The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal’s mandate, a turning point in national politics) – May 03, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal’s mandate, a turning point in national politics) – May 03, 2021

The people’s mandate in West Bengal has been decisively against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and in favour of the incumbent Trinamool Congress (TMC), led by Mamata Banerjee. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-2 for The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal’s mandate, a turning point in national politics) – May 03, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 2 for The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal’s mandate, a turning point in national politics) – May 03, 2021:

  1. mandate (noun) – approval, acceptance, endorsement, authority (given by a constituency to someone acting as its representative).
  2. cliffhanger (noun) – a situation in which the final outcome is suspenseful & unpredictable till the very end.
  3. tap (verb) – make use of, put to use, use, utilize, deploy, exploit.
  4. as far as – is concerned (phrase) – with regard to a particular person or situation.
  5. incumbent (adjective) – present, existing, current (holder or occupant of an office).
  6. sweep (noun) – comprehensive win (in a contest).
  7. a clean sweep (phrase) – decisive victory; overwhelming victory.
  8. belie (verb) – contradict, be at odds with, call into question, prove to be false, disprove.
  9. threshold (noun) – it is an amount, level, or limit of something. Once the threshold is reached, something else happens or changes. point of entry, starting point.
  10. earmark (verb) – pledge to, commit to; label, tag.
  11. turn something around (phrase) – to cause something (a situation/position) to change in a positive way.
  12. anti-incumbency (noun) – a situation which is against elected officials currently in power; discontent against ruling government/ party in power.
  13. kick in (phrasal verb) – come into operation, come into effect.
  14. discontent (noun) – dissatisfaction, disaffection, disgruntlement, grievances, unhappiness, displeasure.
  15. emphatically (adverb) – vehemently, fiercely, forcefully; clearly, noticeably, obviously.
  16. hold someone responsible/accountable for (phrase) – blame someone for something.
  17. plunge (verb) – fall/drop, plummet, tumble, nosedive suddenly & uncontrollably.
  18. Farm Acts, 2000 (noun) – Farm Acts, 2000 refer to three agricultural bills passed by Indian Parliament in September 2020. The three acts are “The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC Act) allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees”, “the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 facilitates contract farming and direct marketing”, and “the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 deregulates the production, storage, movement and sale of several major foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, edible oils and onion, except in the case of extraordinary circumstances”.
  19. across the board (phrase) – applying to all.
  20. privatisation (noun) – transfer of a business, industry, academic institutions, or service from public to private ownership and control.
  21. refugee (noun) – displaced person, asylum seeker, exile, deportee, stateless person, émigré.
  22. National Register of Citizens (NRC) (noun) – It is a register that includes demographic information about all those individuals who qualify as citizens of India as per the Citizenship Act, 1955.
  23. National Population Register (NPR) (noun) – The NPR is a register of the usual residents of the country. It contains information collected at the local (village/sub-town), subdistrict, district, state and national level under provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. The objective of the NPR is to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country. The database would contain demographic as well as biometric particulars.
  24. Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks to grant citizenship to religious minorities of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, who had to flee their homeland facing persecution. The six minority groups that have been specifically identified are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians, and Parsis.
  25. redressal (noun) – compensation, retribution/remedy; justice.
  26. outreach (noun) – the level of reaching out/activity/effort; involvement.
  27. discernible (adjective) – visible, noticeable, identifiable.
  28. deprived (adjective) – disadvantaged, underprivileged, poverty-stricken, impoverished, poor.
  29. marginalised (adjective) – treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected.
  30. polarisation (noun) – separation of two contrasting groups (based on different opinions/beliefs).
  31. backfire (verb) – rebound/boomerang, come back, have an adverse effect.
  32. brazenly (adverb) – blatantly, clearly, fragrantly, unashamedly, shamelessly.
  33. engineer (verb) – bring about, cause, mastermind, orchestrate, manipulate.
  34. defection (noun) – desertion, absconding, decamping.
  35. skeleton in the cupboard/closet (phrase) – (embarrassing & unpleasant) things in a person’s past that he/she wants to be (kept) hidden/undisclosed.
  36. desperate (adjective) –  last-resort, last-minute, eleventh-hour.
  37. manipulate (verb) – use, employ, utilize, use to one’s advantage, manoeuvre, engineer (cleverly).
  38. central agencies (plural noun) – the central agencies are organizations in the executive branch that co-ordinate the activities of, and provide guidance to the operating ministries and agencies; e.g. Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Directorate of Enforcement (ED), Income Tax Department (IT) and etc.
  39. invasion (noun) – violation, infringement, breach.
  40. propaganda (noun) – the (deliberate & systemic) spreading of information (facts, ideas, rumours or lies) to influence public opinion.
  41. overkill (noun) – excessive action; more than enough, too many, too much.
  42. campaign (noun) – canvassing, electioneering, an act of soliciting (asking for/requesting) votes; an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision-making progress within a specific group.
  43. partisan (adjective) – biased, prejudiced, one-sided.
  44. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  45. consolidation (noun) – the process of combining a number of things into a single more effective one; unification.
  46. electorate (noun) – all the people who entitled to vote in an election.
  47. hitherto (adverb) – previously, earlier, so far/thus far, until now.
  48. pointer (noun) – indication, evidence, signal.
  49. consolidate (verb) – bring together, combine, unite/merge, integrate.
  50. dynamics (noun) – basic/fundamental cause or force that triggers change within a system.
  51. sheer (adjective) – utter, complete, total, absolute, outright.
  52. vacuity (noun) – empty-headedness, lack of thought, lack of intelligence, stupidity.
  53. underlie (verb) – be fundamental, be basic, be essential.
  54. cleric (noun) – a religious leader (of a Christian or Muslim Religion).
  55. endorsement (noun) – support, backing, approval.
  56. beheading (noun) – the act of cutting off a person’s head (as a form of execution).
  57. in the public domain (phrase) – if something (e.g. information) is in the public domain, people generally know about it since it is no secret.
  58. join hands (phrase) – work together with.
  59. ilk (noun) – group, category, type, sort, class, set.
  60. erroneous (adjective) – wrong, incorrect, inaccurate.
  61. opportunistic (adjective) – selfish, self-centred, self-seeking, egocentric, inward-looking.
  62. decimate (verb) – to destroy or remove or kill a large number or proportion of something; to cause damage or destruction on a large scale.
  63. hold someone to account (phrase) – to require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.
  64. accountability (noun) – responsibility, liability, answerability.
  65. opportunism (noun) – expediency, exploitation, taking advantage, pragmatism, realism.
  66. incoherence (noun) – the standard of being illogical, inconsistent, or unclear.
  67. fiasco (noun) – failure, disaster, catastrophe, debacle.
  68. relegate (verb) – downgrade, lower, move down.
  69. margins of something (phrase) – the part of society that is not considered typical or that does not share its beliefs/values.
  70. revival (noun) – re-establishment, reintroduction, restoration.
  71. contingent on (adjective) – dependent, conditional.
  72. overhaul (noun) – reorganization, restructuring, rearrangement.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 2 for The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal’s mandate, a turning point in national politics) – May 03, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal’s mandate, a turning point in national politics) – May 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal’s mandate, a turning point in national politics) – May 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal’s mandate, a turning point in national politics) – May 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal’s mandate, a turning point in national politics) – May 03, 2021

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