The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021

Having been in power for two terms, it was clear that it was not going to be easy for the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) to win again. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021:

  1. (hold) a mirror to (phrase) – to reflect; to represent and by resemblance provide insight into.
  2. sustain (verb) – encourage, support, give strength to, bolster, underpin, buttress; preserve, conserve.
  3. pluralism (noun) – (of people) the practice exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  4. guard (verb) – protect, defend, watch over, look after, keep an eye on.
  5. trajectory (noun) – track/course, route, path, direction, approach.
  6. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  7. hold together (phrasal verb) – cause something to remain united.
  8. personality (noun) – a famous person.
  9. anticipate (verb) – expect, foresee, predict.
  10. implosion (noun) – (a sudden) failure/collapse.
  11. passing (noun) – death, demise, passing away.
  12. nevertheless (adverb) – in spite of everything, in spite of that, nonetheless, even so, however.
  13. circumstances (noun) – situation, conditions, factors.
  14. mean (verb) – signify, convey, denote, indicate.
  15. pan- (combining form) – all inclusive of, all, of everything.
  16. polity (noun) – a politically organized society.
  17. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; portrayal/account.
  18. campaign (noun) – canvassing, electioneering, an act of soliciting (asking for/requesting) votes; an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision-making progress within a specific group.
  19. referendum (noun) – public vote; a direct vote in which people cast ballots to decide on a specific issue or policy.
  20. foreground (verb) – highlight, bring/draw attention to.
  21. fundamentalism (noun) – strict commitment/belief to the basic principles; radicalism, dogmatism, activism.
  22. fringe (adjective) – unconventional, unorthodox, offbeat, alternative, radical/extreme.
  23. nationalist (noun/adjective) – relating to nationalism.
  24. exemplify (verb) – clarify, represent, illustrate (as an example).
  25. anxious (adjective) – worried, concerned, distressed, bothered.
  26. mobility (noun) – adaptability, flexibility, versatility, adjustability.
  27. in a sense (phrase) – in a way, from a point of view.
  28. identity (noun) – a social category, a set of persons marked by a label and distinguished by rules deciding membership and (alleged) characteristic features or attributes; individuality, character, originality.
  29. enable (verb) – make possible, allow, facilitate.
  30. forge (verb) – form, create, establish, set up.
  31. relatively (adverb) – comparatively, proportionately, somewhat, to a certain extent/degree.
  32. composite (adjective) – combined, mixed, complex.
  33. bloc (noun) – alliance, association, partnership, group, union.
  34. seek (verb) – try, aim, attempt.
  35. revolve around (phrasal verb) – be concerned with, focus on, concentrate on, centre around.
  36. erosion (noun) – disintegration, deterioration, decline, undermining/weakening.
  37. autonomy (noun) – independence, freedom; self-governmentself rule.
  38. ideal (noun) – principle, standard, rule of living, moral value, belief.
  39. insignificance (noun) – unimportance.
  40. ideological (adjective) – relating to a system of ideas.
  41. opponent (noun) – rival, nemesis, combatant, competitor.
  42. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing forces/people/resources together for a particular cause.
  43. deity (noun) – god, divine being.
  44. exploit (verb) – take advantage of, make use of, utilize.
  45. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with a narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance- called chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  46. constituent (noun) – integral part/unit.
  47. colonial (adjective) – regional, territorial, local.
  48. construct (noun) – an idea or theory.
  49. merely (adverb) – only, simply, just.
  50. aid (verb) – help, assist, support.
  51. pit against (verb) – set against, match against, put in opposition to, put in competition with.
  52. open up (phrasal verb) – create (a new opportunity or possibility).
  53. lineage (noun) – family, descent, background.
  54. at the expense of (phrase) – at the cost of, at the loss of; at the sacrifice of.
  55. at/in/to the forefront of (phrase) – be in a leading/front/important position in an important activity; spearhead, van guard, front line, leading position.
  56. project (verb) – communicate, present, promote.
  57. subtly (adverb) – cleverly, astutely, shrewdly & indirectly.
  58. reservation (noun) – a system of affirmative action in India that provides historically disadvantaged groups representation in education, employment, and politics.
  59. assuage (verb) – ease, alleviate, soothe, mitigate, suppress.
  60. anxiety (noun) – concern, worry, apprehension, disquiet.
  61. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, give rise to.
  62. alliance (noun) – association, union, partnership.
  63. at the cost of (phrase) – at the loss of, at the expense of; disadvantage, downside, drawback.
  64. polarised (adjective) – separated into opposing two.
  65. common sense (noun) – wisdom, insight, acumen, judgement.
  66. resonate (verb) – resound, reverberate; evoke some feelings/emotions.
  67. undermine (verb) – weaken, subvert, sabotage, damage.
  68. highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize, call attention to.
  69. surrender (noun) – capitulation, submission, yielding, giving in, succumbing.
  70. centralise (verb) – concentrate, bring under one roof, consolidate, control (under one authority).
  71. National Education Policy (NEP) (noun) – The National Education Policy, 2020 is meant to provide an overarching vision and comprehensive framework for both school and higher education across the country. It is only a policy, not a law; implementation of its proposals depends on further regulations by both States and the Centre as education is a concurrent subject.
