The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021

“The virus has gone.” That was in January 2021. “No, it hasn’t. It is back with more family members to attack us with greater force.” This is in April 2021. These scene changes are akin to what happens… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021:

  1. design (verb) – create, plan, formulate, think up.
  2. resolute (adjective) – determined, purposeful, resolved, single-minded, strong-minded.
  3. contain (verb) – control, restrain, limit.
  4. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  5. resurface (verb) – reappear, reemerge, return, recur, come out again, arise again.
  6. akin (adjective) – similar, related, equivalent.
  7. feud (noun) – argument, dispute, quarrel/row, fight.
  8. brawl (noun) – fight, skirmish, scuffle, tussle.
  9. feature (verb) – present, appear.
  10. variant (noun) – different or form or version or mutant of something (virus).
  11. at home (phrase) – in one’s own country.
  12. mutant (noun) – mutation, variant, variation.
  13. difference (noun) – dissimilarity, contrast, deviation, unevenness, variation.
  14. relatively (adverb) – comparatively, proportionately, somewhat, to a certain extent/degree.
  15. by the time (phrase) – when.
  16. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  17. streamline (verb) – make something efficient, make something smooth-running, make something well organized.
  18. power up (phrasal verb) – to start to make good use of something; to begin to take full advantage of something.
  19. procurement (noun) – the action of procuring/purchasing something.
  20. educate (verb) – guide, inform, instruct.
  21. pose (verb) – create, cause, present (a problem or danger or risk).
  22. phase (verb) – implement something step by step.
  23. open up (phrasal verb) – become accessible; become available.
  24. neighbouring (adjective) – adjacent.
  25. mobility (noun) – transportability.
  26. drive (verb) – force, compel, prompt.
  27. brisk (adjective) – busy, lively, active, vibrant, hectic.
  28. campaign (noun) – an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  29. boisterously (adverb) – actively, over-excitedly, unrestrainedly/uncontrollably.
  30. run (verb) – carry out, organize, perform.
  31. state (noun) – government.
  32. normalcy (noun) – a normal condition; normality, regularity.
  33. mandate (verb) – require, necessitate, make mandatory.
  34. notionally (adverb) – conceptually, not practically.
  35. disdain (verb) – reject, refuse, rebuff, disregard, ignore.
  36. in public (phrase) – publicly, openly, overtly.
  37. reflection (noun) – opinion, thought, thinking, idea, impression.
  38. remonstration (noun) – protest, challenge, objection.
  39. strategic (adjective) – relating to achieving long-term or overall goals.
  40. cohesively (adverb) – unitedly, combinedly, jointly.
  41. sustained (adjective) – continuous, constant, steady.
  42. decentralisation (noun) – the process of distributing or dispersing functions, powers, people or things away from a central location or authority.
  43. decentralise (verb) – transfer of the power/control (of a department/organisation/government) from a single place to other locations.
  44. evolve (verb) – alter, change, transform gradually; develop, progress, advance gradually.
  45. intelligence (noun) – information, facts, details, particulars, data, figures, statistics.
  46. channel (noun) – means, method, mechanism.
  47. dissemination (noun) – spreading, circulation, distribution.
  48. implementation (noun) – accomplishment, achievement, realization, execution.
  49. consultative (adjective) – advisory, consulting, counselling.
  50. inter- (prefix) – between.
  51. data-driven (adjective) – dependent on the data collected (to analyse something).
  52. decentralised (adjective) – relating to the transfer of the power/control of a department/government from a single place to other locations.
  53. adaptive (adjective) – flexible, adjustable, adaptable.
  54. empower (verb) – enable, equip, give the power to; authorize, entitle, permit, allow.
  55. commandeer (verb) – take over, take possession of something (with authority).
  56. super spreader (noun) – a person/patient who infects significantly/disproportionately a large number of people with a disease/virus than usual.
  57. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  58. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  59. symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with symptoms.
  60. asymptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with no symptoms.
  61. pre-symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with mild illness/symptoms.
  62. constitute (verb) – amount to, add up to, account for, comprise, represent.
  63. antibody (noun) – it is also called ‘immunoglobulin’; a protective protein produced mainly by plasma (blood) cells in the immune system in response to the presence of antigens (disease-causing organisms (bacteria & viruses) and other harmful/toxic foreign substances like insect venom).
  64. potentially (adverb) – likely, possibly, probably.
  65. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  66. seed (verb) – cause (something) to begin.
  67. exposed (adjective) – relating to someone who is subjected to something (infectious agents & others).
  68. perpetuate (verb) – cause to continue something indefinitely; keep going, continue, extend, carry on.
