The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020

Change is the essence of time. We have been fed on stories on how men in authority take critical decisions after deep and deliberate introspection. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020:

  1. chaos (noun) – disorder, disarray, turmoil, disorganization, disruption.
  2. moment of truth (phrase) – it is an important time during which you will be tested ( & you must take a decision quickly and based on that decision, you will have to face the consequences).
  3. autocracy (noun) – absolute power, totalitarianism, dictatorship.
  4. deep (adjective) – clever, intelligent, insightful, profound, serious, difficult. 
  5. deliberate (adjective) – careful, cautious, measured, methodical, systematic, meticulous, thorough.
  6. introspection (noun) – self-observation, self-analysis; contemplation.
  7. testimony (noun) – evidence, proof, attestation/witness.
  8. divide (noun) – disagreement, difference, polarity, division, divergence (between two groups).
  9. presumption (noun) – assumption, supposition, belief/notion, thought, impression.
  10. liberal (noun) – leftist, left-winger, reformer, progressive.
  11. conservative (noun) – rightist, right-winger, reactionary, diehard.
  12. ideologue (noun) – an uncompromising follower/supporter/advocate of an ideology.
  13. hardcore (adjective) – diehard, staunch, dedicated/committed, steadfast, hard-line.
  14. endanger (verb) – imperil, jeopardize, risk, put in danger.
  15. hardly (adverb) – barely, only just, almost not.
  16. shenanigans (plural noun) – deception, double-dealing, dishonesty, cheating, fraudulence.
  17. take place (phrase) – happen, occur, transpire.
  18. negate (verb) – deny, dispute, call into question, contradict; invalidate, nullify, cancel.
  19. partake of (verb) – have the attributes of, have the qualities of, be characterized by, manifest.
  20. dictatorship (noun) – totalitarianism, absolute rule, autocracy.
  21. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold, champion.
  22. reckon with (phrasal verb) – deal with/cope with; take into account, take into consideration.
  23. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity, dearth.
  24. shame-facedness (noun) – abashment, guilt, embarrassment, loss of face.
  25. virtue (noun) – integrity, propriety, goodness/good point.
  26. pole (noun) – extremity.
  27. utilization (noun) – use, application, exploitation.
  28. spectre (noun) – threat, menace, danger/peril.
  29. grave (adjective) – crucial/critical, important/significant, serious.
  30. witness (verb) – see, observe, view, notice.
  31. point finger at someone (phrase) – to accuse or blame someone.
  32. bridge (verb) – join, link, connect, unite.
  33. entrenched (adjective) – ingrained, established, embedded.
  34. victorious (adjective) – successful, triumphant, winning.
  35. president-elect (noun) – a president who has been elected but not yet installed would be referred to as a president-elect (e.g. President-elect of the United States).
  36. index (noun) – indicator, guide, mark, measure.
  37. wish away (phrasal verb) – try to stop/eliminate something (problem) just by wishing that it did not exist.
  38. secure (verb) – obtain, gain, get.
  39. grievance (noun) – complaint, problem, objection/protest.
  40. in turn (phrase) – in succession, successively.
  41. neglect (noun) – negligence, carelessness, irresponsibility, laxity.
  42. wake-up call (noun) – something which alerts a person to a problem and makes him/her to do some remedial action.
  43. confront (verb) – face, tackle, deal with, grapple with (a problem/difficulty). 
  44. manipulation (noun) – controlling or influencing someone/something cleverly.
  45. psychometric (plural noun) – measuring mental capacities and processes.
  46. artificial intelligence (AI) (noun) – an area of computer science that deals with giving machines the ability to seem like they have human intelligence (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  47. enhance (verb) – increase, raise, intensify.
  48. notion (noun) – idea, belief, view.
  49. beset (verb) – trouble, bother, worry, anguish, embarrass (persistently).
  50. no mean (phrase) – denoting something that is very good.
  51. magnitude (noun) – size, extent; intensity, importance of something.
  52. grapple with (verb) – tackle, confront, deal with, cope with.
  53. resurgent (adjective) – rising again; increasing or reviving after a period of little activity/dullness.
  54. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  55. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  56. notwithstanding (adverb) – nevertheless, nonetheless; in spite of, despite, regardless of.
  57. recede (verb) – diminish, lessen, decrease, retreat.
  58. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  59. uncertain (adjective) – unpredictable, unsettled, unreliable; unsure, doubtful, dubious.
  60. Brexit (noun) – a term used for the (supposed) departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
  61. prospect (noun) – chances, possibilities, expectations, opportunities (for success).
  62. enigma (noun) – mystery, puzzle, riddle, unsolved problem.
  63. congruence (noun) – compatibility, agreement, harmony.
  64. fragility (noun) – vulnerability, riskiness, unreliability.
  65. undergo (verb) – go through, experience, be subjected to.
  66. embrace (verb) – welcome, accept, adapt, take up.
  67. secularism (noun) – the belief that religion should not have a strong influence in education or other public parts of society.
  68. overweening (adjective) – high-handed, domineering, overbearing.
  69. cohesion (noun) – unity, togetherness, solidarity, coherence.
  70. social cohesion (noun) – the capacity of a society to ensure the well-being of all its members, minimizing disparities and avoiding marginalization (or) the belief held by citizens of a given nation-state that
    they share a moral community, which enables them to trust each other.
  71. go out of the window/door (phrase) – disappear, no longer exist.
  72. in the face of (phrase) – when confronted/faced with; despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  73. beheading (noun) – the act of cutting off a person’s head (as a form of execution).