  72. imposition (noun) – introduction, institution; enforcement.
  73. Farm Acts, 2000 (noun) – Farm Acts, 2000 refer to three agricultural bills passed by Indian Parliament in September 2020. The three acts are “The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC Act) allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees”, “the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 facilitates contract farming and direct marketing”, and “the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 deregulates the production, storage, movement and sale of several major foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, edible oils and onion, except in the case of extraordinary circumstances”.
  74. spotlight (verb) – focus attention on, highlight, draw attention to, underline, underscore.
  75. incursion (noun) – intervention, interference, involvement;  intrusion, trespass, infiltration.
  76. to begin with (phrase) – at first, at the outset, at the beginning.
  77. preserve (verb) – sustain, conserve, protect, maintain, care for.
  78. pluralistic (adjective) – coexistent; (of people) exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  79. ironic (adjective) – strange, unexpected, odd, paradoxical.
  80. perceive (verb) – view, regard, consider.
  81. secularism (noun) – the belief that religion should not have a strong influence in education or other public parts of society.
  82. federalism/federal framework/system (noun) – a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  83. fiscal (adjective) – financial.
  84. bias (verb) – influence, sway, predispose; bend, twist.
  85. variables (noun) – something (an element/factor) that is subjected to change/vary.
  86. diversity (noun) – existence/presence of different people (from a variety of backgrounds and perspectives ranging from race to age to gender to hometown to educational experience) within the group; variety, variance, difference.
  87. substantive (adjective) – important, significant, considerable.
  88. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  89. entity (noun) – organization, institution, establishment.
  90. call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  91. credible (adjective) – acceptable, trustworthy, reliable, dependable; believable, plausible, reasonable.
  92. legacy (noun) – something received from a predecessor or from the past.
  93. imperative (adjective) – vitally importantnecessary, essential, crucial/critical.
  94. navigate (verb) – travel across, travel over; lead/steer, manage.
  95. notwithstanding (conjunction) – although, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, even though.
  96. compound (verb) – aggravate, worsen, intensify, make worse.
  97. avenue (noun) – way, method, direction, approach.
  98. autonomous (noun) – self-governing, independent, self-determining.
  99. daunting (adjective) – intimidating, challenging, disconcerting.
  100. overstate (verb) – exaggerate, overdo, overemphasize.
  101. leverage (verb) – use, make use of, utilize (to maximum gain).
  102. probably (adverb) – most likely, in all likelihood, all things considered, perhaps.
  103. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  104. privatisation (noun) – transfer of a business, industry, academic institutions, or service from public to private ownership and control.
  105. pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  106. social justice (noun) – it is the view that everyone deserves equal economic, political, and social rights and opportunities.
  107. segmentation (noun) – division/separation into a different parts.
  108. feed into (phrasal verb) – influence, contribute to.
  109. pillar (noun) – mainstay, strength, tower of strength, bastion.
  110. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  111. imbalance (noun) – disparity, variation, disproportion, unevenness, lopsidedness.
  112. welfare (noun) – a government program that provides (financial) assistance to individuals and families in need; social security, public assistance.
  113. manifesto (noun) – a publication issued by a political party before a General Election. It contains the set of policies that the party stands for and would wish to implement if elected to govern; (policy) statement, declaration, pronouncement.
  114. hail (verb) – praise, applaud, speak highly of, welcome.
  115. emphasis (noun) – importance, significance; priority, insistence.
  116. put forth (phrasal verb) – put forward, present, propose, offer.
  117. Right to Services Act (noun) – it comprises statutory laws which guarantee to reduce corruption among the government officials and to increase transparency and public accountability.
  118. revive (verb) – energize, resuscitate, strengthen, regenerate, renew.
  119. Public Sector Enterprise/Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) (noun) – Companies owned by the Union Government of India or one of the many state or territorial governments or both together in parts. The company stock is majority-owned by the government in a PSU.
  120. augur well (verb) – bode, indicate, portend (a good outcome).
  121. front (noun) – a particular situation.
  122. Minimum Support Price (MSP) (noun) – it is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to give guaranteed price and assured market to the farmers and protect them from the price fluctuations and market imperfections. The guaranteed price and assured market are expected to encourage higher investment and in the adoption of modern farming practices.
  123. conservation (noun) – preservation, protection, safeguarding.
  124. live up to (phrasal verb) – satisfy, fulfil, achieve, meet.
  125. civil society (noun) – civil society refers to the space for collective action around shared interests, purposes, and values, generally distinct from government and commercial for-profit actors.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A mirror to the future of Tamil Nadu and India) – May 03, 2021

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