The Hindu Lead Article (A sneeze, a global cold and testing times for China) – Feb 01, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (A sneeze, a global cold and testing times for China) – Feb 01, 2020

The Year of the Rat has begun on an inauspicious note for China. A new virus belonging to the Coronavirus family (now named novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV) has claimed over 200 lives in China… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A sneeze, a global cold and testing times for China) – Feb 01, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A sneeze, a global cold and testing times for China) – Feb 01, 2020:

  1. testing (adjective) – challenging, difficult.
  2. coronavirus (CoV)(noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  3. outbreak (noun) – sudden appearance/occurrence, outburst, epidemic.
  4. credibility (noun) – trustworthiness, reliability, dependability.
  5. inauspicious (noun) – unfavourable, unfortunate, disadvantageous.
  6. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  7. underline (verb) – emphasize, highlight, underscore.
  8. footing (noun) – support, basis, base.
  9. grave (adjective) – crucial, critical, serious.
  10. dimension (noun) – aspect, feature, element.
  11. epicentre (noun) – the main point of unpleasant or problematic situation.
  12. ironically (adverb) – paradoxically, unexpectedly, strangely.
  13. bustling (adjective) – busy, lively, full of activity (of a place).
  14. respiratory (adjective) – relating to or affecting breathing (or organs of breathing).
  15. mutate (verb) – change, evolve, convert.
  16. urbanisation (noun) – a process of creating urban areas.
  17. proximity (noun) – closeness, nearness, adjacency (in space/time/relationship).
  18. petri dish (noun) – a shallow covered dish used for growing bacteria, etc., primarily in laboratories.
  19. zoonotic (adjective) – relating to a disease that can be transmitted from animals to people.
  20. casualty (noun) – victim, fatality, loss/dead/injured.
  21. climb (verb) – rise, increase.
  22. suspected (adjective) – believed to exist/be true.
  23. abroad (adverb) – in a foreign country.
  24. so far (phrase) – until now, up to the present, up to this point.
  25. undertake (verb) – begin, start, embark on; engage in, become involved in.
  26. decode (verb) – decipher, explain, understand.
  27. fomites (noun) – objects/materials, such as clothes, utensils, and furniture, that when contaminated with or exposed to infectious agents, such as pathogenic bacteria, viruses or fungi, can transfer disease to a new person.
  28. contagious (adjective) – relating to a disease/infection that can spread rapidly from person to person through direct contact, by touching a person who has the infection; communicable, transmittable, infectious.
  29. incubation (noun) – the process of incubating (a very initial development stage).
  30. amplify (verb) – intensify, magnify/raise, escalate.
  31. transmissibility (noun) – the quality/characteristic/trait of a disease being able to spread from one person to another.
  32. crack down (phrasal verb) – get tough on, take severe action against, clamp down on.
  33. stagger (verb) – hesitate, stop, stall.
  34. shut down (phrasal verb) – discontinue, cease activity, close.
  35. call off (phrasal verb) – cancel, abandon, shelve/drop.
  36. severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (noun) – SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is thought to be an animal virus from an as-yet-uncertain animal reservoir, perhaps bats, that spread to other animals (civet cats). It is a viral (human-to-human transmission) that can cause severe respiratory illness or death.
  37. point to (verb) – indicate, suggest.
  38. mysterious (adjective) – puzzling, strange, peculiar.
  39. apology (noun) – expression of regret.
  40. lethal (adjective) – fatal, deadly, life-threatening. 
  41. pathogenicity (noun) – the property of causing disease.
  42. fall short (phrase) – be deficient, inadequate, be insufficient.
  43. reflective (adjective) – relating to thoughtful, contemplative, introspective thing
  44. top-down (adjective) – hierarchical; controlled, directed, or organized from the top level.
  45. bureaucratic (adjective) – institutional, procedural, official/governmental.
  46. kick in (phrasal verb) – come into effect.
  47. embarrassing (adjective) – shameful, humiliating, awkward.
  48. rejuvenation (noun) – restoration, revitalization, revival.
  49. bide one’s time (phrase) – wait calmly for a good opportunity.
  50. imply (verb) – say indirectly, suggest, hint.
  51. crunch (noun) – a crucial point or situation.
  52. hesitant (adjective) – lacking confidence, timid, insecure.
  53. genome sequencing (noun) – it is ostensibly/apparently the process of determining the complete DNA sequence of an organism’s genome at a single time.
  54. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  55. Nipah virus (noun) – a zoonotic virus (it is transmitted from animals to humans) and can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between people.
  56. quarantine (noun) – a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; setting apart, keeping apart, sorting out.
  57. prevalent (adjective) – widespread, usual/common, ubiquitous.
  58. alacrity (noun) – eagerness, willingness, readiness.
  59. toll (noun) – suffering, loss, damage.
  60. curtail (verb) – reduce, diminish, decrease.
  61. on the rise (phrase) – increasing.
  62. influenza (noun) – it is commonly known as “the flu”, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
  63. strain (verb) – variety, kind, type.
  64. epidemiologist (noun) – an expert in the study of how disease spreads and can be controlled.
  65. entomologist (noun) – an expert in the branch of zoology dealing with insects.
  66. put in place (phrase) – initiate, usher in, bring in.
  67. robust (adjective) – strong, powerful.
  68. surveillance (noun) – observation, scrutiny, inspection/examination.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A sneeze, a global cold and testing times for China) – Feb 01, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (A sneeze, a global cold and testing times for China) – Feb 01, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A sneeze, a global cold and testing times for China) – Feb 01, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A sneeze, a global cold and testing times for China) – Feb 01, 2020

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