The Hindu Editorial (The second dose) – Jan 02, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (The second dose) – Jan 02, 2021

With the U.K. regulator granting an emergency-use authorisation for AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine on December 30,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (The second dose) – Jan 02, 2021.

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Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (The second dose) – Jan 02, 2021:

  1. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  2. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  3. devise (verb) – formulate, come up with, create.
  4. regulator (noun) – an association that supervises a particular business activity.
  5. grant (verb) – give, provide, allow/permit.
  6. authorisation (noun) – approval, sanction, permission, consent, clearance.
  7. Oxford vaccine/Covishield (noun) – (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) or (AZD1222) is a COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca, UK Ltd. (named Covishield in India). Serum Institute of India (SII), a biotechnology company has partnered with global pharma giant AstraZeneca and Oxford University for this vaccine candidate ‘Covidshield’.
  8. greenlight (verb) – to give the approval to proceed with.
  9. mRNA vaccine (noun) – The vaccine is a messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccine, which stands for “messenger ribonucleic acid”. Messenger RNA is essentially the blueprint that living cells use to turn gene sequences into the proteins that form their fundamental structures. Once injected, the mRNA in the vaccine is translated into a viral protein, which our immune systems detect. The body generates an immune response in reaction to these viral proteins, which can’t by themselves cause disease, and this provides protection against developing Covid-19.
  10. candidate vaccine BNT162b2 (noun) – mRNA-based vaccine candidate produced by Pfizer and BioNTech.
  11. candidate vaccine mRNA-1273 (noun) – mRNA-1273 is an an mRNA vaccine candidate which was co-developed by Moderna and investigators from NIAID’s Vaccine Research Center.
  12. adenovirus (noun) – common cold virus; a group of common viruses that can cause infections of the lung, stomach, intestine, and eyes. symptoms resemble those of the common cold.
  13. spike (S) protein (noun) – spike (S) protein is the sole viral membrane protein responsible for coronavirus entry into host cells.
  14. elicit (verb) – obtain, bring forth, bring out, extract, evoke.
  15. administer (verb) – manage, operate, handle.
  16. deployment (noun) – the act of employing resources (forces) into effective action.
  17. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  18. Global South (noun) – it refers broadly to the regions of Latin America, Asia, Africa, and Oceania. It is one of a family of terms, including “Third World” and “Periphery,” that denote regions outside Europe and North America, mostly (though not all) low-income and often politically or culturally marginalized. Global North (Europe and North America) is more affluent and developed, whereas the Global South is less developed and often poorer.
  19. assent (noun) – approval, consent, sanction, acceptance.
  20. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) (noun) – a decentralised agency of the European Union (EU) responsible for the scientific evaluation, supervision, and safety monitoring of medicines in the EU.
  21. efficacy (noun) – In medicine, the ability of an intervention (for example, a drug or surgery) to produce the desired beneficial effect; effectiveness, efficiency, power.
  22. deem (verb) – regard, consider, view, judge.
  23. nod (noun) – indication, signal, sign (of approval).
  24. administer (verb) – inoculate, vaccinate, introduce (with a vaccine to provide immunity against a disease).
  25. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, have recourse to.
  26. jab (noun) – vaccination, injection, inoculation, immunization.
  27. phase 3 trial (noun) – In the phase 3 trial, the vaccine is given to thousands of people to confirm its safety – including rare side effects – and effectiveness. These trials involve a control group which is given a placebo.
  28. phase 2 trial (noun) – In the phase 2 trial, the vaccine is given to hundreds of people so scientists can learn more about its safety and correct dosage.
  29. phase 1 trial (noun) – In phase 1 trial of clinical testing, the vaccine is given to a small group of people to determine whether it is safe and to learn more about the immune response it provokes.
  30. human trial (noun) – a type of research that studies new tests and treatments and evaluates their effects on human health outcomes; clinical trial.
  31. placebo (noun) – it is an inactive substance (with no therapeutic effect) is given to one group of participants in a clinical trial, while the treatment (usually a drug or vaccine being tested) is given to another group.
  32. intent (noun) – aim, purpose, objective.
  33. stretch (verb) – prolong, lengthen, make longer, extend the duration of.
  34. vaccinate (verb) – inoculate, administer, introduce (with a vaccine to provide immunity against a disease).
  35. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  36. run amok (phrase) – get out of control, go berserk, rampage.
  37. schedule (verb) – plan, organize, arrange.
  38. insist (verb) – assert, argue, state, claim.
  39. demonstrate (verb) – show, indicate, confirm.
  40. sustain (verb) – continue, carry on, maintain, preserve.
  41. course (noun) – process, procedure, plan of action/course of action.
  42. prolong (verb) – extend, lengthen, protract, stretch out.
  43. efficacious (adjective) – effective, successful, powerful.
  44. altogether (adverb) – completely, totally, entirely.
  45. probably (adverb) – most likely, in all likelihood, all things considered, perhaps.
  46. appropriate (adjective) – suitable, favourable, proper.
  47. the brunt (noun) – strain, stress, pressure, force.
  48. desperate (adjective) – urgent, pressing, compelling, crying.
  49. measure (noun) – procedure, step, course of action, programme.
  50. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute.
  51. trial (noun) – test, pilot study, experiment (phase 1, 2,3, and or human/clinical trial).


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-2 The Hindu Editorial (The second dose) – Jan 02, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (The second dose) – Jan 02, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (The second dose) – Jan 02, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (The second dose) – Jan 02, 2021

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