The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021

A distance of two yards — do ghazh ki duri — we are enjoined to maintain between oneself and anyone else. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021:

  1. tether (verb) – bind/shackle, restrain; tie up/fasten.
  2. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  3. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  4. vulnerability (noun) – weakness/defencelessness, unprotectedness, susceptibility.
  5. decongestion (noun) – an act of relieving the congestion of (something).
  6. yard (noun) – a unit of linear measure; one yard is equal to 3 feet (0.9144 metre).
  7. enjoin (verb) – urge, instruct, pressurize (to do something).
  8. relay (verb) – transmit, broadcast, impart.
  9. injunction (noun) – judicial order, ruling, directive, warning (that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts).
  10. confinement (noun) – imprisonment, incarceration, detention.
  11. oblige (verb) – compel, bind, constrain, force.
  12. ventilated (adjective) – allowing air to enter and circulate freely.
  13. over-crowded (adjective) – congested, thronged, overpopulated.
  14. hole up (phrasal verb) – hide out, conceal oneself, shelter.
  15. dungeon (noun) – underground prison.
  16. activist (noun) – a person who supports a political change or cause; (or societal change/cause).
  17. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  18. immigration (noun) – the act of leaving one’s countries and moving to another country of which they are not natives, nor citizens, to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens.
  19. breeding ground (noun) – a place or situation that causes the (uncontrolled) transmission/spreading of infectious disease.
  20. cluster (noun) – a group (of people/things considered as a unit).
  21. convict (verb) – declare guilty, find guilty, sentence.
  22. soaring (adjective) – increasing rapidly.
  23. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  24. alarmingly (adverb) – disturbingly, worryingly.
  25. symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with symptoms.
  26. asymptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with no symptoms.
  27. pre-symptomatic (adjective) – relating to a condition/person with mild illness/symptoms.
  28. stand at (verb) – be at a particular level.
  29. on account of (phrase) – because of, owing to, due to, by virtue of.
  30. handy (adjective) – useful, helpful; accessible, available.
  31. in the public domain (phrase) – if something (e.g. information) is in the public domain, people generally know about it since it is not secret.
  32. enlightened (adjective) – informed, educated, knowledgeable.
  33. hail (verb) – praise, applaud, speak highly of, welcome.
  34. unlock (noun) – a process of freeing something from restrictions.
  35. lock-up (noun) – place of detention, place of confinement, jail.
  36. prematurely (adverb) – too soon, too early, before the usual time.
  37. pertinently (adverb) – relevantly, suitably, appropriately, germanely.
  38. activism (noun) – involvement; campaigning/supporting (to cause political or social change).
  39. go down with (phrasal verb) – fall ill with, get, contract, fall victim to, become infected with.
  40. enormity (noun) – outrage, horror, atrocity, barbarity, act of brutality.
  41. imprisonment (noun) – incarceration, custody, confinement.
  42. dawn on (phrasal verb) – if something (an idea or fact) dawns on you, you begin to understand it for the first time; come to mind, strike, be perceived, be realized.
  43. Prisons Act of 1894 (noun) – An Act to amend the law relating to Prisons. This act contains 62 sections and XII Chapters and it is an exhaustive act which contains law relating to smooth functioning of prisons.
  44. civility (noun) – politeness, good manners, consideration, respect.
  45. dignity (noun) – It means being valued and respected for what you are, what you believe in, and how you live your live.
  46. correctional (adjective) – punitive, penal, disciplinary, reformatory.
  47. set up (phrasal verb) – establish, start/begin, inaugurate, create.
  48. National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) (noun) – an Indian government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL). NCRB is headquartered in New Delhi and is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India.
  49. trial (noun) – court case, lawsuit, hearing, inquiry, legal proceedings, proceedings, legal action.
  50. detain (verb) – arrest, take into custody, imprison, jail, incarcerate.
  51. Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) (noun) – The Code of Criminal Procedure (in India). The main legislation on procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India. It was enacted in 1973 and came into force on 1 April 1974. CrPC tells about the criminal trial procedure.
  52. exceptional (adjective) – rare, unusual, uncommon.
