The Hindu Lead Article (Counting the COVID toll in India) – May 18, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Counting the COVID toll in India) – May 18, 2021

Last year, in these columns, I wrote about the many challenges in estimating deaths due to COVID-19 in India. While the challenges remain,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Counting the COVID toll in India) – May 18, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Counting the COVID toll in India) – May 18, 2021:

  1. toll (noun) – number, count, total (number of deaths).
  2. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  3. extent (noun) – magnitude, size or scale of something.
  4. bet (noun) – option, choice, course of action, plan.
  5. arrive at (verb) – attain, reach (a decision).
  6. attribute (verb) – hold responsible for; connect/associate with.
  7. as well as (phrase) – and also, and in addition.
  8. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  9. World Mortality Dataset (noun) – the largest international dataset of all-cause mortality encompassing 89 countries.
  10. mortality (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  11. encompass (verb) – include, incorporate, comprise. take in.
  12. conservative (adjective) – low, cautious, understated, unexaggerated, moderate.
  13. undercount (verb) – count (incorrectly) less than the actual number of.
  14. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) (noun) – The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is an independent global health research center at the University of Washington.
  15. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, make up, comprise, form, be responsible for, represent.
  16. imply (verb) – suggest, hint, intimate.
  17. deliberate (adjective) – intentional, planned, conscious, purposeful.
  18. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity, dearth.
  19. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  20. tease out (phrasal verb) – find something out from unclear details (with difficult).
  21. proportion (noun) – ratio, portion; size/magnitude.
  22. classification (noun) – categorization, grouping, sorting.
  23. harmonisation (noun) – an act of bringing into harmony/agreement.
  24. incompleteness (noun) – imperfectness.
  25. multivariate (adjective) – having two or more variable quantities.
  26. covariate (noun) – a variable that is probably predictive of the outcome of a study.
  27. constitute (verb) – account for, form, make up, comprise, represent.
  28. content with (verb) – be satisfied.
  29. vital (adjective) – key, essential, important.
  30. household (noun) – family, house.
  31. Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy Pvt Ltd (CMIE) (noun) – CMIE, or Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, is a leading business information company. It was established in 1976, primarily as an independent think tank. (Think tank is a panel of experts who provide advice and ideas on political, social or economic issues).
  32. crude (adjective) – imprecise, not accurate, not exact, approximate, rough.
  33. sophisticated (adjective) – highly developed.
  34. baseline (noun) – a starting point (used for comparisons).
  35. plausible (adjective) – likely, probable, possible; believable, conceivable.
  36. assumption (noun) – premise, belief, expectation, thought, notion.
  37. correlate (verb) – connect, associate, relate.
  38. epidemic (noun) – a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region.
  39. Civil Registration System (CRS) (noun) – Civil Registration System (CRS) in India is the unified process of continuous, permanent and compulsory recording of the vital events (births, deaths, still births).
  40. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about, call forth, give rise to.
  41. read (verb) – study, scrutinize, look through; interpret, understand, comprehend.
  42. context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  43. serological (adjective) – relating to a method of diagnostic examination of blood serum concerning immune system’s response to pathogens (pathogen is something, like bacteria/virus, that causes disease).
  44. seropositivity (noun) – the quality or state of being seropositive, of having blood serum that tests positive for a given pathogen (a bacteria/virus that causes disease).
  45. extrapolate (verb) – forecast, predict, reckon, calculate, estimate. (extrapolation is an estimation of a value based on extending a known sequence of values or facts beyond the area that is certainly known).
  46. severity (noun) – seriousness.
  47. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  48. assessment (noun) – evaluation, appraisal, analysis.
  49. enable (verb) – allow, facilitate, permit.
  50. lack (verb) – be without, have need of, require.
  51. seek (verb) – request, ask for, appeal, demand.
  52. influenza (noun) – it is commonly known as “the flu”, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
  53. come up with (phrasal verb) – produce, put forward, present/submit.
  54. difference (noun) – dissimilarity, contrast, deviation, unevenness, variation.
  55. way out (noun) – answer, solution.
  56. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  57. academic (noun) – scholar, educator, instructor.
  58. refine (verb) – improve, revise, fine-tune.
  59. sort of (phrase) – to some extent, somewhat, somehow, slightly.
  60. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  61. put up (phrasal verb) – propose, put forward, present, submit,
  62. contested (adjective) – disputed, challenged.
  63. propel (verb) – force, spur, impel, motivate, prompt.
  64. deadlier comparative adjective of deadly (adjective) – fatal, lethal, life-threatening.
  65. adversely (adverb) – unfavourably, disadvantageously, badly.
  66. subsequent (adjective) – following, ensuing, succeeding, successive, upcoming.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Counting the COVID toll in India) – May 18, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Counting the COVID toll in India) – May 18, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Counting the COVID toll in India) – May 18, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Counting the COVID toll in India) – May 18, 2021

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