The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021

A year and counting into the greatest health crisis the world has faced in over a century we can identify one overwhelming factor that separates the countries that have done relatively… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021:

  1. autocrat (noun) – authoritarian, totalitarian; dictator, despot.
  2. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  3. messianic (adjective) – relating to any popular leader promising to make major changes in a rigorously determined and enthusiastic way; passionate, fervent, zealous, emotional, enthusiastic.
  4. populism (noun) – policies that supposedly represent the opinions of ordinary people.
  5. polarisation (noun) – separation of two contrasting groups (based on different opinions/beliefs).
  6. insularity (noun) – the quality of being interested in their own country/state and not willing to accept anything (ideas, culture, etc,.) from outside of it.
  7. — and counting (phrase) – used to say that something is constantly increasing.
  8. overwhelming (adjective) – very large, huge, enormous.
  9. relatively (adverb) – comparatively, proportionately, somewhat, to a certain extent/degree.
  10. by any measure (phrase) – by any standards, from all perspectives.
  11. dismal (adjective) – bad, poor, dreadful, awful, terrible. 
  12. per-capita (adverb & adjective) – per person, for each, individually.
  13. toll (noun) – number, count, total (number of deaths).
  14. denialism (noun) – the refusal to accept well-established facts.
  15. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  16. fiercely (adverb) – savagely, severely, aggressively/extremely.
  17. petri dish (noun) – a shallow transparent covered dishes used for culturing cells, bacteria, and mosses.
  18. mutation (noun) – a significant and basic “alteration/variation” in the DNA sequence.
  19. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, comprise, form, represent.
  20. probably (adverb) – most likely, in all likelihood, all things considered, perhaps.
  21. deadliest superlative adjective of deadly (adjective) – fatal, lethal, life-threatening.
  22. affront (noun) – insult, offence, injustice, outrage.
  23. come to terms with (phrase) – to accept oneself to something painful/sad/difficult (situation); reconcile oneself to, come to accept, become accustomed to, adjust to.
  24. wilfully (adverb) – deliberately, purposefully.
  25. downplay (verb) – play down, under emphasize, understate; make something to look less important/significant.
  26. gravity (noun) – seriousness, importance/significance, severity. 
  27. cripple (verb) – ruin, destroy, impair, damage.
  28. incoherence (noun) – the standard of being illogical, inconsistent, or unclear.
  29. partisan (adjective) – biased, prejudiced, one-sided.
  30. hostility (noun) – opposition, conflict, resentment, enmity, aversion, antipathy.
  31. autocratic (adjective) – undemocratic, totalitarian, authoritarian; domineering, high-handed.
  32. writ (noun) – authority, order.
  33. right-wing (adjective) – conservative, rightist, ultra-right, alt-right.
  34. populist (adjective) – relating to the political approach which claims that it is representing the common/ordinary people.
  35. tropical (adjective) – figurative, symbolic, metaphorical. 
  36. dismiss (verb) – disregard, brush off, shrug off, pay no heed to.
  37. boast (verb) – brag, gloat, show off, congratulate oneself, exaggerate, overstate.  
  38. hoax (noun) – deception, fraud, cheat, bluff, humbug.
  39. fire (verb) – dismiss, sack, throw out, kick out.
  40. defy (verb) – resist, take a stand against, confront.
  41. mockery (noun) – insulting/absurd imitation of something; a false representation of something; travesty, farce, poor imitation, a poor substitute.
  42. outright (adjective) – out-and-out, absolute, complete, straightforward, categorical, unequivocal.  
  43. decisive (adjective) – resolute, firm, determined.
  44. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  45. impose (verb) – force, thrust, inflict (an unwelcome decision/ruling).
  46. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  47. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  48. welfare (noun) – well-being.
  49. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  50. migrant (noun) – a person who moves from one region to another – either within a country or across national borders in order to find work or better living conditions.
  51. exodus (noun) – mass departure, evacuation, leaving/exit.
  52. subside (verb) – diminish, decline, abate, get lower.
  53. variant (noun) – different or form or version or mutant of something (virus).
  54. drag one’s feet (phrase) – delay, procrastinate, postpone action, put off doing something.
  55. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  56. forge ahead (phrasal verb) – advance rapidly, progress quickly, increase speed.
  57. campaign (noun) – canvassing, electioneering, an act of soliciting (asking for/requesting) votes; an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision-making progress within a specific group.
  58. surge (verb) – rise or increase suddenly.
  59. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  60. call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  61. egregious (adjective) – shocking, horrible/terrible, very bad.
  62. indifference (noun) – unconcern about, apathy about, lack of interest in, disregard for.
  63. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  64. vaccinate (verb) – inoculate, administer, introduce (with a vaccine to provide immunity against a disease).
  65. incarnation (noun) – embodiment, personification, epitome, manifestation.
  66. peddle (verb) – advocate, promote, recommend, champion.
  67. virtue (noun) – advantage, benefit, merit.
  68. fortitude (noun) – courage, bravery, strength of mind, strength of character, gut.
  69. deliberation (noun) – consideration, thought/thinking, careful discussion, contemplation.
  70. yes-men (noun) – puppet, pawn.
