The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal needs no Radcliffe Line of hatred) – Apr 14, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal needs no Radcliffe Line of hatred) – Apr 14, 2021

Election time in West Bengal has, for decades now, meant violent time. This is in April 2021. These scene changes are akin to what happens… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal needs no Radcliffe Line of hatred) – Apr 14, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal needs no Radcliffe Line of hatred) – Apr 14, 2021:

  1. Radcliffe Line (noun) – the boundary demarcation line between the Indian and Pakistani portions of the Punjab and Bengal provinces of British India.
  2. hatred (noun) – enmity, antipathy, antagonism, hostility, resentment, aversion.
  3. soul (noun) – inner self, inner being, essential being.
  4. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  5. campaign (noun) – an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  6. Bengal-centric (adjective) – focused/centred around Bengal.
  7. provoke (verb) – cause, instigate, trigger, incite, egg on.
  8. manipulate (verb) – exploit, control, influence.
  9. on the eve of (phrase) – a period of time before an important event.
  10. Direct Action Day, 1946 (noun) – ‘Direct Action Day’  was launched on 16 August 1946 by the Muslim League to call for the partition of India and the creation of the independent Muslim state of Pakistan, violent clashes erupted between Hindus and Muslims, resulting in thousands of deaths in Calcutta.
  11. incendiary (adjective) – inflammatory, provocative, agitational, arousingcontroversial.
  12. bleeding (adjective) – burning, festering: (of a problem) becoming worse; becoming intense.
  13. incitement (noun) – provocation, instigation, inducement, fomentation.
  14. appalling (adjective) – shocking, horrible, horrific, terrible, awful.
  15. perpetrate (verb) – commit, carry out, perform/execute (a harmful/illegal action).
  16. fury (noun) – rage, anger, wrath, outrage.
  17. peace-cherishing (adjective) – peace-adoring, peace-admiring, peace-appreciating.
  18. province (noun) – territory, region, state (of a country).
  19. leverage (verb) – use, make use of, utilize (to maximum gain).
  20. peace-shattering (adjective) – peace-destroying, peace-devastating, peace-wrecking.
  21. batter (verb) – damage, spoil, impair/ruin; smash, hit/strike repeatedly.
  22. virtually (adverb) – practically, almost, nearly.
  23. toll (noun) – number, count of death; loss.
  24. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  25. tar (verb) – damage the good name of someone.
  26. sweeping (adjective) – overwhelming, thorough, complete, total.
  27. description (noun) – interpretation, narration, portrayal.
  28. not a whit (phrase) – not at all.
  29. Maoist (noun) – a follower of Maoism (it originated in China as a form of communist theory derived from the teachings of Chinese political leader Mao Zedong).
  30. ogre (noun) – devil, demon, brute, villain.
  31. menace (verb) – threaten, be a danger to, put at risk, jeopardize.
  32. by any means (phrase) – in any way; at all.
  33. confine (verb) – limit, restrict.
  34. mar (verb) – spoil, ruin, destroy, impair.
  35. hold (verb) – conduct, organize, preside over.
  36. bemoan (verb) – express regret/sorrow about, complain about, express discontent.
  37. distress (noun) – difficulty, trouble, hardship.
  38. far more (phrase) – a lot more, much more.
  39. accompany (verb) – occur with, co-occur with, coincide with, coexist with.
  40. unrelenting (adjective) – continuous, persistent, unceasing/unabating, unstoppable.
  41. sectarian (adjective) – denoting a sect (a group of people); factional, partisan.
  42. animosity (noun) – hostility, antagonism, enmity/aversion.
  43. breed (noun) – type, kind, sort.
  44. species (noun) – living things (organisms); A group/breed/family of living organisms (animals & plants) with the individual having the same quality & can breed (in nature).
  45. divide (noun) – division, separation, difference.
  46. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, health and security interests).
  47. plant (verb) – imprint, instil, establish.
  48. incubate (verb) – give support and aid the development of something.
  49. hearts and minds (phrase) – used in reference to emotional and intellectual support.
  50. erupt (verb) – break out, flare up, blow up, boil over, start suddenly.
  51. febrile (adjective) – stressed, agitated, burning, fiery.
