The Hindu Editorial (A good start) – Apr 05, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (A good start) – Apr 05, 2021

It is binding on a welfare state to take care of every single citizen. Securing the wellbeing of every one, particularly those unable to help themselves, irrespective of whether they constitute a critical mass or not, is important. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (A good start) – Apr 05, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

The Hindu Editorial (A good start) – Apr 05, 2021:

  1. vital (adjective) – key, essential, important.
  2. binding (adjective) – compulsory, obligatory, imperative, mandatory, necessary.
  3. welfare state (noun) – a form of government in which the state protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of the citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for citizens unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. A system wherein the government agrees to underwrite certain levels of employment, income, education, medical, social security and housing for all its citizens.
  4. secure (verb) – obtain, acquire, gain, get.
  5. wellbeing (noun) – a healthy state/condition.
  6. irrespective of (adjective) – notwithstanding, without regard for, regardless of.
  7. constitute (verb) – comprise, represent, amount to, add up to.
  8. critical mass (noun) – a minimum number of people in relation to something.
  9. National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021 (NPRD) (noun) – The National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021 (NPRD) was notified on March 31. It aims to lower the high cost of treatment for rare diseases, with an increased focus on indigenous research and local production of medicines. A provision for financial support up to 20 lakh under the Umbrella Scheme of Rastriya Arogya Nidhi is proposed for the treatment of those rare diseases that require a one-time treatment (diseases listed under Group 1 in the rare disease policy).
  10. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  11. peg (verb) – introduce, draw attention to (ideas/opinions).
  12. up to (phrase) – indicating a maximum amount.
  13. crowdfunding (noun) – relating to a method of getting a large number of people to give small amounts of money to finance a business project or cause.
  14. mechanism (noun) – structure, system, procedure/method.
  15. registry (noun) – record book, register, log, official list.
  16. lobby (noun) – a group of people attempting to influence (the government / its official group/elected legislators) to create the actions, policies, or decisions to help a particular organization.
  17. sorely (adverb) – severely, desperately, badly, critically.
  18. broadly (adverb) – generally, usually, mainly.
  19. marker (noun) – indicator, pointer, index.
  20. prevalence (noun) – it refers to the number of cases of a disease that are present in a particular population at a given time whereas “incidence” refers to the number of new cases that develop in a given period of time.
  21. Organization for Rare Diseases India (ORDI) (noun) – a national umbrella organization representing the collective voice of all patients with rare diseases in India, set up as a section 25 non-profit company in India.
  22. inherited (verb) – hereditary, inherent, congenital; derived/obtained genetically.
  23. autoimmune (disease) (adjective/noun) – it is used to describe conditions in which the body’s immune system – which is supposed to be defending the body against viruses, bacteria and other invaders – is thought to be involved in causing or perpetuating illness.
  24. disorder (noun) – disease, infection, illness.
  25. malformation (noun) – (of a disease or physical) abnormality, deformity.
  26. Hirschsprung’s disease (noun) – a condition that affects the large intestine (colon) and causes problems with passing stool. The condition is present at birth (congenital) as a result of missing nerve cells in the muscles of the baby’s colon.
  27. Gaucher disease (noun) – a genetic disorder where fat-laden Gaucher cells build up in areas like the spleen, liver and bone marrow.
  28. Cystic fibrosis (CF) (noun) – an inherited disorder that causes severe damage to the lungs, digestive system and other organs in the body.
  29. Muscular dystrophy (noun) – a group of diseases that make muscles weaker and less flexible over time. It is caused by a problem in the genes that control how the body keeps muscles healthy.
  30. Lysosomal Storage Disorders (LSDs) (noun) – Lysosomal storage diseases are inherited metabolic diseases that are characterized by an abnormal build-up of various toxic materials in the body’s cells as a result of enzyme deficiencies. There are nearly 50 of these disorders altogether, and they may affect different parts of the body, including the skeleton, brain, skin, heart, and central nervous system.
  31. evolve (verb) – alter, change, transform gradually; develop, progress, advance gradually.
  32. in the hope that (phrase) – with the hope that something will take place.
  33. commercialisation (noun) – the process of doing something to get financial benefit.
  34. drum up (phrasal verb) – try to get support (by urging/convincing/pressuring someone).
  35. long-fought (adjective) – demanding, challenging, arduous, taxing.
  36. short of (phrase) – less than.
  37. mandate (noun) – ruling, ordinance, law, instruction, directive, order; approval, ratification, endorsement.
  38. prohibitive (adjective) – excessively high, exorbitant, excessive.
  39. categorise (verb) – class, group, list.
  40. Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) (noun) – Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) is a department of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) of the Government of India responsible for approval of licences of specified categories of drugs such as vaccines, and etc. in India. Drugs Controller General of India, comes under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. DCGI also sets standards for the manufacturing, sales, import, and distribution of drugs in India.
  41. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
  42. work out (phrasal verb) – develop, form, initiate/establish.
  43. halve (verb) – reduce by half (50%).
  44. set aside (phrasal verb) – save, reserve, put aside.
  45. substantial (adjective) – considerable, significant, large.
  46. corpus (noun) – (in finance) total amount of money; collection.
  47. roll out (phrasal verb) – launch, introduce, organize, inaugurate (something officially).
  48. cement (verb) – establish firmly.

Note:

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (A good start) – Apr 05, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (A good start) – Apr 05, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (A good start) – Apr 05, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (A good start) – Apr 05, 2021

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