employee at the time of retirement. It is a defined benefit plan where no contributions are made by the employee.
  47. Anganwadi (noun) – a type of rural child care centre in India.
  48. besides (preposition/linking adverb) – in addition to, as well, apart from.
  49. set up (phrasal verb) – establish, start/begin, initiate, institute, create.
  50. breastfeeding (noun) – lactating, nursing a baby.
  51. bear (verb) – carry, support, shoulder.
  52. rearing (noun) – bring up, care for, look after (a child).
  53. nursing (adjective) – lactating, breastfeeding a baby.
  54. trivial (adjective) – unimportant, superficial, insignificant.
  55. as far as – is concerned (phrase) – with regard to a particular person or situation.
  56. populate (verb) – inhabit, live in, reside in, occupy, settle in (a place).
  57. seemingly (adverb) – apparently, evidently, outwardly.
  58. emphasis (noun) – importance, significance; priority, insistence.
  59. to be fair (phrase) – used for making your criticism less forceful.
  60. abridged (adjective) – shortened, reduced, decreased.
  61. come across (phrasal verb) – seem, appear, look.
  62. hastily (adverb) – swiftly, rapidly, quickly.
  63. laudable (adjective) – praiseworthy, commendable, admirable.
  64. unconstitutional (adjective) – undemocratic, autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  65. legislation (noun) – a body of laws, rules, regulations, statutes.
  66. misguided (adjective) – ill-advised, ill-considered, misled.
  67. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  68. red tape (noun) – official procedure/protocol, rule, regulation.
  69. exacerbate (verb) – intensify, increase, heighten, aggravate, worsen, compound.
  70. inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
  71. betray (verb) – reveal, expose, disclose, lay bare, make known.
  72. ingrained (adjective) – entrenched, established, deep-rooted, firmly fixed.
  73. informal/unorganized sector (noun) – informal economy, grey economy; it is the part of an economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by any form of government.
  74. formal sector/organised sector (noun) – formal economy; it is the part of an economy that is taxed, or monitored by any form of government.
  75. on a par with (phrase) – comparable with, equivalent to, as equal to, on a level with.
  76. Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017 (noun) – The Maternity (Amendment) Bill 2017, an amendment to the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, was passed in Rajya Sabha on 11 August 2016, in Lok Sabha on 9 March 2017, and received assent from President of India on 27 March 2017. The MB Amendment Act regulates paid maternity leave entitlement and other related benefits for women employed in factories, mines, and shops or commercial establishments employing 10 or more employees.
  77. glaring (adjective) – obvious, visible, apparent, flagrant, blatant.
  78. blindspot (noun) – lack of perception, unseen area, obstruction, oversight.
  79. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  80. insidious (adjective) – relating to something which increases/spreads/develops gradually without being noticed and causes serious harm; deceptive, stealthy, evasive, misleading, dishonest, dangerous, harmful.
  81. dwell on (phrasal verb) – to think, speak or write about a specific thing for a long time, especially something that is a source of sadness or displeasure.
  82. mainstream (noun) – something (certain beliefs/ideas/activities) which are accepted or recognized by most people as normal or typical.
  83. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  84. mechanism (noun) – structure, system, procedure/method.
  85. redress (verb) – rectify, correct, put right, set right, compensate.
  86. recognition (noun) – acknowledgement, acceptance, admission.
  87. progressive (adjective) – forward-looking, forward-thinking, dynamic.
  88. implementation (noun) – accomplishment, achievement, realization, execution.
  89. impression (noun) – opinion, view; feeling.
  90. people-centred (adjective) – most important or related to (the welfare of) the people.
  91. drown (verb) – overpower, overwhelm, override.
  92. free pass (noun) – (unrestricted) approval.
  93. juncture (noun) – point in time, time/moment, stage.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different contexts.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Going beyond Tamil Nadu’s ‘freebies’ narrative) – Apr 05, 2021

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