The Hindu Lead Article (An ill-conceived, overbroad and vague ordinance) – Jan 02, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (An ill-conceived, overbroad and vague ordinance) – Jan 02, 2021

Article 213 (1) of the Constitution of India provides: “If at any time, except when the Legislative Assembly of a State is in session,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (An ill-conceived, overbroad and vague ordinance) – Jan 02, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (An ill-conceived, overbroad and vague ordinance) – Jan 02, 2021:

  1. ill-conceived (adjective) – absurd, ridiculous, not carefully planned.
  2. overbroad (adjective) – too much, extreme. (“go overboard” means to do something too much or to go to extremes).
  3. vague (adjective) – imprecise, inexact, unclear/uncertain.
  4. ordinance (noun) – (local) order, law, directive/regulation.
  5. unconstitutional (adjective) – undemocratic, autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  6. vilify (verb) – censure, insult, criticize.
  7. faith (noun) – religion; religious belief, ideology, dogma.
  8. inter-faith marriage (noun) – sometimes called a “mixed marriage”, is a marriage between spouses having/professing/affirming faith in different religions. (spouse means a husband or wife).
  9. the legislature (noun) – a deliberative body of persons, usually elective, who are empowered to make, change, or repeal the laws of a country or state. India follows a bicameral (two chambers/parts) system at both the centre and state level. Under this system, the state’s legislature is divided into two parts – Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha and Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad.
  10. Legislative Assembly (noun) – Vidhan Sabha; Legislative Assembly is the lower house, much like the Lok Sabha of the Parliament. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people through assembly elections. The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years (unless it is dissolved earlier). A member of a legislative Assembly is referred to as an MLA.
  11. Legislative Council (noun) – Vidhan Parishad; Legislative Council is the upper house in the state and like the Rajya Sabha, it is a permanent House. Legislative Council is a permanent body, which can be formed or abolished when the Legislative Assembly passes a special resolution. The tenure of the members of the council is six years, and a third of the members of the House retire after every two years. A member of a legislative council is referred to as an MLC.
  12. circumstances (noun) – situation, conditions, state of affairs.
  13. render (verb) – make, cause to be, cause to become.
  14. promulgate (verb) – enact, pass, approve, lay down, stipulate, formulate.
  15. precondition (noun) – prerequisite, necessary condition, essential condition, requirement, necessity, imperative.
  16. warrant (verb) – justify/necessitate, vindicate/validate, call for.
  17. established (adjective) – entrenched, accepted, traditional; well known, acknowledged.
  18. Commission (noun) – committee, board, council, panel, advisory body, delegation.
  19. Air Quality Management Ordinance (noun) – On October 28, 2020, the Ministry of Law and Justice has issued an Ordinance namely the Commission for the Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance, 2020. It provides for the establishment/constitution of Commission for Air Quality Management in the National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas for better co-ordination, research, identification and resolution of problems surrounding the air quality index.
  20. Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC Act) (noun) – it allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees.
  21. preamble (noun) – introduction, preface, preliminary statement.
  22. healthy (adjective) – beneficial, strong, robust.
  23. convention (noun) – practice, norm, protocol.
  24. immediacy (noun) – rapidity, quickness, promptness.
  25. transparency (noun) – clarity, straightforwardness, openness, honesty, unambiguity.
  26. enable (verb) – permit, allow, facilitate.
  27. by-pass (verb) – circumvent, avoid, dodge.
  28. await (verb) – wait for, expect, anticipate, look/hope for.
  29. unlikely (adjective) – doubtful, dubious, unexpected, implausible, beyond belief.
  30. delve into (verb) – investigate, examine, inquire into, probe.
  31. arena (noun) – a place of activity.
  32. hold (verb) – judge, rule, decide; believe, think, consider.
  33. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  34. sufficiency (noun) – acceptability, reasonableness, fairness.
  35. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  36. course (noun) – process, procedure, practice, approach, plan of action.
  37. The Uttar Pradesh Prohibition of Unlawful Conversion of Religion Ordinance, 2020 (noun) – It, commonly called the anti-love jihad ordinance, provides prohibition of unlawful conversion of one religion to another by “misrepresentation, force, undue influence, coercion, allurement, or by any fraudulent means or by marriage.”