  53. Constitutional Conduct Group (CCG) (noun) – a group of former civil servants of the All India and Central Services who have come together to use their pooled experience of decades of service to the Constitution of India to protect and further the values enshrined in it. As a group, they have no affiliations with any political party.
  54. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
  55. charge sheet (noun) – an official document on which a police officer enters details of the charge against a person.
  56. charge sheet (verb) – charge, accuse someone formally.
  57. acquit (verb) – declare innocent, exonerate, absolve; discharge, release, free (from a criminal charge).
  58. nomenclature (noun) – terms, a system of names used in particular field.
  59. under trial prisoner (UTP) (noun) – unconvicted prisoner i.e. one who has been detained in prison during the period of investigation, inquiry or trial for the offence she/he is accused to have committed.
  60. unbearable (adjective) – intolerable, unsupportable, unmanageable.
  61. connivance (noun) – collusion; conspiracy, secret plan/understanding.
  62. injustice (noun) – lack of justice, unfairness, misdeed, unjust/unfair act.
  63. languish (verb) – suffer, experience hardship; be abandoned, be neglected, be forgotten.
  64. childhood (noun) – the period of being a child.
  65. exploit (verb) – misuse, ill-treat, treat unfairly.
  66. plight (noun) – difficult situation, trouble/difficulty, quandary.
  67. cliché (noun) – banality, overworked phrase/opinion; predictable thing.
  68. exposure (noun) – In medicine, the condition of being subjected to something (infectious agents & others).
  69. jeopardy (noun) – peril, danger, risk/difficulty.
  70. fatal (adjective) – deadly, lethal.
  71. contract (verb) – get, come/go down with, become infected with, fall ill with, be taken ill with.
  72.  boast (verb) – possess, have, own, enjoy, pride itself on.
  73. preamble (noun) – introduction, preface, preliminary statement.
  74. unto (preposition) – archaic term for “to”.
  75. privation (noun) – hardship, suffering, affliction, distress.
  76. immobilise (verb) – disable, cripple, paralyse, inactive.
  77. epidemic (noun) – eruption, outbreak, outburst, flare-up.
  78. probably (adverb) – most likely, in all likelihood, all things considered, perhaps.
  79. unjustly (adverb) – unfairly, wrongly, unreasonably.
  80. hospitalisation (noun) – the act of taking (or) admitting someone to (or) in hospital for treatment.
  81. progressively (adverb) – steadily, gradually, in step by step manner.
  82. concentric (adjective) – relating to the things which are having a center in common.
  83. inmate (noun) – inhabitant, occupant, a person living in an institution (like hospital, prison, etc).
  84. bring down (phrasal verb) – reduce, decrease, lessen.
  85. salutary (adjective) – good, helpful/useful, beneficial, practical, valuable.
  86. capital punishment (noun) – hanging.
  87. envisage (verb) – foresee, predict, forecast, anticipate, expect.
  88. surety (noun) – guaranty, guarantee, security deposit.
  89. prescribe (verb) – stipulate, lay down, order.
  90. offense (noun) – crime, illegal act, wrongdoing, breach of the law.
  91. prosecutor (noun) – a lawyer who presents the government’s case against someone accused of a crime; State counsel.
  92. move (verb) – make a formal request to a court for something.
  93. fairness (noun) – impartiality, integrity, righteousness.
  94. per se (adverb) – in itself, of itself, by itself, as such, intrinsically.
  95. axiomatic (adjective) – self-evident, unquestionable/undeniable; accepted/understood.
  96. penological (adjective) – relating to the study of the punishment of crime.
  97. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, precondition, essential requirement.
  98. actuate (verb) – motivate, prompt, initiate, trigger.
  99. vaccinate (verb) – inoculate, administer, introduce (with a vaccine to provide immunity against a disease).
  100. State List (noun) – it includes subjects that give powers to the state governments. (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, the legislative section is divided into three lists: the Union List, State List and Concurrent List).
  101. Concurrent List (noun) – the list which includes the power to be considered by both the union and state government (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India).
  102. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
  103. contagious (noun) – relating to a disease/infection that can spread rapidly from person to person through direct contact, by touching a person who has the infection; communicable, transmittable, infectious.
  104. lead from the front (phrase) – take an active role in what you are saying others to do.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Being tethered to bars during a pandemic) – Jan 19, 2021

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