  69. chain (noun) – series, succession, string, sequence (of something).
  70. impose (verb) – force, thrust, inflict (an unwelcome decision).
  71. notion (noun) – idea, belief, opinion, view, conception, conviction.
  72. acquire (verb) – get, obtain, receive; attain.
  73. herd immunity (noun) – also known as “population immunity”;  it refers to a means (ways) of protecting a whole community from disease by immunizing a critical mass of its populace (population). It is also defined as a form of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a large percentage of a population is immune to an infection, thereby providing a measure of protection for individuals who are not immune.
  74. dispel (verb) – eliminate, remove, dismiss.
  75. (contact) tracing (noun) – it is defined as the identification and follow-up of persons who may have come into contact with a person infected with the virus.
  76. RT-PCR testing (noun) – Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) Testing; it is one of the most accurate laboratory methods for detecting, tracking, and studying the coronavirus. It is a nuclear-derived method for detecting the presence of specific genetic material from any pathogen, including a virus. (the pathogen is a bacteria/virus that causes disease).
  77. swab (noun) – a piece of soft, absorbent material attached to a stick to take samples (specimens) of body fluids, clean wounds or apply medicines.
  78. competence (noun) – capability, ability, competency, capacity, proficiency.
  79. replicating (adjective) – reproducing.
  80. household (noun) – family, house.
  81. primary health care (noun) – it is a whole-of-society approach to health and well-being centred on the needs and preferences of individuals, families and communities. It addresses the broader determinants of health and focuses on the comprehensive and interrelated aspects of physical, mental and social health and well being. (Courtesy: WHO)
  82. volunteer (noun) – participant.
  83. severity (noun) – seriousness.
  84. genomic (adjective) – relating to the gene (genetic material) of a living thing.
  85. step up (phrasal verb) – increase, intensify, strengthen, augment.
  86. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  87. rollout (noun) – official launch/introduction.
  88. per se (adverb) – in itself, of itself, by itself, as such, intrinsically.
  89. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  90. laxity (noun) – negligence, neglect, lack of proper care and attention, carelessness, heedlessness, lack of concern, irresponsibility.
  91. outcry (noun) – uproar, clamour, protest.
  92. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  93. objective (noun) – aim, intention, purpose, target, goal.
  94. prioritise (verb) – make a point of, highlight, call attention to (something as very important).
  95. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support/protection; ill-protected, easily affected by, prone to, at risk of.
  96. immunise (verb) – vaccinate, inoculate, inject (a vaccine).
  97. disorder (noun) – disease, infection, illness.
  98. supply chain (noun) – a network between a company and its suppliers to produce and distribute a specific product to the final buyer.
  99. waive (verb) – reject, renounce, abdicate.
  100. bridging trial (noun) – a supplemental study. (a bridging study on a medicine is an additional study executed in the new region to “build a bridge” with the foreign clinical data on safety, efficacy, and dose response ).
  101. trial (noun) – test, pilot study, experiment (phase 1, 2,3, and or human/clinical trial).
  102. credible (adjective) – acceptable, trustworthy, reliable, dependable; believable, plausible, reasonable.
  103. regulator (noun) – an association that supervises a particular business activity.
  104. subject to (verb) – put through.
  105. vaccinator (noun) – a person/agent who administers vaccines.
  106. administration (noun) – an act of dispensing, providing, giving, applying (a drug/vaccine).
  107. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  108. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  109. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
  110. credo (noun) – attitude; morality, belief/idea.
  111. lasting (adjective) – long-lasting, long-term, permanent.
  112. legacy (noun as modifier) – something received from a predecessor or from the past; something that is given from one person to another.
  113. empathetic (adjective) – compassionate/ humane, sympathetic, understanding.
  114. hardship (noun) – misfortune, distress, suffering, affliction, trouble.
  115. due to (phrase) – because of, owing to, on account of, as a result of.
  116. incur (verb) – induce, cause, give rise to, bring on.
  117. proactive (adjective) – aggressive, intense.
  118. philanthropy (noun) – humaneness, benevolence, charity.
  119. mobilise (verb) – bring (resources) into use for a particular purpose/cause.
  120. supplement (verb) – augment, increase, add to, amplify, enlarge.
  121. neighbourhood (noun) – (surrounding) area, region, district/country.
  122. digital divide (noun) – the gap between the people who access computer/the internet and those who don’t access them.
  123. divide (noun) – division, separation, difference.
  124. solidarity (noun) – unity, harmony, cooperation.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Designing a resolute COVID-19 response) – Apr 13, 2021

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