  38. love jihad (noun) – also called Romeo Jihad; “Love jihad” is a term used by right-wing activists to refer to the alleged campaign of Muslims forcing Hindu girls to convert in the guise of love. (guise means outward appearance or false show).
  39. namely (adverb) – specifically, in other words, that is.
  40. coercion (noun) – it means compelling an individual to act against his/her will by the use of psycological pressure or physical force causing bodily injury; force/pressure, oppression, harassment, intimidation.
  41. promulgation (noun) – enactment, implementation, enforcement.
  42. as far as something is concerned (phrase) – considering/with respect to the case of something.
  43. fraudulent (adjective) – dishonest, unlawful, unethical, unprincipled.
  44. coercive (adjective) – overbearing, forceful, intimidating, high-handed.
  45. supposedly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, ostensibly.
  46. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
  47. provision (noun) – term, requirement, condition.
  48. scenario (noun) – situation, background, context.
  49. virtually (adverb) – practically, nearly, almost.
  50. overnight (adverb) – very quickly, instantly.
  51. consequence (noun) – outcome, result, ramification, repercussion.
  52. objection (noun) – protest, complaint, disapproval, disagreement, opposition.
  53. offence (noun) – crime, illegal act, unlawful act, breach, violation of the law.
  54. authorise (verb) – permit, allow, empower.
  55. Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) (noun) – The Code of Criminal Procedure (in India). The main legislation on procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India. It was enacted in 1973 and came into force on 1 April 1974. CrPC tells about the criminal trial procedure.
  56. magistrate (noun) – the judicial officers or civil officers of a state who handle minor legal cases in a specific area like town, district etc.
  57. warrant (noun) – authorization, written order, licence, permit.
  58. designing (adjective) – plotting, intriguing, conspiring.
  59. commission (noun) – perpetration, committing, committal, execution (of an offence/crime).
  60. allegation (noun) – charge, accusation, indictment.
  61. allurement (noun) – temptation; attraction, persuasion, enticement.
  62. temptation (noun) – desire, urge, impulse/inclination.
  63. gratification (noun) – satisfaction, fulfilment, pleasure, enjoyment.
  64. eat out (phrasal verb) – dine out, go to the restaurant; have meal in restaurant.
  65. aggrieved (adjective) – angry, distressed, disturbed, resentful.
  66. stranger (noun) – unknown person.
  67. overhear (verb) – listen in, spy, intrude, hear, monitor (private conversation).
  68. trigger (verb) – cause, bring about, give rise to.
  69. conspirator (noun) – conspirer, plotter, schemer, collaborator.
  70. shotgun (adjective) – aimless, target-less, unthinking.
  71. pizza-induced (adjective) – caused by pizza.
  72. pre-crime (noun) – It is more and more used in academic literature to describe and criticise the tendency in criminal justice systems to focus on crimes not yet committed.
  73. contemplate (verb) – think about, consider, give thought to.
  74. thereafter (adverb) – after that, afterwards, subsequently.
  75. ubiquitous (adjective) – omnipresent, present everywhere, pervasive, very common.
  76. bona fide (adjective) – legitimate, legal, genuine, real, authentic.
  77. burden of proof (phrase) – the duty/obligation of a party to prove/disprove their claims/allegations.
  78. on account of (phrase) – because of, owing to, due to, by virtue of.
  79. prone to (adjective) – susceptible, vulnerable, liable, inclined; at risk of.
  80. abuse (verb) – misuse, misapply, misemploy, mishandle.
  81. intimidation (noun) – frightening, threatening, oppression.
  82. bullying (noun) – intimidating, coercing, pressurizing/browbeating.
  83. arbitrary (adjective) – whimsical, irrational, casual; autocratic, draconian, anti-democratic.
  84. fetus (noun) – (unborn child); the spelling “foetus” is still used in some non-technical contexts.
  85. mock (verb) – make a monkey of, make fun of, treat with contempt, ridicule, laugh at.
  86. liberty (noun) – freedom, independence.
  87. dignity (noun) – It means being valued and respected for what you are, what you believe in, and how you live your live.
  88. in short (phrase) – in conclusion, in sum; briefly, in a nutshell, to put it concisely.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (An ill-conceived, overbroad and vague ordinance) – Jan 02, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (An ill-conceived, overbroad and vague ordinance) – Jan 02, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (An ill-conceived, overbroad and vague ordinance) – Jan 02, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (An ill-conceived, overbroad and vague ordinance) – Jan 02, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (An ill-conceived, overbroad and vague ordinance) – Jan 02, 2021

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