The Hindu Lead Article (Connecting the dots to mitigate a third wave) – Jun 08, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Connecting the dots to mitigate a third wave) – Jun 08, 2021

After a long and painful month-and-a-half, confirmed cases of COVID-19 in India have been declining steadily for more than a month. Deaths have started to decrease as well. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Connecting the dots to mitigate a third wave) – Jun 08, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Connecting the dots to mitigate a third wave) – Jun 08, 2021:

  1. connect the dots (phrase) – to put various information together to find the big picture (broad overview) of a situation, issue, or problem.
  2. mitigate (verb) – reduce, diminish, lessen.
  3. acronym (noun) – a word formed by combining initial letters of a series of words; initialism (e.g. DOTS (the Duration a person is infectious; Opportunities infected individuals have to spread infection to others; the probability Transmission occurs given an opportunity, and the average Susceptibility of a population or subpopulation). 
  4. framework (noun) – structure, system, organization.
  5. dynamics (noun) – basic/fundamental cause or force that triggers change within a system.
  6. thereby (adverb) – as a result of that.
  7. a long way down (phrase) – it means that it will take a long time to reach the lower level.
  8. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  9. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  10. abate (verb) – decline, reduce, decrease.
  11. ‘R’ number (noun) – The R, or reproduction, number of a virus tells us how easily it spreads in the population – it is the average number of people on to whom an infected person will pass the virus. The higher the number, the more contagious/infectious it is. 
  12. determinant (noun) – factor, issue, concern, point, matter.
  13. epidemiologic (adjective) – relating to the study and analysis of the distribution, patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
  14. potential (adjective) – possible, probable, likely.
  15. insight (noun) – deep understanding, recognition, realization, revelation.
  16. epidemic (noun) – a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region.
  17. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about, call forth, give rise to.
  18. probability (noun) – possibility, chance.
  19. susceptibility (noun) – vulnerability, sensitivity, openness, defencelessness.
  20. extinguish (verb) – eradicate, eliminate, wipe out, remove, put an end to.
  21. variant (noun) – different or form or version or mutant of something (virus).
  22. proportion (noun) – size/magnitude.
  23. susceptible to (adjective) – prone to, subject to, at risk of, vulnerable to.
  24. immunity (noun) – the body’s defense against infections.
  25. immunisation (noun) – the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.
  26. seroprevalence (noun) – the number of persons in a population who test positive for a specific disease based on serology (blood serum) specimens.
  27. antibody (noun) – immunizer; it is also called ‘immunoglobulin’; a protective protein produced mainly by plasma (blood) cells in the immune system in response to the presence of antigens (disease-causing organisms (bacteria & viruses) and other harmful/toxic foreign substances like insect venom).
  28. geography (noun) – region.
  29. substantially (adverb) – considerably, significantly, largely.
  30. exposure (noun) – In medicine, the condition of being subjected to something (infectious agents & others).
  31. nevertheless (adverb) – in spite of everything, notwithstanding, regardless, anyway, anyhow, however.
  32. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  33. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  34. get back (to) (phrasal verb) – return to, come back to.
  35. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term that means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  36. salient (adjective) – important, principal, main/major.
  37. characteristic (noun) – attribute, feature, quality, aspect.
  38. superspreading (noun) – (of a person/patient) the process of infecting significantly/disproportionately a large number of people with a disease/virus than usual.
  39. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, comprise, form, represent.
  40. social mixing (noun) – social gathering (i.e. festivity, function).
  41. take place (phrase) – happen, occur, transpire.
  42. facilitate (verb) – enable, assist, help, make easier.
  43. adhere to (verb) – abide by, follow, obey, comply with.
  44. measure (noun) – course of action, proceeding, procedure, step.
  45. B.1.617.2 (noun) – a variant of the coronavirus, first identified in India, is renamed as the ‘Delta variant’ by the World Health Organization (WHO) and this variant is reclassified as Variant of Concern (VOC). The B.1.617.1 strain has been reclassified to a Variant of Interest (VOI) and labelled variant “Kappa”.
  46. much more (phrase) – a lot more.
  47. potentially (adverb) – likely, possibly, probably.
  48. dominant (adjective) – most powerful, important, crucial.
  49. the equation (noun) – the situation, the problem, the case.
  50. infectiousness (noun) – the state/condition of being infectious; the ability of a disease to be transmitted easily from one person to another, especially through air.
  51. outcompete (verb) – surpass/excel in a competitive situation.
  52. contribute to (verb) – play a part in, be instrumental in, lead to, cause.
  53. waning (adjective) – decreasing, lessening, reducing, weakening.
  54. evade (verb) – avoid, dodge, elude, escape.
  55. abundance (noun) – plenty, a lot, a very large quantity of.
  56. anticipate (verb) – expect, foresee, predict.
  57. drive down (phrasal verb) – to make something reduce to a lower level.
  58. skew (verb) – distort, change, alter.
  59. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  60. scale up (phrasal verb) – increase, expand, augment; step up. 
  61. (medical) intervention (noun) – an activity directed at or performed on an individual with the object of improving health, treating disease or injury, or making a diagnosis.
  62. procure (verb) – buy, purchase.
  63. desperately (adverb) – seriously, severely, urgently, pressingly, intensely.
  64. ventilation (noun) – the supplying of fresh air to a room.
  65. neighbouring (adjective) – adjacent.
  66. isolation (noun) – a complete separation from others of a person known or reasonably believed to be infected with communicable diseases.
  67. quarantine (noun) – a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; Quarantine is imposed to separate and restrict the movement of persons, who may have been exposed to infectious disease, but not yet known to be ill.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Connecting the dots to mitigate a third wave) – Jun 08, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Connecting the dots to mitigate a third wave) – Jun 08, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Connecting the dots to mitigate a third wave) – Jun 08, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Connecting the dots to mitigate a third wave) – Jun 08, 2021

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