  71. triumphalism (noun) – boastfulness, self-assertion, self-satisfaction, excessive pride, extreme self-confidence, chutzpah, chest-thumping, chest-beating; an attitude or a belief that a particular doctrine, religion, culture, social system is superior to and should triumph all over others.
  72. prematurely (adverb) – too soon, too early, before the usual time.
  73. vanquish (verb) – conquer, defeat, crush, quell, overcome.
  74. quack (adjective) – bogus, false, fraudulent.
  75. sheer (adjective) – total, complete.
  76. macho (adjective) – male, aggressively male, masculine.
  77. bombast (noun) – bluster, ranting, empty talk, humbug.
  78. take a lap (phrase) – when someone does something substantially stupid thing, you tell them to “take a lap”.
  79. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with a narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance- called chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  80. feed on (phrasal verb) – gain strength from, gain energy from.
  81. champion (verb) – uphold, support, advocate, back.
  82. virtuous (adjective) – righteous, morally correct, ethical.
  83. evangelism (noun) – religious teaching, instruction, message. 
  84. weaponise (verb) – use as a weapon.
  85. demonisation (noun) – the depiction or portrayal of someone/something as bad/threatening.
  86. Ethnicised (adjective) – (made) ethnic.
  87. demote (verb) – downgrade, relegate, declass, lower in rank.
  88. immigrant (noun) – non-native, foreigner, migrant.
  89. secularist (noun) – a supporter of a government which is free from religious considerations.
  90. subscribe to (verb) – agree with, be in agreement with, support/endorse.
  91. ideal (noun) – principle, standard, morality.
  92. undeserving (adjective) – not worthy, not good enough for.
  93. deficient (adjective) – lacking, inadequate, insufficient, poor.
  94. essentialize (verb) – consolidate, epitomize, streamline/channel.
  95. demonise (verb) – to show someone/something as evil/wicked/bad.
  96. white supremacy (noun) – support for the supremacy of a particular group, especially a racial group (white).
  97. stoke (verb) – incite, encourage, fuel, provoke (a certain feeling/emotion strongly).
  98. invade (verb) – violate, encroach on, infringe on, trespass on, obtrude on.
  99. smear (verb) – blacken, defame, damage, vilify, slander, libel (someone’s good name or reputation, particularly with untrue statements made public).
  100. bandito (noun) – A Mexican bandit.
  101. track record (noun) – previous performance, previous accomplishments, previous achievements.
  102. homophobic (adjective) – relating to a dislike/hostility against homosexual people.
  103. misogynistic (adjective) – firmly biased against women.
  104. debase (verb) – degrade, devalue, lower the status of.
  105. double down (phrasal verb) – to be more firm & resolute on something (decided) even if that might be a risky choice; to double or increase a risk involved in doing something.
  106. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, take part in (an activity).
  107. perceive (verb) – view, regard, consider.
  108. ethno- (adjective) – ethnic.
  109. polarised (adjective) – separated into opposing two.
  110. mobilise (verb) – (of people) bring together for a particular cause.
  111. solidarity (noun) – unity, harmony, cooperation.
  112. inflame (verb) – provoke, incite, arouse, whip up, kindle.
  113. identity (noun) – a social category, a set of persons marked by a label and distinguished by rules deciding membership and (alleged) characteristic features or attributes; individuality, character, originality.
  114. minion (noun) – follower, flatterer, fawner.
  115. spectre (noun) – threat, menace, danger/peril
  116. slur (noun) – insult, libel, smear.
  117. sensical (adjective) – sensible, rational.
  118. personalise (verb) – customize something to meet someone’s individual requirements.
  119. centralise (verb) – concentrate, bring under one roof, consolidate.
  120. insulate (verb) – protect, safeguard, shield.
  121. fealty (noun) – allegiance, faithfulness, fidelity, obedience, adherence.
  122. over-ride (verb) – reject, cancel, reverse, revoke, overrule, nullify.
  123. tamper with (verb) – interfere, meddle, distort/alter, manipulate.
  124. autocratisation (noun) – the process that leads to democratic countries turning into an autocracy.
  125. frontline staff/worker/responder/personnel (noun) – a person who is among the first to arrive and provide assistance at the scene of an emergency. First/front line workers/responders typically include paramedics, emergency medical technicians, police officers, firefighters, sanitary workers & etc.
  126. subvert (verb) – undermine, weaken, impair, damage.
  127. pushback (noun) – resistance, opposition, force back, repulse drive; hatred, dislike.
  128. toxic (adjective) – fatal, deadly; poisonous, harmful, dangerous.
  129. centralisation (noun) – the process of having functions, powers, people or things only in a central location or authority.
  130. civil society (noun) – civil society refers to space for collective action around shared interests, purposes, and values, generally distinct from government and commercial for-profit actors.
  131. step up (phrasal verb) – increase, intensify, strengthen, augment.
  132. push back (phrasal verb) – force back, repel, fight off; refuse, reject, prevent.
  133. expose (verb) – reveal, uncover, display, exhibit, disclose, manifest, unveil.
  134. plummet (verb) – plunge, drop, nosedive, decrease.
  135. repudiate (verb) – reject, deny, abandon, disavow, discard, disown.
  136. call out (phrasal verb) – criticize someone for something (bad/incorrect) publicly and ask them to justify/explain it.
  137. ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, destroy, wreak havoc on, damage.
  138. hubris (noun) – feeling of superiority, excessive self-importance, excessive pride, excessive self-confidence/self-glory, overconfidence, arrogance.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Elected autocrats, their pandemic responses) – Jun 01, 2021

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