The Hindu Lead Article (A thumbs down to unilateralism) – Jul 01, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (A thumbs down to unilateralism) – Jul 01, 2019

Economic relations between India and the United States are on a knife-edge after the U.S. took a series of unilateral actions against India’s exports,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A thumbs down to unilateralism) – Jul 01, 2019.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A thumbs down to unilateralism) – Jul 01, 2019:

  1. thumbs down (phrase) – non-acceptance, rejection/refusal, disapproval.
  2. unilateralism (noun) – a method of taking decisions (on international relations) by a state (country) individually without considering other states (countries).
  3. defiance (noun) – non-compliance, disobedience; resistance.
  4. knife-edge (noun) – tense, charged, overwrought/dangerous situation. 
  5. unilateral (adjective) – relating to a method of taking decisions (on international relations) by a state (country) individually without considering other states (countries).
  6. retaliatory (adjective) – termed as a revenge against someone.
  7. sum up (phrasal verb) – review, summarize, outline.
  8. successive (adjective) – following, consecutive, succeeding.
  9. tenor (noun) – the general content/meaning.
  10. distinctly (adverb) – clearly, precisely; markedly/definitely.
  11. up the ante (phrase) – to take an action that raises the stakes (risks), i.e. that increases the chances of conflict/dispute.
  12. stem from (verb) – emerge from, originate from, emanate from.
  13. Ways and Means Committee (noun) – a standing committee of the US House of Representatives that supervises all financial legislation.
  14. discriminate (verb) – separate, differentiate, distinguish.
  15. for the sake of (it) (phrase) – purpose, reason, cause.
  16. propriety (noun) – morality, correctness, decency.
  17. substance (noun) – significant subject, important matter/content, valid message.
  18. persistent (adjective) – constant, continuous, never-ending/repeated.
  19. intellectual property rights (IPRs) (noun) – the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds. The IPRs are legal rights that protect creations and/or inventions resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields.
  20. under the cover (phrase) – in secret, hidden or protected by.
  21. tantamount to (adjective) – equivalent to, amounting to, more or less.
  22. unequivocal (adjective) – unambiguousunmistakable; straightforward, categorical.
  23. multilateralism (noun) – a method of coordinating  relations between groups of three or more states (countries).
  24. sovereign (adjective) – independent, self-governing, autonomous.
  25. multilateral (adjective) – involving many different countries (in which all WTO member countries are party to the agreement).
  26. means (noun) – method, way, technique.
  27. spirit (noun) – ethos, morale/ethics, essence/principles.
  28. address (verb) – attend to, tackle, deal with.
  29. trade war (noun) – a condition in which a country increase tariffs on foreign goods and impose quota restrictions to restrict other countries’ trade.
  30. depression (noun) – decline, recession, slowdown.
  31. intent on (verb) – determined, fixed, keen.
  32. flawed (adjective) – defective, incorrect, wrong.
  33. vested interest (noun) – a personal interest in something to get benefit.
  34. fall in line (phrase) – conform with others.
  35. detrimental (adjective) – damaging, inimical, dangerous.
  36. imply (verb) – say indirectly, suggest, hint.
  37. perturb (verb) – worry, upset, concern.
  38. (to) the core (phrase) – completely, totally, entirely.
  39. discord (noun) – conflict, friction, hostility.
  40. deep-seated (adjective) – profound, fundamental, basic.
  41. footprint (noun) – mark, impression, track/trace.
  42. defy (verb) – resist, take a stand against, confront.
  43. simplistic (adjective) – oversimple/oversimplified, schematic, facile.
  44. bound to (adjective) – compelled, required, duty-bound.
  45. disregard (verb) – ignore, pay no attention to,  take no notice of.
  46. undermine (verb) – weaken, spoil/damage, compromise, subvert.
  47. walk down the path of (phrase) – to take a particular course of action; do, perform, conduct.
  48. imperative (noun) – necessary/essential condition, requirement, requisite.
  49. rules-based system (noun) – the systems that represent knowledge in the form of rules. Rule-based systems normally use a working memory that initially contains the input data for a particular run, and an inference engine to find applicable rules and apply them.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.bigotry, narrow-mindedness
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A thumbs down to unilateralism) – Jul 01, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (A thumbs down to unilateralism) – Jul 01, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (A thumbs down to unilateralism) – Jul 01, 2019

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