  74. long-held (adjective) – deep-rooted, enduring.
  75. secular (adjective) – non-religious.
  76. shatter (verb) – destroy, wreck, ruin.
  77. vaunted (adjective) – acclaimed, highly rated, admired.
  78. rail against (phrasal verb) – express disapproval of, criticize severely, denounce, protest strongly at.
  79. radical (adjective) – extreme, extremist, fanatical.
  80. islamophobia (noun) – the fear, hatred of, or prejudice against, the Islamic religion or Muslims generally, especially when seen as a geopolitical force.
  81. catalyst (noun) – someone/something that triggers/causes/gives rise to an event suddenly/unexpectedly; stimulus, motivation, fillip, encouragement.
  82. vanquish (verb) – conquer, defeat, crush, quell, overcome.
  83. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute.
  84. spectacular (adjective) – strikingnoticeable.
  85. transnational (adjective) – involving/relating to two/more countries.
  86. predecessor (noun) – previous holder; forerunner, precursor, antecedent.
  87. symbolism (noun) – representation of ideas/qualities.
  88. intent (noun) – aim, purpose, objective.
  89. at large (phrase) – as a whole, generally, extensively.
  90. reignite (verb) – evoke, call up, rekindle, stir.
  91. embers (noun) – glowing coal, burning wood (smoldering emotions).
  92. alongside (preposition) – together with.
  93. perpetuate (verb) – cause to continue something indefinitely, particularly a bad situation, an attitude/idea/belief, etc; keep going, keep in existence, extend/prolong.
  94. manipulate (verb) – misrepresent, falsify, distort.
  95. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, draconian, undemocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  96. regime (noun) – government.
  97. repressive (adjective) – oppressive, dominating/coercive, authoritarian/draconian.
  98. opponent (noun) – rival, enemy, nemesis, contender/opposer.
  99. resonance (noun) – reverberation, power or ability (to evoke memories/emotions).
  100. prop up (phrasal verb) – support, assist, help someone/something from the decline.
  101. polarised (adjective) – separated into opposing two.
  102. ghost (noun) – spectre, phantom, spirit.
  103. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019. It amended the Citizenship Act, 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for illegal migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities, who had fled persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan before December 2014. Muslims from those countries were not given such eligibility.
  104. National Register of Citizens (NRC) (noun) – It is a register that includes demographic information about all those individuals who qualify as citizens of India as per the Citizenship Act, 1955.
  105. by no means (phrase) – not at all, in no way, certainly not, absolutely not, definitely not.
  106. lay to rest (phrase) – to end something.
  107. beneath (preposition) – under.
  108. aggravate (verb) – compound, worsen, exacerbate, escalate.
  109. casualty (noun) – victim, loss, death, fatality. 
  110. personnel (noun) – staff, employees, workforce.
  111. confrontation (noun) – conflict, clash, fight, face-off.
  112. set up (phrasal verb) – establish, start/begin, inaugurate, create.
  113. downward (adjective) – descending, sliding, falling.
  114. spiral (noun) – deterioration, decline, degradation.
  115. misplaced (adjective) – misguided, unwise, ill-advised, ill-considered.
  116. vis-a-vis (preposition) – in relation to, with regard to.
  117. bargaining power (noun) – the relative ability of parties in a situation to exert influence over each other.
  118. bloc (noun) – alliance, association, union.
  119. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) (noun) – a proposed agreement between the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and its free trade agreement (FTA) partners. The pact aims to cover trade in goods and services, intellectual property, etc.
  120. perceive (verb) – view, regard, consider, deem.
  121. springboard (noun) – something which provides support or motivation to do a particular course of action.
  122. signatory (noun) – the person who signed an official document/agreement.
  123. The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QSD)/The Quad (noun) – an informal strategic forum between the United States, Japan, Australia and India that aims to strengthen the defence and security cooperation amongst these four countries. It was initially proposed by former Japan PM Abe in order to check China’s growing influence and assertiveness in the Indo-Pacific region.
  124. adduce (verb) – present, offer, propose; cite/mention/quote (as an evidence).
  125. cardinal (adjective) – fundamental, basic, primary, main.
  126. reflection (noun) – indication, display, demonstration.
  127. equation (noun) – association, connection; the situation.
  128. isolation (noun) – separation, segregation, setting apart.
  129. wrack a variant of rack (verb) – torment, afflict, torture/pain.
  130. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, follow.
  131. provocation (noun) – stirring, goading, instigation, agitation.
  132. marginalise (verb) – treat as insignificant, treat as unimportant, neglect.
  133. imbroglio (noun) – confused/complicated situation; difficulty/predicament.
  134. acquiesce (verb) – consent to, agree to, allow, assent to.
  135. contrast (noun) – difference, dissimilarity, contradiction.
  136. prevailing (adjective) – existing; being present.
  137. disruption (noun) – disturbance, interruption, suspension, obstruction.
  138. disruptive (adjective) – troublesome, unmanageable, uncontrollable, unrestrained.
  139. impetus (noun) – motivation, encouragement; stimulus, boost.
  140. superpower (noun) – a nation which is very powerful and possesses military, political or economic might (power) with dominant status on the globe. (like the Soviet Union (erstwhile) or United States of America).

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A world in chaos and a moment of truth) – Nov 20, 2020

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