The Hindu Lead Article (An award and an unholy trade-off) – Sep 26, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (An award and an unholy trade-off) – Sep 26, 2019

The Gates Foundation has awarded Prime Minister Narendra Modi its annual ‘Global Goalkeeper’ Award… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (An award and an unholy trade-off) – Sep 26, 2019.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (An award and an unholy trade-off) – Sep 26, 2019:

  1. unholy (adjective) – irreligious, impious, atheistic.
  2. trade-off (noun) – a situation in which you must choose between or balance two things that are opposite or cannot be had at the same time; a compromise; swap, exchange.
  3. set off (phrasal verb) – start out, set forth, begin.
  4. descend into (phrasal verb) – degenerate, deteriorate, decline.
  5. chaos (noun) – disorder, turmoil, confusion/disruption.
  6. undermine (verb) – weaken, spoil, damage.
  7. laureate (noun) – a person who is honoured with an award for outstanding achievement.
  8. at stake (phrase) – in question, at issue.t.
  9. benevolent (adjective) – kind, compassionate/sympathetic, benign.
  10. reap (verb) – receive, obtain, realize; harvest.
  11. dividend (noun) – additional benefit, gain, extra.
  12. shred (noun) – a bit of, a tiny amount of, a small amount of.
  13. substantive (adjective) – important & meaningful.
  14. mob (noun) – a large, disorganized, and often violent crowd of people.
  15. dish out (phrasal verb) – present, offer, produce.
  16. fall in line (phrase) – conform with others.
  17. humiliate (verb) – embarrass, degrade, shame.
  18. due process (noun) – fair treatment (per established principles & procedures).
  19. vicious (adjective) – serious, dangerous, dreadful.
  20. arbitrary (adjective) – capricious, personal (whim/choice), erratic/irregular.
  21. dilution (noun) – reduction in value/power/force of something.
  22. infringement (noun) – encroachment, disruption, breach.
  23. (on) the horizon (phrase) – imminent, impending, approaching.
  24. heir (noun) – successor, next in line, beneficiary.
  25. take on (phrasal verb) – compete against, oppose, confront.
  26. gigantic (adjective) – huge, wide, extensive.
  27. sell something for a mess of pottage (phrase) – sell something for a ridiculously small amount.
  28. swap (noun) – exchange, interchange, trade-off.
  29. affirmative (adjective) – sensitive, understanding, helpful.
  30. forge (verb) – build up, construct, form, create, establish.
  31. in the making (phrase) – coming, emergent, growing, developing.
  32. beleaguered (adjective) – hard-pressed, troubled, in difficulties.
  33. wound (noun) – damage, distress, pain/torment.
  34. chimera (noun) – illusion, fantasy, dream.
  35. statesman (noun) – senior politician, respected political figure, political leader.
  36. reign (verb) – prevail, exist, be in existence, be present.
  37. inglorious (adjective) – dishonourable/discreditable, disgraceful, humiliating.
  38. bent on (phrasal verb) – fixed on, determined on, intent on.
  39. appropriate (verb) – seize, commandeer, expropriate, take over.
  40. hold up (phrasal verb) – remain strong, effective, successful.
  41. coherent (adjective) – logical, reasonable, rational.
  42. acme (noun) – summit, pinnacle, top.
  43. paternalistic (adjective) – dismissive, oppressive.
  44. statecraft (noun) – statesmanship; the skilful management of a country’s external affairs.
  45. have come a long way (phrase) – To make progress, or to achieve something.
  46. oppression (noun) – suppression/enslavement; repression,.
  47. exploitation (noun) – taking advantage, abuse/misuse, ill treatment.
  48. the peasantry (noun) – agricultural labourers, agricultural workers.
  49. linguistic (adjective) – relating to language; lingual.
  50. upsurge (noun) – growth, rise, enlargement, expansion.
  51. imprint (verb) – fix, establish, stick/embed.
  52. consciousness (noun) – awareness, knowledge, attention/observation.
  53. normative (adjective) – relating to a standard/norm, particularly of behaviour.
  54. trap (noun) – unescapable & very bad situation.
  55. spiral (noun) – the process of deterioration, decline, decrease.
  56. deprivation (noun) – hardship, distress, poverty/destitution.
  57. diminish (verb) – decrease, decline, reduce.
  58. malady (noun) – a serious problem.
  59. strip of (verb) – dispossess, deprive, relieve.
  60. worthwhile (adjective) – valuable, helpful, useful.
  61. competence (noun) – capability, ability, capacity.
  62. prerequisite (noun) – necessary condition, imperative, requirement.
  63. oblige (verb) – require, compel, bind/force.
  64. sustainable (adjective) – valid, legitimate, reasonable, justified.
  65. dispense with (verb) – get rid of, throw away, throw out, discard.
  66. stand-off (noun) – deadlock, stalemate, impasse (in a dispute/conflict).
  67. premise (noun) – thesis, presupposition, belief, thought.
  68. neutralise (verb) – eliminate, cancel out, nullify/invalidate.
  69. humanity (noun) – humankind, the human race, people.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.bigotry, narrow-mindedness
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (An award and an unholy trade-off) – Sep 26, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (An award and an unholy trade-off) – Sep 26, 2019The Hindu Lead Article (An award and an unholy trade-off) – Sep 26, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (An award and an unholy trade-off) – Sep 26, 2019

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