  52. frenzy (noun) – madness, wildness, uncontrolled excitement/behaviour.
  53. disfigured (adjective) – marred, spoiled, impaired.
  54. have (someone) on (one’s) hands (phrase) – have to deal with a person.
  55. iconic (adjective) – exemplary, historic, classical.
  56. congregation (noun) – gathering, assembly, a mass/group (of people).
  57. uproar (noun) – commotion, protest, outcry.
  58. behest (noun) – instruction, requirement, demand, wish/desire.
  59. unpoliced (adjective) – not provided with a police force.
  60. premier (noun) – chief, head; Chief Minister (in this context).
  61. unequivocal (adjective) – clear-cut, crystal clear, well defined, explicit, unambiguous, categorical.
  62. candid (adjective) – direct, straightforward, forthright.
  63. arrogance (noun) – egotism, self-importance, high-handedness, imperiousness.
  64. haughtiness (noun) – arrogance, disdain, contempt, imperiousness, self-importance.
  65. badge (noun) – sign, symbol, signal (that discloses a particular quality).
  66. humility (noun) – modesty, humbleness, unassertiveness.
  67. profound (adjective) – deep, deep-rooted, serious, intense
  68. break out (phrasal verb) – flare up, begin/start suddenly, erupt, burst out.
  69. viciously (adverb) – violently, brutally, ruthlessly, cruelly.
  70. interpose (verb) – intervene, intercede, step in.
  71. mob (noun) – a large, disorganized, and often violent crowd of people.
  72. defining (adjective) – explaining, interpreting, elucidating, describing (reality).
  73. harmony (noun) – agreement, consensus, accord.
  74. Stoic (adjective) – (literally) belonging to the ancient philosophical school of Stoicism (Stoicism is a philosophy that tells you how you should regard death, suffering, great wealth, poverty, power over others and etc.; (figuratively) another term for stoical; relating to a person who is controlling his/her feelings or emotions (such as pain, pleasure/joy, grief/sadness, fear, anger, or envy).
  75. humble (adjective) – respectful, submissive, self-effacing, unassertive.
  76. implore (verb) – appeal to, ask, request.
  77. innate (adjective) – natural, intrinsic, inherent; essential/inbuilt.
  78. good sense (noun) – sound judgment.
  79. prevail over (phrasal verb) – succeed, triumph, be victorious, gain mastery, prove superior.
  80. let loose (phrase) – unleash, set free.
  81. mayhem (noun) – disorder, turmoil, chaos, havoc, disorganization.
  82. the undersigned (noun) – the signatory.
  83. strife (noun) – conflict, friction, discord, disagreement.
  84. strive (verb) – try, attempt, make every effort.
  85. unto (preposition) – an archaic term for “to”.
  86. signatory (noun) – the person who signed an official document/agreement.
  87. antibody (noun) – immunizer; it is also called ‘immunoglobulin’; a protective protein produced mainly by plasma (blood) cells in the immune system in response to the presence of antigens (disease-causing organisms (bacteria & viruses) and other harmful/toxic foreign substances like insect venom).
  88. immune (adjective) – resistant (from the effects of something).
  89. inoculum (noun) – a substance used for inoculation/immunization/vaccination.
  90. by and large (phrase) – generally, altogether, all things considered.
  91. in check (phrase) – to keep someone under control; stifle, restrain, hold back.
  92. hail (verb) – praise, applaud, speak highly of, welcome.
  93. composition (noun) – poem; literary/creative work.
  94. Amar Sonar Bangla (noun) – My golden Bengal; the national anthem of Bangladesh. The lyrics of “Amar Sonar Bangla” were written by Bengali scholar Rabindranath Tagore in 1905.
  95. spare (verb) – make free.
  96. cut through (phrasal verb) – penetrate, pierce, pass through.
  97. torment (verb) – afflict, distress, trouble.
  98. ballot (noun) – vote, poll.
  99. bear testimony/witness to (phrase) – testify to, be evidence of, be proof of, prove.
  100. covenant (noun) – contract, agreement, deal.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal needs no Radcliffe Line of hatred) – Apr 14, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal needs no Radcliffe Line of hatred) – Apr 14, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal needs no Radcliffe Line of hatred) – Apr 14, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal needs no Radcliffe Line of hatred) – Apr 14, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Bengal needs no Radcliffe Line of hatred) – Apr 14, 2021

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